skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Mark Eirdr 3II/7 — vas ‘was’

Fœðir sótti fremðarráða
foldar vǫrðu austr í Garða;
auði gœddu allvald prúðan
ítrir menn, þeirs hnøggvi slíta.
Stillir varð of austrveg allan
einkar tíðr inn mærðarblíði;
hinn vas engr, es hans nafn kunnit
heiðarmanns í lofi reiða.

Fœðir fremðarráða sótti vǫrðu foldar austr í Garða; ítrir menn, þeirs slíta hnøggvi, gœddu prúðan allvald auði. Inn mærðarblíði stillir varð einkar tíðr of allan austrveg; hinn vas engr, es kunnit reiða nafn hans, heiðarmanns, í lofi.

The nourisher of outstanding actions [RULER] visited the guardians of the earth [RULERS] east in Russia; glorious men, who destroy stinginess, endowed the magnificent mighty ruler with wealth. The praise-pleased prince came to be very popular throughout all the eastern regions; there was no person who was not able to proclaim his name, the man of honour’s, in praise.

readings

[7] vas (‘var’): varð 20b I, 180b

notes

[7] vas ‘was’: Varð ‘was’ (lit. ‘became’, so 20b I, 180b) is also possible (adopted by Skj B, Skald and ÍF 35).

grammar

Irregular verbs: vera (to be)

indic.subj.
pres.pastpres.past
sing.


pl.
1
2
3
1
2
3
em
ert
er
erum
eruð
eru
var
vart
var
várum
váruð
váru

sér

sém
séð
væra
værir
væri
værim
værið
væri
imperative
past part.
ver, verið
verit
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