skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Hskv Útdr 2II/1 — skalk ‘I must’

Stór skalk verk, þaus vôru
(Vánar dags) á Spáni,
(prútt lét sløngvir sóttan
Sintré) konungs inna.
Gerðisk heldr við harðan
hermǫnnum gram berjask
grátt, en gǫrva neittu
goðs rétti sér boðnum.

Skalk inna stór verk konungs, þaus vôru á Spáni; sløngvir Vánar dags lét prútt sóttan Sintré. Gerðisk heldr grátt hermǫnnum berjask við harðan gram, en neittu gǫrva rétti goðs, boðnum sér.

I must tell of the great deeds of the king, which took place in Spain; the slinger of Ván’s <river’s> daylight [GOLD > GENEROUS MAN] proudly attacked Sintra. It turned out to be quite perilous for the warriors to fight against the stern lord, and they completely refused [to accept] the laws of God offered to them.

readings

[1] skalk (‘skal ec’): á ek Mork, skal Hr

grammar

Verbs: Preterite-present verbs

The present tense of these verbs is like the past tense of strong verbs, and their past tense is weak.

eigamegakunnaskulumunumuna
indic.
pres.
sing.


pl.
1st
2nd
3rd
1st
2nd
3rd
á
átt
á
eigum
eiguð
eigu

mátt

megum
meguð
megu
kann
kannt
kann
kunnum
kunnuð
kunnu
skal
skalt
skal
skulum
skuluð
skulu
mun
munt
mun
munum
munuð
munu
man
mant
man
munum
munið
muna
indic. past stem
subj. pres. stem
subj. past stem
átt-
eig-
ætt-
mátt-
meg-
mætt-
kunn-
kunn-
kynn-
skyld-
skyl-
skyld-
mund-
myn-
mynd-
mund-
mun-
mynd-
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