Cookies on our website

We use cookies on this website, mainly to provide a secure browsing experience but also to collect statistics on how the website is used. You can find out more about the cookies we set, the information we store and how we use it on the cookies page.



Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

Menu Search

ESk Geisl 53VII/3 — dugði ‘did well’

Myndi mest und fjǫndum
Miklagarðr ok jarðir
(hryggs dugði lið) liggja
(lagar eldbrota) veldi,
nema rǫnd í byr branda
(barðraukns) fáir harða
(rǫðuls bliku vôpn í veðri)
Væringjar framm bæri.

Mest veldi, Miklagarðr ok jarðir, myndi liggja und fjǫndum — lið hryggs lagar eldbrota dugði —, nema harða fáir Væringjar bæri rǫnd framm í byr branda; vôpn bliku í veðri rǫðuls barðraukns.

Most of the kingdom, Constantinople and the territories, would have lain under enemies — the army of the sorrowful breaker of the flame of the sea [(lit. ‘sorrowful flame-breaker of the sea’) GOLD > GENEROUS RULER = Byzantine king] did well —, except that a very few Varangians pushed [their] shields forward in the fair breeze of swords [BATTLE]; weapons gleamed in the storm of the sun of the prow-ox [SHIP > SHIELD > BATTLE].


[3] dugði: dugðit Bb


[3-4] lið hryggs lagar eldbrota dugði ‘the army of the sorrowful flame-breaker of the sea did well’: The reference is probably to the Byzantine army and its leader. The structure of this intercalary cl. follows Skald and NN §944 rather than Skj B, which fragments l. 3 syntactically. However, both Skj B and Skald adopt Bb’s dugðit ‘did not do well’, with suffixed negative, rather than the positive 3rd pers. sg. pret. of Flat. Both readings are possible, and it could be argued that Bb’s is better on grounds of sense, viz. the Byzantine army did not do well but was saved by the brave Varangians.



Log in

This service is only available to members of the relevant projects, and to purchasers of the skaldic volumes published by Brepols.
This service uses cookies. By logging in you agree to the use of cookies on your browser.


Word in text

This view shows information about an instance of a word in a text.