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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Geisl 37VII/1 — Hǫrn ‘Hǫrn’

Gǫfug réð Hǫrn ór hǫfði
hvítings um sǫk lítla
auðar aumum beiði
ungs manns skera tungu.
Þann sôm vér, es vôrum,
válaust numinn máli
hodda njót, þars heitir
Hlíð, fôm vikum síðan.

Gǫfug Hǫrn hvítings réð skera tungu ór hǫfði aumum beiði auðar um sǫk lítla ungs manns. Vér sôm þann njót hodda, válaust numinn máli, es vôrum fôm vikum síðan, þars heitir Hlíð.

A noble Hǫrn <= Freyja> of the drinking horn [WOMAN] decided to cut the tongue out of the head of a poor seeker of riches [MAN] for little fault of the young man. We [I] saw that user of treasure [MAN], without doubt deprived of speech, when we were [I was] a few weeks later at the place called Lia.

readings

[1] Hǫrn: heyrn Holm2

notes

[1] Hǫrn: Hǫrn is an alternative name for the goddess Freyja, here used as the base-word of a woman-kenning; the basic sense of hvítingr is ‘white one’ and can be applied to a range of light-coloured or shining referents, including drinking horns.

kennings

grammar

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