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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Sól 71VII/3 — farit ‘afflicted’

Menn sá ek þá,        er mjök höfðu
        hungri farit hörund;
englar guðs        lutu öllum þeim;
        þat er it æzta unað.

Ek sá menn þá, er mjök höfðu farit hörund hungri; englar guðs lutu þeim öllum; þat er it æzta unað.

I saw men then who had greatly afflicted their flesh with hunger; God’s angels bowed to them all; that is the highest delight.

readings

[3] farit hörund: hörund farit 1441ˣ

grammar

Verbs: Strong Verbs

The stem of the subjunctive pl. is i-mutation of the indicative pl..

lúka ‘shut, end’



Indicative Subjunctive


Present Past Present Past

Active voice
sing. 1
2
3
lýk
lýkr
lýkr
lauk
laukt
lauk
lúka
lúkir
lúki
lyka
lykir
lyki
pl. 1
2
3
lúkum
lúkið
lúka
lukum
lukuð
luku
lúkim
lúkið
lúki
lykim
lykið
lyki
infinitive
pres. part.
past part.
lúka
lúkandi
lúkinn, lúkin, lúkit

Middle voice
sing. 1
2
3
lýkumk
lýksk
lýksk
laukumk
laukzk
lauksk
lúkumk
lúkisk
lúkisk
lykumk
lykisk
lykisk
pl. 1
2
3
lúkumk
lúkizk
lúkask
lukumk
lukuzk
lukusk
lúkimk
lúkizk
lúkisk
lykimk
lykizk
lykisk
infinitive
pres. part.
past part.
lúkask
lúkandisk
lúkizk
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