skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Líkn 7VII/3 — hvéls ‘wheel’

Hauðrs, veit helgar ræður,
hildingr, ok kenningar,
mána hvéls, ór mínu,
mannvandr, hugar ranni.
Öll eru orð þín gulli,
alhreinn, ok gimsteinum
vísi sæll, ór völlum,
vegs, bjartari ok fegri.

Hildingr hauðrs mána hvéls, mannvandr, veit helgar ræður ok kenningar ór mínu ranni hugar. Alhreinn, sæll vísi vegs, öll þín orð eru bjartari ok fegri gulli ok gimsteinum ór völlum.

King of the land of the moon’s wheel [MOON > SKY/HEAVEN > = God], exacting of man, direct holy discourses and doctrines out of my house of thought [BREAST]. Completely pure, blessed prince of glory, all your words are brighter and fairer than gold and gems from the fields.

readings

[3] hvéls: ‘huols’ 399a‑bˣ

notes

[3] mána hvéls ‘of the moon’s wheel’: A tautological kenning in which the determinant contains the same concept as its referent: ‘moon’s wheel [MOON]’. The idea of a heavenly body as wheel may depend in part upon the celestial wheels in Ezek. I and X; cf. the common Lat. phrase solis rota ‘wheel of the sun’ and Has 36/7 sunnu hvéls ‘of the sun’s wheel’.

kennings

grammar

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