skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞKolb Eirdr 5I/4 — brœðr ‘before the brother’

Jǫfrum varð, en urðu
allhvasst Danir falla,
blóðhelsingja bræðir,
brœðr Sigvarðar, œðri.

Bræðir blóðhelsingja varð œðri jǫfrum, en Danir urðu falla allhvasst brœðr Sigvarðar.

The feeder of blood-geese [RAVENS/EAGLES > WARRIOR] overcame princes, and the Danes had to fall most rapidly before the brother of Sigurðr [= Eiríkr].

readings

[4] brœðr: ‘broðr’ FskAˣ

notes

[4] brœðr (dat. sg.) ‘before the brother’: The form brœðr usually denotes nom. or acc. pl., but is commonly found as dat. sg. in skaldic poetry (Finnur Jónsson 1901, 65; LP: bróðir). The nom. pl. brœðr (Sigvarðar) ‘brothers (of Sigurðr)’ could function grammatically in apposition with Danir ‘the Danes’, but not with good sense. On the use of the dat. with falla to mean ‘fall before’, see NN §§1113C, 2463E. 

kennings

grammar

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