skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

Menu Search

Þjóð Yt 22I/10 — Skírings ‘Skírings’

Þat frá hverr,
at Halfdanar
sǫkmiðlendr
sakna skyldu.
Ok hallvarps
hlífi-Nauma
þjóðkonung
á Þótni tók.
Ok Skæreið
í Skíringssal
of brynjalfs
beinum drúpir.

Þat frá hverr, at sǫkmiðlendr skyldu sakna Halfdanar. Ok hlífi-Nauma hallvarps tók þjóðkonung á Þótni. Ok Skæreið drúpir of beinum brynjalfs í Skíringssal.

Everyone learned that the mediators had to feel the loss of Hálfdan. And the protecting Nauma <goddess> of the cairn [= Hel] took the mighty king in Toten. And Skæreið mourns over the bones of the mailcoat-elf [WARRIOR] in Skíringssalr.

readings

[10] Skírings‑: so F, J1ˣ, J2ˣ, R685ˣ, ‘Skíris‑’ , papp18ˣ, 521ˣ, 761aˣ

notes

[10] Skíringssal ‘Skíringssalr’: The first known written evidence for the p. n. is in the OE Ælfredian Orosius (late C9th), where it is called Sciringes heale ‘Sciring’s haugh/hale’ (Bately 2008, 47, 55). The second element appears to be the dat. sg. of OE h(e)alh ‘a nook of land, a corner of land, a water-meadow’ (Smith 1956, I, 223), but it could be a spelling or a substitution for OE heall ‘hall’, which would correspond with ON salr ‘hall’. During the Middle Ages Skíringssalr was the name of a district in Vestfold called Tjølling today (Storm 1899, 113; Hkr 1893-1901, IV). Excavations between 1999 and 2001 revealed a man-made plateau north of the old commercial centre Kaupang. It is the site of a very large building measuring 9-10m by 32-34m, and accompanying artefacts indicate that it was the hall of a Viking-Age ruler. The layout corresponds to that of C8th halls from the Mälaren region inspired by the great C7th hall in (Gamla) Uppsala (Skre and Stylegar 2004, 65-71; Skre 2007b, 426-7). Skíringssalr is at present the only known hall site of this kind outside the Mälaren region, which may suggest that it was a direct imitation of the Uppsala hall.

grammar

Close

Log in

This service is only available to members of the relevant projects, and to purchasers of the skaldic volumes published by Brepols.
This service uses cookies. By logging in you agree to the use of cookies on your browser.

Close

Word in text

This view shows information about an instance of a word in a text.