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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞGísl Búdr 12I/7 — eyðis ‘destroyer’

Felldi Vagn virða;
valði of nái stirða
hrafn inn hvassleiti;
hrundi á borð sveiti.
Þess réð þó dála
— þrymr vas hôr stála —
eyðis undglóða
Eirekr skip hrjóða.

Vagn felldi virða; inn hvassleiti hrafn valði of stirða nái; sveiti hrundi á borð. Eirekr réð þó hrjóða dála skip þess eyðis undglóða; þrymr stála vas hôr.

Vagn felled warriors; the sharp-eyed raven chose between stiff corpses; blood flowed onto the gunwale. Eiríkr managed nevertheless to clear completely the ship of that destroyer of wound-embers [SWORDS > WARRIOR = Vagn]; the din of steel weapons [BATTLE] was loud.

readings

[7] eyðis: eyðir Bb

notes

[7] eyðis undglóða ‘destroyer of the wound-embers [SWORDS > WARRIOR]’: (a) The reading und ‘wound’ is preferred here, as in Skj B. It is preserved in 53, 54 and Bb, representing two classes within the ÓT stemma, and produces an acceptable sword-kenning (cf. Meissner 159-60 for parallels) which forms the determinant of a tvíkent warrior-kenning and reinforces the theme of battle. (b) The 61 reading unn ‘wave’ is also possible. It produces eyðis unnglóða ‘destroyer of wave-embers [GOLD > GENEROUS MAN]’ and is well paralleled (Meissner 229-37); it is adopted in Skald and Ólafur Halldórsson (2000).

kennings

grammar

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