Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Nkt 40II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Anonymous Poems, Nóregs konungatal 40’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 787.

Anonymous PoemsNóregs konungatal

Tók friðsamr
til fǫðurleifðar
ok ársæll
Óláfr kyrri.
Sá réð* gramr
grýttri foldu
samfast ve*tr
sjau ok tuttugu.

Friðsamr ok ársæll Óláfr kyrri tók til fǫðurleifðar. Sá gramr réð* grýttri foldu samfast sjau ok tuttugu ve*tr.

Peaceful and prosperous Óláfr kyrri (‘the Quiet’) assumed his paternal inheritance. That lord ruled the rocky ground continuously for seven and twenty years.

Mss: Flat(144vb)

Readings: [5] réð*: ræðr Flat    [7] ve*tr: vestr Flat

Editions: Skj AI, 585, Skj BI, 583, Skald I, 283; Flat 1860-8 II, 524.

Notes: [All]: Óláfr kyrri Haraldsson ruled Norway jointly with his brother Magnús (d. 28 April 1069) for two years and was sole ruler until his death in 1093. — [4] kyrri ‘(“the Quiet”)’: Óláfr’s nickname is also recorded in Mork (Mork 1928-32, 288) and in ÓlkyrrHkr (ÍF 28, 208). He is also known as bóndi ‘Farmer’ (so Fsk, ÍF 29, 296; ÓlkyrrHkr, ÍF 28, 208). Both nicknames reflect the peace and prosperity of Óláfr’s reign. See also Steinn Óldr. — [5] réð* ‘ruled’: The Flat form of this verb, ræðr, is 3rd pers. sg. pres. indic. (‘rules’), which makes no sense in the context. — [7] ve*tr ‘years’: Vestr ‘in the west’ (so Flat) makes no sense in the context, and the emendation follows earlier eds.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  3. Flat 1860-8 = Gudbrand Vigfusson [Guðbrandur Vigfússon] and C. R. Unger, eds. 1860-8. Flateyjarbók. En samling af norske konge-sagaer med indskudte mindre fortællinger om begivenheder i og udenfor Norge samt annaler. 3 vols. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  4. Mork 1928-32 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1928-32. Morkinskinna. SUGNL 53. Copenhagen: Jørgensen.
  5. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  6. ÍF 29 = Ágrip af Nóregskonunga sǫgum; Fagrskinna—Nóregs konungatal. Ed. Bjarni Einarsson. 1985.
  7. Internal references
  8. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Fagrskinna (Fsk)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clix-clxi.
  9. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Steinn Herdísarson, Óláfsdrápa’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 367-81.

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