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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Okík Magn 1II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Oddr kíkinaskáld, Poem about Magnús góði 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 32.

Oddr kíkinaskáldPoem about Magnús góði
12

Vas fyr Míkjálsmessu
malmgrimm háið rimma;
fellu Vinðr, en vǫnðusk
vápnhljóði mjǫk þjóðir.
Enn fyr jól vas ǫnnur
óhlítulig lítlu
— upp hófsk grimm með gumnum
gunnr — fyr Árós sunnan.

Malmgrimm rimma vas háið fyr Míkjálsmessu; Vinðr fellu, en þjóðir vǫnðusk mjǫk vápnhljóði. Enn lítlu fyr jól vas ǫnnur, óhlítulig, fyr sunnan Árós; grimm gunnr hófsk upp með gumnum.

A sword-grim battle was waged before Michaelmas; Wends fell, and people became much accustomed to weapon-sound. And shortly before Christmas there was another [battle], by no means trivial, south of Århus; grim fighting erupted among men.

Mss: (519r), 39(18ra), F(41va), E(9v), J2ˣ(256r) (Hkr); H(13r), Hr(11rb) (H-Hr); Flat(191vb) (Flat)

Readings: [1] Vas: so Hr, Vás Kˣ, F, ‘Vass’ 39, Vann E, J2ˣ, Var H, Varð Flat;    Míkjáls‑: so 39, F, E, J2ˣ, ‘Michials’ Kˣ, ‘mikaels’ H, Hr, ‘micels’ Flat;    ‑messu: om. E    [2] malm‑: mann‑ E, H, Hr, marg‑ Flat;    háið: so 39, F, H, Flat, hátt Kˣ, E, J2ˣ, háin Hr    [3] Vinðr: vindir Hr, vindar Flat    [4] vápnhljóði mjǫk þjóðir: valtafni þar hrafnar H, Hr, valtafni þeir hrafnar Flat;    ‑hljóði: hljóðr J2ˣ    [5] vas (‘var’): varð H, Hr, Flat    [6] ó‑: æ‑ Flat    [7] grimm: om. Flat    [8] gunnr: gunn J2ˣ;    sunnan: om. Hr

Editions: Skj AI, 354-5, Skj BI, 327, Skald I, 165; ÍF 28, 63-4 (Mgóð ch. 35); F 1871, 191, E 1916, 32; Fms 6, 90 (Mgóð ch. 41); Flat 1860-8, III, 284, Mork 1928-32, 51, Andersson and Gade 2000, 125, 470 (MH).

Context: Magnús engaged in battles in Denmark at Lyrskovshede (present-day Lürschau, some kilometres north of Schleswig) against the Wends and south of Århus against Sveinn Úlfsson.

Notes: [All]: For these battles, see also Arn Hryn 11-15, Arn Magndr 8-18, ÞjóðA Magnfl 6-19, and ÞjóðA Magn 1-14. — [1] Míkjálsmessu ‘Michaelmas’: 29 September. — [2] malmgrimm ‘sword-grim’: Lit. ‘iron-grim’. This reading is preferable to those of E, H, Hr (manngrimm ‘man-grim’) and Flat (marggrimm ‘much-grim’). — [3-4] en þjóðir vǫnðusk mjǫk vápnhljóði ‘and people became much accustomed to weapon-sound’: The variant en hrafnar vǫnðusk valtafni þar ‘and ravens became accustomed to corpse-food there’ (so H, Hr) is an equally good reading, which may represent the Mork version (cf. Flat en þeir hrafnar vǫnðusk valtafni ‘and the ravens became accustomed to corpse-food’). — [6] óhlítulig ‘by no means trivial’: For a discussion of this word and its cognates, see Note to Arn Hardr 11/4. — [8] Árós ‘Århus’: Located in Jylland (Jutland), Denmark.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. Andersson, Theodore M. and Kari Ellen Gade, trans. 2000. Morkinskinna: The Earliest Icelandic Chronicle of the Norwegian Kings (1030-1157). Islandica 51. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
  5. Flat 1860-8 = Gudbrand Vigfusson [Guðbrandur Vigfússon] and C. R. Unger, eds. 1860-8. Flateyjarbók. En samling af norske konge-sagaer med indskudte mindre fortællinger om begivenheder i og udenfor Norge samt annaler. 3 vols. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  6. Mork 1928-32 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1928-32. Morkinskinna. SUGNL 53. Copenhagen: Jørgensen.
  7. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  8. F 1871 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1871. Fríssbók: Codex Frisianus. En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  9. E 1916 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1916. Eirspennill: AM 47 fol. Nóregs konunga sǫgur: Magnús góði – Hákon gamli. Kristiania (Oslo): Den norske historiske kildeskriftskommission.
  10. Internal references
  11. Not published: do not cite (MHII)
  12. Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, Haraldsdrápa 11’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 272-3.
  13. Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, Hrynhenda, Magnússdrápa 11’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 196-7.
  14. Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, Magnússdrápa 8’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 217.
  15. Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Stanzas about Magnús Óláfsson in Danaveldi 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 88-9.
  16. Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Magnússflokkr 6’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 70-2.
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