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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Sól 13VII

Carolyne Larrington and Peter Robinson (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Sólarljóð 13’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 304.

Anonymous PoemsSólarljóð
121314

Daprar ‘gloomy’

dapr (adj.): gloomy

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þeim ‘for them’

hann (pron.; °gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana): he, she, it, they, them...

[1] þeim: so papp15ˣ, 738ˣ, 167b 6ˣ, 1441ˣ, 10575ˣ, 2797ˣ, þær 166bˣ

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dimmu ‘dark’

dimmr (adj.; °superl. -astr): dark

[2] dimmu: dökkvu 214ˣ

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nætr ‘nights’

nótt (noun f.): night

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sætan ‘sweet’

sœtr (adj.): sweet

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[3] sætan ‘sweet’: This adj. has no noun referent. Svefn m. ‘sleep’ or a similar word is implied.

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sofa ‘sleep’

sofa (verb): sleep

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af ‘from’

af (prep.): from

[4] af: gaf 167b 6ˣ

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millum ‘between’

millum (prep.): between

[6] millum: milli 214ˣ, 10575ˣ

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virkta ‘affectionate’

virkð (noun f.; °; -ir): [affectionate, very] < virkðavinr (noun m.)

[6] virktavina: ‘virta’ 166bˣ, virtra papp15ˣ, 738ˣ, 167b 6ˣ, 214ˣ, 1441ˣ, 10575ˣ, ‘virtar’ 2797ˣ

notes

[6] virkta- ‘dear, kind, affectionate’: Some kind of emendation is necessary here, as 166bˣ’s ‘virta’ does not give sense. ‘Virtra’ ‘honoured’, possibly a correction of ‘virta’, is found in 32 mss including papp15ˣ and 738ˣ, but does not give very good sense in context. Virkta- is assumed here to be the first element of a cpd virktavinr (cf. Fritzner: virktavinr), the adv. virkta, formed from the gen. pl. of virkt f. ‘tender care, affection’, This emendation was first proposed by Munch (1847, 179), and adopted by Falk, Björn M. Ólsen, Fidjestøl, Njörður Njarðvík (1991) and Skj B (virkða vina). Kock (Skald and NN §1272) emends to millum virkra vina ‘between valued friends’.

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vina ‘friends’

vinr (noun m.; °-ar, dat. -/(-i OsvReyk 92.17); -ir): friend < virkðavinr (noun m.)

[6] virktavina: ‘virta’ 166bˣ, virtra papp15ˣ, 738ˣ, 167b 6ˣ, 214ˣ, 1441ˣ, 10575ˣ, ‘virtar’ 2797ˣ

notes

[6] virkta- ‘dear, kind, affectionate’: Some kind of emendation is necessary here, as 166bˣ’s ‘virta’ does not give sense. ‘Virtra’ ‘honoured’, possibly a correction of ‘virta’, is found in 32 mss including papp15ˣ and 738ˣ, but does not give very good sense in context. Virkta- is assumed here to be the first element of a cpd virktavinr (cf. Fritzner: virktavinr), the adv. virkta, formed from the gen. pl. of virkt f. ‘tender care, affection’, This emendation was first proposed by Munch (1847, 179), and adopted by Falk, Björn M. Ólsen, Fidjestøl, Njörður Njarðvík (1991) and Skj B (virkða vina). Kock (Skald and NN §1272) emends to millum virkra vina ‘between valued friends’.

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