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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Pl 57VII

Jonna Louis-Jensen and Tarrin Wills (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Plácitusdrápa 57’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 218.

Anonymous PoemsPlácitusdrápa
565758

grœnnar ‘of the green’

2. grœnn (adj.; °superl. grǿnastr/grǿnstr): green

kennings

ítrum, snjǫllum gram … grœnnar jarðar,
‘to the glorious, brave ruler … of the green earth, ’
   = God

… of the green earth, → SKY/HEAVEN
to the glorious, brave ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

grœnnar ‘of the green’

2. grœnn (adj.; °superl. grǿnastr/grǿnstr): green

kennings

ítrum, snjǫllum gram … grœnnar jarðar,
‘to the glorious, brave ruler … of the green earth, ’
   = God

… of the green earth, → SKY/HEAVEN
to the glorious, brave ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

jarðar ‘earth’

jǫrð (noun f.; °jarðar, dat. -u; jarðir/jarðar(DN I (1367) 304Š)): ground, earth

kennings

ítrum, snjǫllum gram … grœnnar jarðar,
‘to the glorious, brave ruler … of the green earth, ’
   = God

… of the green earth, → SKY/HEAVEN
to the glorious, brave ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

jarðar ‘earth’

jǫrð (noun f.; °jarðar, dat. -u; jarðir/jarðar(DN I (1367) 304Š)): ground, earth

kennings

ítrum, snjǫllum gram … grœnnar jarðar,
‘to the glorious, brave ruler … of the green earth, ’
   = God

… of the green earth, → SKY/HEAVEN
to the glorious, brave ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

fug ‘the noble ones’

gǫfugr (adj.; °gǫfgan/gǫfugan; compar. gǫfgari/gǫfugri, superl. gǫfgastr/gǫfugstr/gǫfugastr): noble, glorious

[2] fug es …izk: ‘go[...]o[...]esck’ 673b, ‘gott[...]resck’ 673bÞH, ‘goþu[...]resck’ 673bHE, ‘go[...]esck’ 673bFJ

notes

[2] esfug ‘when the noble ones’: Emendation proposed by Jón Helgason 1932-3.

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es ‘when’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

[2] fug es …izk: ‘go[...]o[...]esck’ 673b, ‘gott[...]resck’ 673bÞH, ‘goþu[...]resck’ 673bHE, ‘go[...]esck’ 673bFJ

notes

[2] esfug ‘when the noble ones’: Emendation proposed by Jón Helgason 1932-3.

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…izk ‘…’

(non-lexical)

[2] fug es …izk: ‘go[...]o[...]esck’ 673b, ‘gott[...]resck’ 673bÞH, ‘goþu[...]resck’ 673bHE, ‘go[...]esck’ 673bFJ

notes

[2] …izk: Finnur (Skj A) conjectured fundizk ‘been reunited’ for this lacuna, but there is no evidence from the hendingar or alliteration.

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hǫfðu ‘had’

hafa (verb): have

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ítrum ‘to the glorious’

ítr (adj.): glorious

kennings

ítrum, snjǫllum gram … grœnnar jarðar,
‘to the glorious, brave ruler … of the green earth, ’
   = God

… of the green earth, → SKY/HEAVEN
to the glorious, brave ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

ǫll ‘They all’

allr (adj.): all

[4] ǫll …: ‘[...]’ 673b, 673bÞH, ‘[...]gu’ 673bFJ

notes

[3] ǫll ‘all’: Emendation proposed by Finnur Jónsson 1887. Although the ms. is illegible here, ǫll is very likely to be the correct reading on the basis of the rhyme and alliteration.

Close

‘…’

(non-lexical)

[4] ǫll …: ‘[...]’ 673b, 673bÞH, ‘[...]gu’ 673bFJ

kennings

ítrum, snjǫllum gram … grœnnar jarðar,
‘to the glorious, brave ruler … of the green earth, ’
   = God

… of the green earth, → SKY/HEAVEN
to the glorious, brave ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[4] : Jón Helgason 1932-3, who thought he could make out two <a>s, proposed tjalda ‘of the tents’ here. Finnur Jónsson 1887 (but not Skj A) read the last two letters of the word as <gu>.

Close

‘…’

(non-lexical)

[4] ǫll …: ‘[...]’ 673b, 673bÞH, ‘[...]gu’ 673bFJ

kennings

ítrum, snjǫllum gram … grœnnar jarðar,
‘to the glorious, brave ruler … of the green earth, ’
   = God

… of the green earth, → SKY/HEAVEN
to the glorious, brave ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[4] : Jón Helgason 1932-3, who thought he could make out two <a>s, proposed tjalda ‘of the tents’ here. Finnur Jónsson 1887 (but not Skj A) read the last two letters of the word as <gu>.

Close

gram ‘ruler’

1. gramr (noun m.): ruler

kennings

ítrum, snjǫllum gram … grœnnar jarðar,
‘to the glorious, brave ruler … of the green earth, ’
   = God

… of the green earth, → SKY/HEAVEN
to the glorious, brave ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

snjǫllum ‘brave’

snjallr (adj.): quick, resourceful, bold

kennings

ítrum, snjǫllum gram … grœnnar jarðar,
‘to the glorious, brave ruler … of the green earth, ’
   = God

… of the green earth, → SKY/HEAVEN
to the glorious, brave ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

rómu ‘the battle’

róma (noun f.): battle

Close

rekka ‘of men’

rekkr (noun m.; °; -ar): man, champion

[6] rekka sveit: ‘[...]’ 673b, 673bÞH, rekka sveit(?) 673bSE, ‘[...]it’ 673bFJ

notes

[7] rekka sveit ‘band of men’: This reading is found in Sveinbjörn Egilsson’s notes to the transcription of the poem, but is not incorporated into his text of Pl.

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sveit ‘band’

sveit (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): host, company

[6] rekka sveit: ‘[...]’ 673b, 673bÞH, rekka sveit(?) 673bSE, ‘[...]it’ 673bFJ

notes

[7] rekka sveit ‘band of men’: This reading is found in Sveinbjörn Egilsson’s notes to the transcription of the poem, but is not incorporated into his text of Pl.

Close

teitri ‘the cheerful’

teitr (adj.): glad

Close

sigr ‘the victory’

sigr (noun m.; °sigrs/sigrar, dat. sigri; sigrar): victory < sigrgladdr (adj.)

kennings

sigrgladdr sóknstœrandi
‘the victory-glad attack-increaser ’
   = WARRIOR

the victory-glad attack-increaser → WARRIOR
Close

gladdr ‘glad’

2. glaðr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): cheerful, glad < sigrgladdr (adj.)

kennings

sigrgladdr sóknstœrandi
‘the victory-glad attack-increaser ’
   = WARRIOR

the victory-glad attack-increaser → WARRIOR
Close

prýddri ‘adorned’

prýða (verb): adorn

[7] prýddri: ‘[...]rvd[...]’ 673b, ‘[...]ruþ[...]’ 673bÞH, ‘[...]rvd[...]’ 673bFJ

notes

[7] prýddri ‘adorned’: Emendation proposed by Finnur Jónsson 1887.

Close

sókn ‘attack’

sókn (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): attack, fight < sóknstœrandi (noun m.)

[8] sóknstœrandi: ‘[...]nde’ 673b, ‘[...]ande’ 673bÞH, 673bFJ, sóknstærandi(?) 673bSE

kennings

sigrgladdr sóknstœrandi
‘the victory-glad attack-increaser ’
   = WARRIOR

the victory-glad attack-increaser → WARRIOR
Close

stœrandi ‘increaser’

stœrandi (noun m.): [increaser, sweller] < sóknstœrandi (noun m.)

[8] sóknstœrandi: ‘[...]nde’ 673b, ‘[...]ande’ 673bÞH, 673bFJ, sóknstærandi(?) 673bSE

kennings

sigrgladdr sóknstœrandi
‘the victory-glad attack-increaser ’
   = WARRIOR

the victory-glad attack-increaser → WARRIOR
Close

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