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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Pl 48VII

Jonna Louis-Jensen and Tarrin Wills (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Plácitusdrápa 48’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 211.

Anonymous PoemsPlácitusdrápa
474849

harðan ‘vigorously’

harðr (adj.; °comp. -ari; superl. -astr): hard, harsh

[1] harðan: ‘h[...]þan’ 673b, ‘harþan’ 673bÞH, 673bFJ

Close

hyr ‘of the fire’

hyrr (noun m.): fire < hyrþróttr (noun m.)

kennings

Odda þings hyr-Þróttr
‘fire-Þróttr of the assembly of spears’
   = WARRIOR

the assembly of spears → BATTLE
the fire of the BATTLE → SWORD
The Þróttr of the SWORD → WARRIOR
Close

hyr ‘of the fire’

hyrr (noun m.): fire < hyrþróttr (noun m.)

kennings

Odda þings hyr-Þróttr
‘fire-Þróttr of the assembly of spears’
   = WARRIOR

the assembly of spears → BATTLE
the fire of the BATTLE → SWORD
The Þróttr of the SWORD → WARRIOR
Close

Þróttr ‘The Þróttr’

2. Þróttr (noun m.): Þróttr < hyrþróttr (noun m.)

kennings

Odda þings hyr-Þróttr
‘fire-Þróttr of the assembly of spears’
   = WARRIOR

the assembly of spears → BATTLE
the fire of the BATTLE → SWORD
The Þróttr of the SWORD → WARRIOR
Close

odda ‘of spears’

oddr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): point of weapon

kennings

Odda þings hyr-Þróttr
‘fire-Þróttr of the assembly of spears’
   = WARRIOR

the assembly of spears → BATTLE
the fire of the BATTLE → SWORD
The Þróttr of the SWORD → WARRIOR
Close

odda ‘of spears’

oddr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): point of weapon

kennings

Odda þings hyr-Þróttr
‘fire-Þróttr of the assembly of spears’
   = WARRIOR

the assembly of spears → BATTLE
the fire of the BATTLE → SWORD
The Þróttr of the SWORD → WARRIOR
Close

odda ‘of spears’

oddr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): point of weapon

kennings

Odda þings hyr-Þróttr
‘fire-Þróttr of the assembly of spears’
   = WARRIOR

the assembly of spears → BATTLE
the fire of the BATTLE → SWORD
The Þróttr of the SWORD → WARRIOR
Close

þings ‘of the assembly’

þing (noun n.; °-s; -): meeting, assembly

kennings

Odda þings hyr-Þróttr
‘fire-Þróttr of the assembly of spears’
   = WARRIOR

the assembly of spears → BATTLE
the fire of the BATTLE → SWORD
The Þróttr of the SWORD → WARRIOR
Close

þings ‘of the assembly’

þing (noun n.; °-s; -): meeting, assembly

kennings

Odda þings hyr-Þróttr
‘fire-Þróttr of the assembly of spears’
   = WARRIOR

the assembly of spears → BATTLE
the fire of the BATTLE → SWORD
The Þróttr of the SWORD → WARRIOR
Close

þings ‘of the assembly’

þing (noun n.; °-s; -): meeting, assembly

kennings

Odda þings hyr-Þróttr
‘fire-Þróttr of the assembly of spears’
   = WARRIOR

the assembly of spears → BATTLE
the fire of the BATTLE → SWORD
The Þróttr of the SWORD → WARRIOR
Close

eyddi ‘harried’

2. eyða (verb; °-dd-): destroy

[3] eyddi: ‘[...]de’ 673b, ‘eydde’ 673bSE, 673bFJ, ‘rydde’ 673bÞH

Close

heruð ‘districts’

herað (noun n.; °-s; heruð): district

[4] heruð: ‘horoþ’ 673b

Close

þats ‘which’

1. sá (pron.; °gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---): that (one), those

[5] þats réðu: ‘þat[...]’ 673b, 673bÞH, ‘þat er reþo’(?) 673bSE, ‘þat es reþo’ 673bFJ

Close

réðu ‘had’

ráða (verb): advise, rule, interpret, decide

[5] þats réðu: ‘þat[...]’ 673b, 673bÞH, ‘þat er reþo’(?) 673bSE, ‘þat es reþo’ 673bFJ

Close

rand ‘of the shield’

rǫnd (noun f.; °dat. -/-u; rendr/randir): shield, shield-rim < randlinnr (noun m.)

kennings

stafar randlinns
‘the staves of the shield-serpent ’
   = WARRIORS

the shield-serpent → SWORD
the staves of the SWORD → WARRIORS
Close

rand ‘of the shield’

rǫnd (noun f.; °dat. -/-u; rendr/randir): shield, shield-rim < randlinnr (noun m.)

kennings

stafar randlinns
‘the staves of the shield-serpent ’
   = WARRIORS

the shield-serpent → SWORD
the staves of the SWORD → WARRIORS
Close

linns ‘serpent’

linnr (noun m.): snake < randlinnr (noun m.)

kennings

stafar randlinns
‘the staves of the shield-serpent ’
   = WARRIORS

the shield-serpent → SWORD
the staves of the SWORD → WARRIORS
Close

linns ‘serpent’

linnr (noun m.): snake < randlinnr (noun m.)

kennings

stafar randlinns
‘the staves of the shield-serpent ’
   = WARRIORS

the shield-serpent → SWORD
the staves of the SWORD → WARRIORS
Close

stafar ‘the staves’

stafr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ir): staff, post, stave, stick

kennings

stafar randlinns
‘the staves of the shield-serpent ’
   = WARRIORS

the shield-serpent → SWORD
the staves of the SWORD → WARRIORS
Close

goðs ‘God’s’

1. guð (noun m.; °***guðrs, guðis, gus): (Christian) God

kennings

þegn goðs
‘God’s retainer ’
   = HOLY MAN

God’s retainer → HOLY MAN
Close

þegn ‘retainer’

þegn (noun m.; °dat. -/-i; -ar): thane, man, franklin

kennings

þegn goðs
‘God’s retainer ’
   = HOLY MAN

God’s retainer → HOLY MAN
Close

vildi ‘wished’

vilja (verb): want, intend

[7] vildi: ‘[...]lde’ 673b, ‘vildi’(?) 673bSE, ‘vallde’ 673bÞH, ‘valde’ 673bFJ

Close

gjalfr ‘of the sea’

gjalfr (noun n.; °-s): surge, waves < gjalfrhestr (noun m.)

[8] gjalfrhests: ‘giafr hestc’ 673b, 673bFJ, ‘giafr betsc’ 673bÞH

kennings

metendr gjalfrhests
‘the appraisers of the sea-stallion ’
   = SEAFARERS

the sea-stallion → SHIP
the appraisers of the SHIP → SEAFARERS
Close

gjalfr ‘of the sea’

gjalfr (noun n.; °-s): surge, waves < gjalfrhestr (noun m.)

[8] gjalfrhests: ‘giafr hestc’ 673b, 673bFJ, ‘giafr betsc’ 673bÞH

kennings

metendr gjalfrhests
‘the appraisers of the sea-stallion ’
   = SEAFARERS

the sea-stallion → SHIP
the appraisers of the SHIP → SEAFARERS
Close

hests ‘stallion’

hestr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): horse, stallion < gjalfrhestr (noun m.)

[8] gjalfrhests: ‘giafr hestc’ 673b, 673bFJ, ‘giafr betsc’ 673bÞH

kennings

metendr gjalfrhests
‘the appraisers of the sea-stallion ’
   = SEAFARERS

the sea-stallion → SHIP
the appraisers of the SHIP → SEAFARERS
Close

hests ‘stallion’

hestr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): horse, stallion < gjalfrhestr (noun m.)

[8] gjalfrhests: ‘giafr hestc’ 673b, 673bFJ, ‘giafr betsc’ 673bÞH

kennings

metendr gjalfrhests
‘the appraisers of the sea-stallion ’
   = SEAFARERS

the sea-stallion → SHIP
the appraisers of the SHIP → SEAFARERS
Close

metendr ‘the appraisers’

metandi (noun m.; °; -endr): valuer

kennings

metendr gjalfrhests
‘the appraisers of the sea-stallion ’
   = SEAFARERS

the sea-stallion → SHIP
the appraisers of the SHIP → SEAFARERS
Close

festu ‘fixed’

2. festa (verb): fasten, betrothe, promise

[8] festu: ‘(f)esto’(?) 673b, 673bFJ, ‘lesto’ 673bÞH

Close

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