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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Pl 23VII

Jonna Louis-Jensen and Tarrin Wills (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Plácitusdrápa 23’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 196.

Anonymous PoemsPlácitusdrápa
222324

sveinn ‘[One] boy’

sveinn (noun m.; °sveins; sveinar): boy, servant, attendant

[1] sveinn: ‘svenn’ 673b

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hjarðar ‘of the herd’

hjǫrð (noun f.; °hjarðar, dat. -/-u; hjarðir/hjarðar): herd

[1] hjarðar: hirðar 673b

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gætis ‘guardian’

gætir (noun m.): guardian

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hug ‘’

hugr (noun m.): mind, thought, courage < hugstœðr (adj.)

notes

[2] hugstœðr ‘the hateful’: Finnur Jónsson (1887 and Skj A) read hugskœðr ‘evil-/injury-minded’ (the <t>/<c> is partially missing). Jón Helgason, however, was sure of the ‘t’ reading.

Close

stœðr ‘the hateful’

-stœðr (adj.): [hateful] < hugstœðr (adj.)

[2] ‑stœðr (‘‑støþr’): ‘‑scøþr’ 673bFJ

notes

[2] hugstœðr ‘the hateful’: Finnur Jónsson (1887 and Skj A) read hugskœðr ‘evil-/injury-minded’ (the <t>/<c> is partially missing). Jón Helgason, however, was sure of the ‘t’ reading.

Close

œzta ‘the most excellent’

œðri (adj. comp.): nobler, higher

[4] œzta: ‘øts(ta)’(?) 673b, ‘øtser’ 673bÞH, ‘øt[...]’ 673bFJ, ‘øt(sta)’(?) 673bSkj

Close

Fjǫr ‘of the life’

fjǫr (noun n.): life < fjǫrnæmr (adj.)

kennings

Bǫrvar fjǫrnæms fleins
‘Trees of the life-taking spear ’
   = WARRIORS

Trees of the life-taking spear → WARRIORS
Close

næms ‘taking’

næmr (adj.; °superl. -astr/-str): [practised, taking] < fjǫrnæmr (adj.)

kennings

Bǫrvar fjǫrnæms fleins
‘Trees of the life-taking spear ’
   = WARRIORS

Trees of the life-taking spear → WARRIORS
Close

bǫrvar ‘Trees’

bǫrr (noun m.): tree

[5] bǫrvar (‘bꜵrvar’): ‘borvar’ 673bÞH, ‘b[...]ruar’ 673bFJ

kennings

Bǫrvar fjǫrnæms fleins
‘Trees of the life-taking spear ’
   = WARRIORS

Trees of the life-taking spear → WARRIORS
Close

fleins ‘spear’

fleinn (noun m.; °dat. fleini): spear

kennings

Bǫrvar fjǫrnæms fleins
‘Trees of the life-taking spear ’
   = WARRIORS

Trees of the life-taking spear → WARRIORS
Close

glyggs ‘of the storm’

glygg (noun n.; °-s; -): storm

[7] glyggs hvatendr: ‘glygg ihꜹatendr’ 673b

kennings

hvatendr glyggs blóðíss
‘the hasteners of the storm of the blood-ice ’
   = WARRIORS

the blood-ice → SWORD
the storm of the SWORD → BATTLE
the hasteners of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

glyggs ‘of the storm’

glygg (noun n.; °-s; -): storm

[7] glyggs hvatendr: ‘glygg ihꜹatendr’ 673b

kennings

hvatendr glyggs blóðíss
‘the hasteners of the storm of the blood-ice ’
   = WARRIORS

the blood-ice → SWORD
the storm of the SWORD → BATTLE
the hasteners of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

hvatendr ‘the hasteners’

hvatandi (noun m.): inciter, hastener

[7] glyggs hvatendr: ‘glygg ihꜹatendr’ 673b

kennings

hvatendr glyggs blóðíss
‘the hasteners of the storm of the blood-ice ’
   = WARRIORS

the blood-ice → SWORD
the storm of the SWORD → BATTLE
the hasteners of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

blóð ‘of the blood’

blóð (noun n.; °-s): blood < blóðíss (noun m.): [blood-ice]

kennings

hvatendr glyggs blóðíss
‘the hasteners of the storm of the blood-ice ’
   = WARRIORS

the blood-ice → SWORD
the storm of the SWORD → BATTLE
the hasteners of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

blóð ‘of the blood’

blóð (noun n.; °-s): blood < blóðíss (noun m.): [blood-ice]

kennings

hvatendr glyggs blóðíss
‘the hasteners of the storm of the blood-ice ’
   = WARRIORS

the blood-ice → SWORD
the storm of the SWORD → BATTLE
the hasteners of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

blóð ‘of the blood’

blóð (noun n.; °-s): blood < blóðíss (noun m.): [blood-ice]

kennings

hvatendr glyggs blóðíss
‘the hasteners of the storm of the blood-ice ’
   = WARRIORS

the blood-ice → SWORD
the storm of the SWORD → BATTLE
the hasteners of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

íss ‘ice’

íss (noun m.; °íss; dat. ísi/ís; ísar): ice < blóðíss (noun m.): [blood-ice]

kennings

hvatendr glyggs blóðíss
‘the hasteners of the storm of the blood-ice ’
   = WARRIORS

the blood-ice → SWORD
the storm of the SWORD → BATTLE
the hasteners of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

íss ‘ice’

íss (noun m.; °íss; dat. ísi/ís; ísar): ice < blóðíss (noun m.): [blood-ice]

kennings

hvatendr glyggs blóðíss
‘the hasteners of the storm of the blood-ice ’
   = WARRIORS

the blood-ice → SWORD
the storm of the SWORD → BATTLE
the hasteners of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

íss ‘ice’

íss (noun m.; °íss; dat. ísi/ís; ísar): ice < blóðíss (noun m.): [blood-ice]

kennings

hvatendr glyggs blóðíss
‘the hasteners of the storm of the blood-ice ’
   = WARRIORS

the blood-ice → SWORD
the storm of the SWORD → BATTLE
the hasteners of the BATTLE → WARRIORS
Close

‘did not’

né (conj.): nor

Close

vissusk ‘know of one another’

1. vita (verb): know

Close

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