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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Pét 42VII

David McDougall (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Pétrsdrápa 42’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 833-4.

Anonymous PoemsPétrsdrápa
414243

föðurins ‘father’

faðir (noun m.): father

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sæta ‘of the beloved’

sœtr (adj.): sweet

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vára* ‘our’

várr (pron.; °f. ór/vár; pl. órir/várir): our

[3] vára*: ‘varrar’ 621

notes

[3] vára* ‘our’: Ms. ‘varrar’, agreeing with aldar ‘of mankind’ (l. 4).

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valdr ‘the ruler’

valdr (noun m.): ruler

kennings

valdr aldar
‘the ruler of mankind ’
   = God

the ruler of mankind → God
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aldar ‘of mankind’

ǫld (noun f.; °; aldir): people, age

kennings

valdr aldar
‘the ruler of mankind ’
   = God

the ruler of mankind → God
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Neitar ‘he denies’

1. neita (verb): refuse

notes

[5-6] neitar sitt nafn ‘he denies his name’: Cf. Matt. XXVI.69-74; Mark XIV.66-71; Luke XXII.55-60; John XVIII.17-18, 25-7; Pétr 14, esp. 14/19-22: Eptir orðum Augustini neitar eigi sa einn guði, er eigi kallaz kristinn, helldr ok hinn er eigi kallaz lærisveinn, þviat fyrrmeirr hetu þvi nafni allir rettruadir menn, aðr en hitt nafn kom upp i Antiochia ‘According to the words of Augustine, not only he who is not called Christian, but also the one who is not called disciple denies God, because formerly all men of orthodox faith were called by that name, before the other name originated in Antioch’; cf. Augustine, In Iohannis evangelium tractatus (in Willems 1954, 637/20-34).

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nafn ‘name’

nafn (noun n.; °-s; *-): name

notes

[5-6] neitar sitt nafn ‘he denies his name’: Cf. Matt. XXVI.69-74; Mark XIV.66-71; Luke XXII.55-60; John XVIII.17-18, 25-7; Pétr 14, esp. 14/19-22: Eptir orðum Augustini neitar eigi sa einn guði, er eigi kallaz kristinn, helldr ok hinn er eigi kallaz lærisveinn, þviat fyrrmeirr hetu þvi nafni allir rettruadir menn, aðr en hitt nafn kom upp i Antiochia ‘According to the words of Augustine, not only he who is not called Christian, but also the one who is not called disciple denies God, because formerly all men of orthodox faith were called by that name, before the other name originated in Antioch’; cf. Augustine, In Iohannis evangelium tractatus (in Willems 1954, 637/20-34).

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nauðigur ‘Reluctant’

nauðigr (adj.; °nauðgan; superl. nauðgastr): reluctant(ly), under duress

notes

[6] nauðigur ‘reluctant’: Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) prints nauðigr and introduces er between sitt and dauðans to gain an extra syllable in the l. He reads er ambátt spurði ‘when the maidservant asked (him)’. Kock (NN §1744) inserts þá instead in the same place (which he takes with the first cl.: þá neitar hann). Emendation is unnecessary if one assumes trisyllabic nauðigur. Cf. Note to st. 4/2.

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sitt ‘his’

3. sinn (pron.; °f. sín, n. sitt): (refl. poss. pron.)

notes

[5-6] neitar sitt nafn ‘he denies his name’: Cf. Matt. XXVI.69-74; Mark XIV.66-71; Luke XXII.55-60; John XVIII.17-18, 25-7; Pétr 14, esp. 14/19-22: Eptir orðum Augustini neitar eigi sa einn guði, er eigi kallaz kristinn, helldr ok hinn er eigi kallaz lærisveinn, þviat fyrrmeirr hetu þvi nafni allir rettruadir menn, aðr en hitt nafn kom upp i Antiochia ‘According to the words of Augustine, not only he who is not called Christian, but also the one who is not called disciple denies God, because formerly all men of orthodox faith were called by that name, before the other name originated in Antioch’; cf. Augustine, In Iohannis evangelium tractatus (in Willems 1954, 637/20-34).

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orð ‘the word’

orð (noun n.; °-s; -): word

notes

[7-8] orð guðs angrs ‘the word of God’s sorrow’: = God’s sorrowful word (NN §1744). On this type of construction, see NN §1007B.

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guðs ‘of God’s’

1. guð (noun m.; °***guðrs, guðis, gus): (Christian) God

notes

[7-8] orð guðs angrs ‘the word of God’s sorrow’: = God’s sorrowful word (NN §1744). On this type of construction, see NN §1007B.

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ambátt ‘the maidservant’

ambátt (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir/-ar (ambottor EiðKrA 391²²)): handmaid

notes

[7] ambátt spurði ‘the maidservant asked’: Cf. Pétr 14/2: ambatt, su er dura geymdi ‘the maidservant who kept the door’ (= John XVIII.17 ancilla ostiaria ‘the maidservant who was portress’).

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spurði ‘asked’

spyrja (verb; spurði): ask; hear, find out

notes

[7] ambátt spurði ‘the maidservant asked’: Cf. Pétr 14/2: ambatt, su er dura geymdi ‘the maidservant who kept the door’ (= John XVIII.17 ancilla ostiaria ‘the maidservant who was portress’).

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angrs ‘sorrow’

2. angr (noun n.): grief, sin

notes

[7-8] orð guðs angrs ‘the word of God’s sorrow’: = God’s sorrowful word (NN §1744). On this type of construction, see NN §1007B.

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varð ‘had’

1. verða (verb): become, be

notes

[8] varð að ganga framm ‘had to be fulfilled’: Cf. Matt. XXVI.34, 75; Mark XIV.30, 72; Luke XXII.34, 61.

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framm ‘fulfilled’

fram (adv.): out, forth, forwards, away

notes

[8] varð að ganga framm ‘had to be fulfilled’: Cf. Matt. XXVI.34, 75; Mark XIV.30, 72; Luke XXII.34, 61.

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‘to’

5. at (nota): to (with infinitive)

notes

[8] varð að ganga framm ‘had to be fulfilled’: Cf. Matt. XXVI.34, 75; Mark XIV.30, 72; Luke XXII.34, 61.

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ganga ‘be’

2. ganga (verb; geng, gekk, gengu, genginn): walk, go

notes

[8] varð að ganga framm ‘had to be fulfilled’: Cf. Matt. XXVI.34, 75; Mark XIV.30, 72; Luke XXII.34, 61.

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