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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mdr 13VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríudrápa 13’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 489-90.

Anonymous PoemsMáríudrápa
121314

Hrein ‘Pure’

2. hreinn (adj.; °compar. hreinari/hreinni, superl. hreinastr/hreinstr): pure

[1] Hrein: ‘’ corrected from ‘Heil’ in margin B

notes

[1] hrein fyld: B’s scribe originally wrote ‘Heil’ (probably the result of confusion with st. 14), but corrected this in the margin to ‘Hrein’. Finnur Jónsson emends to Fylld er in Skj B, doubtless to regularise the metre.

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fyld ‘filled’

fylla (verb): fill

notes

[1] hrein fyld: B’s scribe originally wrote ‘Heil’ (probably the result of confusion with st. 14), but corrected this in the margin to ‘Hrein’. Finnur Jónsson emends to Fylld er in Skj B, doubtless to regularise the metre.

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Máría ‘Mary’

María (noun f.): Mary

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andvarpa ‘weep’

andvarpa (verb; °-að-): [weep]

[2] andvarpa: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘andu[...]pa’ B

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‘…’

(non-lexical)

notes

[2] : B is illegible. Sveinbjörn Egilsson (n. to 444ˣ transcript) suggests emendation to sjúkir (m. nom. pl.) ‘sick’ construed with gumnar ‘men’, which suggestion was also made in a private communication from Finnur Jónsson to Rydberg. Skj B, however, does not attempt to reconstruct the l., while Skald reads sjúkum.

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til ‘for’

til (prep.): to

[3] til þín: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘[...]ín’ B

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þín ‘you’

þú (pron.; °gen. þín, dat. þér, acc. þik): you

[3] til þín: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘[...]ín’ B

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lýðs ‘of people’

lýðr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ir): one of the people

[3] lýðs: lýðr B

notes

[3] lýðs á láði: B’s reading, lýðr á láði, is possibly contaminated by Leið 30/7. The phrase also occurs at Leið 18/1, where the prep. is af. In each case, the phrase occupies the second part of the odd l. of the couplet and supplies the two alliterating stresses. Skj B retains lýðr.

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á ‘on’

3. á (prep.): on, at

notes

[3] lýðs á láði: B’s reading, lýðr á láði, is possibly contaminated by Leið 30/7. The phrase also occurs at Leið 18/1, where the prep. is af. In each case, the phrase occupies the second part of the odd l. of the couplet and supplies the two alliterating stresses. Skj B retains lýðr.

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láði ‘earth’

2. láð (noun n.): earth, land

notes

[3] lýðs á láði: B’s reading, lýðr á láði, is possibly contaminated by Leið 30/7. The phrase also occurs at Leið 18/1, where the prep. is af. In each case, the phrase occupies the second part of the odd l. of the couplet and supplies the two alliterating stresses. Skj B retains lýðr.

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lífs ‘life’

líf (noun n.; °-s; -): life < lífsvegr (noun m.)

notes

[4] lífsvegr ‘life-path’: Here interpreted with lýðs ‘of people’ as a kenning-like epithet for Mary. Skj B construes lífs vegr as ‘life’s honour’.

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vegr ‘path’

1. vegr (noun m.; °-s/-ar, dat. -i/-; -ar/-ir, gen. -a/-na, acc. -a/-i/-u): way, path, side < lífsvegr (noun m.)

notes

[4] lífsvegr ‘life-path’: Here interpreted with lýðs ‘of people’ as a kenning-like epithet for Mary. Skj B construes lífs vegr as ‘life’s honour’.

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drottning ‘queen’

dróttning (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-, acc. -u/-; -ar): queen

kennings

Dáðvís drottning seggja,
‘Deed-wise queen of men, ’
   = Mary

Deed-wise queen of men, → Mary
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seggja ‘of men’

seggr (noun m.; °; -ir): man

kennings

Dáðvís drottning seggja,
‘Deed-wise queen of men, ’
   = Mary

Deed-wise queen of men, → Mary
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dáð ‘Deed’

dáð (noun f.; °; -ir): feat, deed < dáðvíss (adj.)

kennings

Dáðvís drottning seggja,
‘Deed-wise queen of men, ’
   = Mary

Deed-wise queen of men, → Mary

notes

[6] dáðvís paradísar: The vís : paradís rhyme is also exploited in Has 24/6 and Lil 13/4. It is uncertain how paradísar ‘of Paradise’ should be construed here: it could form a Mary-kenning (so Attwood 1996a, 324), dáðvís drottning paradísar ‘deed-wise queen of Paradise [= Mary]’, but that would leave seggja without obvious connections. The rest of the st. is too fragmentary to allow further speculation.

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vís ‘wise’

1. víss (adj.): wise, certain(ly) < dáðvíss (adj.)

kennings

Dáðvís drottning seggja,
‘Deed-wise queen of men, ’
   = Mary

Deed-wise queen of men, → Mary

notes

[6] dáðvís paradísar: The vís : paradís rhyme is also exploited in Has 24/6 and Lil 13/4. It is uncertain how paradísar ‘of Paradise’ should be construed here: it could form a Mary-kenning (so Attwood 1996a, 324), dáðvís drottning paradísar ‘deed-wise queen of Paradise [= Mary]’, but that would leave seggja without obvious connections. The rest of the st. is too fragmentary to allow further speculation.

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paradísar ‘of Paradise’

paradís (noun f.; °-ar): paradise

notes

[6] dáðvís paradísar: The vís : paradís rhyme is also exploited in Has 24/6 and Lil 13/4. It is uncertain how paradísar ‘of Paradise’ should be construed here: it could form a Mary-kenning (so Attwood 1996a, 324), dáðvís drottning paradísar ‘deed-wise queen of Paradise [= Mary]’, but that would leave seggja without obvious connections. The rest of the st. is too fragmentary to allow further speculation.

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…eps ‘…’

(unknown)

[7] …eps: ‘[...]l(æ)ps’(?) BRydberg

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þó ‘though’

þó (adv.): though

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djöflar ‘devils’

djǫfull (noun m.; °djǫfuls, dat. djǫfli; djǫflar/djaflar): devil

[8] djöflar hamli: ‘‑lar hamle’ added in margin B

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hamli ‘may wound’

4. hamla (verb): [may wound]

[8] djöflar hamli: ‘‑lar hamle’ added in margin B

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

B is badly damaged, so earlier transcripts have been consulted to make some sense of the text, including Jón Sigurðsson’s readings in the 444ˣ transcript, and Sveinbjörn Egilsson’s emendation, suggested in a n. to that transcript, to lýðs in l. 3. Both Rydberg and Kock (NN §2674) engage in wholesale reconstruction.

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