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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þorm Lv 11I

R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Þormóðr Kolbrúnarskáld, Lausavísur 11’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 825.

Þormóðr KolbrúnarskáldLausavísur
101112

Flestr ‘Most people’

fleiri (adj. comp.; °superl. flestr): more, most

[1] Flestr: flest Flat, flestir Tóm

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of ‘’

4. of (particle): (before verb)

[1] of sér hvé fasta: sjá hvat festa Tóm

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sér ‘see’

2. sjá (verb): see

[1] of sér hvé fasta: sjá hvat festa Tóm

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hvé ‘how’

hvé (conj.): how

[1] of sér hvé fasta: sjá hvat festa Tóm

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fasta ‘with the fire’

fasti (noun m.; °; -ar): flame, fire

[1] of sér hvé fasta: sjá hvat festa Tóm

kennings

fasta túna barðs
‘with the fire of the homesteads of the prow ’
   = GOLD

the homesteads of the prow → SEA
with the fire of the SEA → GOLD
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hefk ‘I have’

hafa (verb): have

[2] hefk (‘hef ec’): á ek Tóm

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túna ‘of the homesteads’

tún (noun n.; °-s; -): homefield, enclosure

kennings

fasta túna barðs
‘with the fire of the homesteads of the prow ’
   = GOLD

the homesteads of the prow → SEA
with the fire of the SEA → GOLD
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túna ‘of the homesteads’

tún (noun n.; °-s; -): homefield, enclosure

kennings

fasta túna barðs
‘with the fire of the homesteads of the prow ’
   = GOLD

the homesteads of the prow → SEA
with the fire of the SEA → GOLD
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breiðum ‘the spacious’

breiðr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): broad, wide

[3] breiðum: brendum DG8

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barðs ‘of the prow’

barð (noun n.): prow, stern (of a ship)

[4] barðs: bars Tóm

kennings

fasta túna barðs
‘with the fire of the homesteads of the prow ’
   = GOLD

the homesteads of the prow → SEA
with the fire of the SEA → GOLD
Close

barðs ‘of the prow’

barð (noun n.): prow, stern (of a ship)

[4] barðs: bars Tóm

kennings

fasta túna barðs
‘with the fire of the homesteads of the prow ’
   = GOLD

the homesteads of the prow → SEA
with the fire of the SEA → GOLD
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þjóð ‘of the mighty’

þjóð (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir): people < þjóðkonungr (noun m.): mighty king

notes

[4] þjóðkonungs ‘of the mighty king’: On possible Anglo-Saxon influence on the skalds’ use of this word, see Note to Sigv Nesv 6/4. 

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konungs ‘king’

konungr (noun m.; °dat. -i, -s; -ar): king < þjóðkonungr (noun m.): mighty king

notes

[4] þjóðkonungs ‘of the mighty king’: On possible Anglo-Saxon influence on the skalds’ use of this word, see Note to Sigv Nesv 6/4. 

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Eld ‘for the flame’

eldr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-(HómÍsl¹‰(1993) 24v²⁴); -ar): fire

kennings

eld djúps,
‘for the flame of the deep, ’
   = GOLD

for the flame of the deep, → GOLD
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jǫfri ‘prince’

jǫfurr (noun m.): ruler, prince

[5] jǫfri: ‘jofari’ Tóm

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gjalda ‘to pay’

1. gjalda (verb): pay, repay

[5] gjalda: at gjalda DG8

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ungr ‘young’

ungr (adj.): young

notes

[6] ungr ‘[while] young’: Remarks on youthfulness are common, even conventional, in skaldic poetry. Þormóðr may in fact have been in his early thirties at this point in his life (cf. Lv 16/5, 7, 8). Emendation to dat. ungum was proposed by Valdimar Ásmundarson (Fbr 1899, 161). This would qualify jǫfri ‘prince’, in reference to Knútr, who was probably younger, as well as providing an extra syllable and allowing þeim es to contract to þeims, as is more usual. However, ungum would be unmetrical.

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djúps ‘of the deep’

djúp (noun n.; °-s; dat. -um): depth, the deep

kennings

eld djúps,
‘for the flame of the deep, ’
   = GOLD

for the flame of the deep, → GOLD
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berk ‘I bear’

3. bera (verb; °berr; bar, báru; borinn): bear, carry

notes

[7, 8] berk goll á bôðum greipum ‘I bear gold on both hands’: Bera goll ‘to bear gold’ also occurs, in a very similar context, in Sigv Berv 16/5II

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goll ‘gold’

gull (noun n.): gold

notes

[7, 8] berk goll á bôðum greipum ‘I bear gold on both hands’: Bera goll ‘to bear gold’ also occurs, in a very similar context, in Sigv Berv 16/5II

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á ‘on’

3. á (prep.): on, at

notes

[7, 8] berk goll á bôðum greipum ‘I bear gold on both hands’: Bera goll ‘to bear gold’ also occurs, in a very similar context, in Sigv Berv 16/5II

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greipum ‘hands’

greipr (noun m.): grip, hands

notes

[7, 8] berk goll á bôðum greipum ‘I bear gold on both hands’: Bera goll ‘to bear gold’ also occurs, in a very similar context, in Sigv Berv 16/5II

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ara ‘eagle’

1. ari (noun m.; °-a; -ar): eagle

[8] ara: ‘ar’ DG8

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bôðum ‘both’

báðir (pron.; °gen. beggja (báðra), nom./acc. n. bǽði): both

notes

[7, 8] berk goll á bôðum greipum ‘I bear gold on both hands’: Bera goll ‘to bear gold’ also occurs, in a very similar context, in Sigv Berv 16/5II

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

See Context to Lv 10. In all texts but Tóm, King Knútr gives Þormóðr a gold arm-ring in response to the previous stanza, then another as a result of the poet’s further prompting. Then Þormóðr delivers this stanza. In Tóm, Þormóðr recites it after being given a ring. There is no mention of a further gift from the king.

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