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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞjóðA Sex 17II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Sexstefja 17’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 130-1.

Þjóðólfr ArnórssonSexstefja
161718

Sogns ‘of Sogn’

Sogn (noun m.): Sogn-

[1] Sogns: ‘Sꜹngs’ Mork, Flat, H, Hr

kennings

gegnan gram Sogns
‘the upright lord of Sogn ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Haraldr

the upright lord of Sogn → NORWEGIAN KING = Haraldr

notes

[1] gram Sogns ‘the lord of Sogn [NORWEGIAN KING = Haraldr]’: The variant saungs (so Mork, Flat, H, Hr) would presumably be gen. sg. of sǫngr ‘song’ (as a variant to sǫngvar), but makes no sense in context.

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kvôðu ‘They said’

2. kveðja (verb): say, greet

[1] kvôðu: hǫfðu E

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gram ‘lord’

1. gramr (noun m.): ruler

kennings

gegnan gram Sogns
‘the upright lord of Sogn ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Haraldr

the upright lord of Sogn → NORWEGIAN KING = Haraldr

notes

[1] gram Sogns ‘the lord of Sogn [NORWEGIAN KING = Haraldr]’: The variant saungs (so Mork, Flat, H, Hr) would presumably be gen. sg. of sǫngr ‘song’ (as a variant to sǫngvar), but makes no sense in context.

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gegnan ‘the upright’

1. gegn (adj.; °compar. -ri, superl. -astr/-str): reliable

[1] gegnan: gegnann FskBˣ, gengin Mork, Hr, ganga Flat, genginn H

kennings

gegnan gram Sogns
‘the upright lord of Sogn ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Haraldr

the upright lord of Sogn → NORWEGIAN KING = Haraldr
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glæst ‘adorned’

glæsa (verb): adorn

[2] glæst: glæstar Flat

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sjau ‘seven’

sjau (num. cardinal): seven

[2] sjau tøgu: ‘taugu’ Flat

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tøgu ‘ty’

tíu (num. cardinal): ten

[2] sjau tøgu: ‘taugu’ Flat

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senn ‘at once’

senn (adv.): at once

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svip ‘fleeting’

svipr (noun m.): swinging, violent < svipstund (noun f.)

[3] svipstund: sviftu FskBˣ, FskAˣ

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stund ‘time’

stund (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir): time, hour < svipstund (noun f.)

[3] svipstund: sviftu FskBˣ, FskAˣ

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Sveins ‘of Sveinn’s’

2. Sveinn (noun m.): Sveinn

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hrjóða ‘cleared’

1. hrjóða (verb): clear, destroy

[4] hrjóða: so F, E, H, Hr, ‘rioð’ Kˣ, rjóða 39, J2ˣ, FskBˣ, FskAˣ, Flat, ‘hroþa’ Mork

notes

[4] hrjóða ‘cleared’: The inf. depends on kvðu ‘they said’, hence lit. ‘they said to clear’. The variant rjóða (where it is not merely a Norwegianism for hrjóða, as probably in the Fsk mss) also makes good sense: ‘redden (with blood)’.

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Defeated Danes flee the battle at the Nissan (Niz) estuary by boarding ships that have not been joined together as fighting platforms (or that they have cut free), but at least seventy of Sveinn’s ships are left behind.

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