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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞjóðA Magnfl 19II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Magnússflokkr 19’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 86-7.

Þjóðólfr ArnórssonMagnússflokkr
1819

góðu ‘with good’

góðr (adj.): good

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hildr ‘The battle’

1. hildr (noun f.): battle

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selr ‘gives’

4. selja (verb): hand over, sell, give

notes

[3, 4] selr mér fœri at þylja of sigr ‘gives me opportunity to recite about victory’: This is akin to Arnórr’s comment on Magnús providing him yrkisefni ‘material for composition’ (Arn Hryn 14). Such statements are not common, to judge from Kreutzer 1977, 196. The verb þylja is a derivative of þulr ‘sage’ (cf. þula ‘metrical catalogue’), but it probably functions as a generic term for performing poetry here (see Kreutzer 1977, 155-6).

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of ‘about’

3. of (prep.): around, from; too

notes

[3, 4] selr mér fœri at þylja of sigr ‘gives me opportunity to recite about victory’: This is akin to Arnórr’s comment on Magnús providing him yrkisefni ‘material for composition’ (Arn Hryn 14). Such statements are not common, to judge from Kreutzer 1977, 196. The verb þylja is a derivative of þulr ‘sage’ (cf. þula ‘metrical catalogue’), but it probably functions as a generic term for performing poetry here (see Kreutzer 1977, 155-6).

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sigr ‘victory’

sigr (noun m.; °sigrs/sigrar, dat. sigri; sigrar): victory

notes

[3, 4] selr mér fœri at þylja of sigr ‘gives me opportunity to recite about victory’: This is akin to Arnórr’s comment on Magnús providing him yrkisefni ‘material for composition’ (Arn Hryn 14). Such statements are not common, to judge from Kreutzer 1977, 196. The verb þylja is a derivative of þulr ‘sage’ (cf. þula ‘metrical catalogue’), but it probably functions as a generic term for performing poetry here (see Kreutzer 1977, 155-6).

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at ‘to’

5. at (nota): to (with infinitive)

notes

[3, 4] selr mér fœri at þylja of sigr ‘gives me opportunity to recite about victory’: This is akin to Arnórr’s comment on Magnús providing him yrkisefni ‘material for composition’ (Arn Hryn 14). Such statements are not common, to judge from Kreutzer 1977, 196. The verb þylja is a derivative of þulr ‘sage’ (cf. þula ‘metrical catalogue’), but it probably functions as a generic term for performing poetry here (see Kreutzer 1977, 155-6).

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þylja ‘recite’

þylja (verb): recite

notes

[3, 4] selr mér fœri at þylja of sigr ‘gives me opportunity to recite about victory’: This is akin to Arnórr’s comment on Magnús providing him yrkisefni ‘material for composition’ (Arn Hryn 14). Such statements are not common, to judge from Kreutzer 1977, 196. The verb þylja is a derivative of þulr ‘sage’ (cf. þula ‘metrical catalogue’), but it probably functions as a generic term for performing poetry here (see Kreutzer 1977, 155-6).

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sókn ‘the onslaught’

sókn (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): attack, fight < sóknstœrir (noun m.)

kennings

sóknstœrir
‘the onslaught-sweller ’
   = WARRIOR

the onslaught-sweller → WARRIOR
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stœrir ‘sweller’

stœrir (noun m.): increaser < sóknstœrir (noun m.)

[4] ‑stœrir mér fœri: ‑sterkr framarr merkjum H, ‘‑sterkum iofr merkívm’ Hr

kennings

sóknstœrir
‘the onslaught-sweller ’
   = WARRIOR

the onslaught-sweller → WARRIOR
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mér ‘me’

ek (pron.; °mín, dat. mér, acc. mik): I, me

[4] ‑stœrir mér fœri: ‑sterkr framarr merkjum H, ‘‑sterkum iofr merkívm’ Hr;    mér: so 39, F, E, J2ˣ, om.

notes

[3, 4] selr mér fœri at þylja of sigr ‘gives me opportunity to recite about victory’: This is akin to Arnórr’s comment on Magnús providing him yrkisefni ‘material for composition’ (Arn Hryn 14). Such statements are not common, to judge from Kreutzer 1977, 196. The verb þylja is a derivative of þulr ‘sage’ (cf. þula ‘metrical catalogue’), but it probably functions as a generic term for performing poetry here (see Kreutzer 1977, 155-6).

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fœri ‘opportunity’

fœri (noun n.): opportunity; tool, gear

[4] ‑stœrir mér fœri: ‑sterkr framarr merkjum H, ‘‑sterkum iofr merkívm’ Hr

notes

[3, 4] selr mér fœri at þylja of sigr ‘gives me opportunity to recite about victory’: This is akin to Arnórr’s comment on Magnús providing him yrkisefni ‘material for composition’ (Arn Hryn 14). Such statements are not common, to judge from Kreutzer 1977, 196. The verb þylja is a derivative of þulr ‘sage’ (cf. þula ‘metrical catalogue’), but it probably functions as a generic term for performing poetry here (see Kreutzer 1977, 155-6).

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rauð ‘reddened’

rjóða (verb): to redden

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buðlungr ‘The prince’

buðlungr (noun m.; °; -ar): king, prince

kennings

Buðlungr Þrœnda
‘The prince of the Þrœndir ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús

The prince of the Þrœndir → NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús
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Þrœnda ‘of the Þrœndir’

Þrœndr (noun m.; °; þrǿndir/þrǿndr): people from Tröndelag

kennings

Buðlungr Þrœnda
‘The prince of the Þrœndir ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús

The prince of the Þrœndir → NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús
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berr ‘carries’

3. bera (verb; °berr; bar, báru; borinn): bear, carry

[6] berr: ‘bǫrr’ J2ˣ, bar H, Hr

notes

[6, 8] berr hæra skjǫld ‘carries the higher shield’: The context suggests the sense ‘wins victory’ (so LP: skjǫldr); there is no evidence that this existed as a fixed idiom.

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íðula ‘ever’

iðula (adv.): [constantly, ever]

notes

[6] íðula ‘ever’: (a) This is taken here to qualify berr ‘carries’ (l. 6). (b) Finnur Jónsson (Hkr 1893-1901 and Skj B) takes it instead with rauð ‘reddened’ (l. 5), hence ‘repeatedly reddened’, so assuming interruption of l. 6, but Kock includes this in his list of erroneously construed adverbials in NN §806.

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síðan ‘afterwards’

síðan (adv.): later, then

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þrennin ‘threefold’

þrennr (adj.): three(fold)

[7] þrennin: þrennan H

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hæra ‘the higher’

3. hár (adj.; °-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr): high

[8] hæra: hǫggvinn E, J2ˣ

notes

[6, 8] berr hæra skjǫld ‘carries the higher shield’: The context suggests the sense ‘wins victory’ (so LP: skjǫldr); there is no evidence that this existed as a fixed idiom.

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skjǫld ‘shield’

skjǫldr (noun m.; °skjaldar/skildar, dat. skildi; skildir, acc. skjǫldu): shield

notes

[6, 8] berr hæra skjǫld ‘carries the higher shield’: The context suggests the sense ‘wins victory’ (so LP: skjǫldr); there is no evidence that this existed as a fixed idiom.

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at ‘in’

3. at (prep.): at, to

[8] at: á Hr

notes

[8] at gjǫldum ‘in repayment’: This seems the likeliest sense: Magnús prevails as a reward for his courage and effort. To take it with rauð in l. 5 and in the sense ‘in retribution’ seems less likely in the absence of any mention of a specific cause to punish his enemies.

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gjǫldum ‘repayment’

gjald (noun n.): payment, reward, return

notes

[8] at gjǫldum ‘in repayment’: This seems the likeliest sense: Magnús prevails as a reward for his courage and effort. To take it with rauð in l. 5 and in the sense ‘in retribution’ seems less likely in the absence of any mention of a specific cause to punish his enemies.

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

The sagas summarise Magnús’s successes in Denmark, and Okík Magn 1 and Arn Hryn 14 are quoted. The present st. follows the statement that Magnús fought three battles against Sveinn Úlfsson (only Hkr specifies three).

In H-Hr the st. is introduced, Sem hér segir ‘As it says here’ and Þjóðólfr is not named, so the implication would be that this is by Arnórr or else anonymous.

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