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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞjóðA Magn 9II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Stanzas about Magnús Óláfsson in Danaveldi 9’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 97.

Þjóðólfr ArnórssonStanzas about Magnús Óláfsson in Danaveldi
8910

Bauð Ôleifs sonr áðan
upp á land at standa;
gekk með manndýrð mikla
Magnús reiðr af skeiðum.
Snarr bað hilmir herja
— hérs skark — í Danmǫrku;
fleygir hvasst of hauga
hestr of Skáney vestan.

{Sonr Ôleifs} bauð áðan at standa upp á land; Magnús gekk reiðr með mikla manndýrð af skeiðum. Snarr hilmir bað herja í Danmǫrku; hérs skark; hestr fleygir hvasst of hauga vestan of Skáney.

{Óláfr’s son} [= Magnús] previously gave the order to advance onto the land; Magnús strode, angry, with great splendour from the ships. The bold ruler bade [them] go ravaging in Denmark; there is tumult here; the horse charges swiftly across the hills, from the west across Skåne.

Mss: (517v), 39(17vb), F(41rb), E(9r), J2ˣ(254v) (Hkr); H(12r-v), Hr(11ra) (H-Hr)

Readings: [2] standa: ‘stada’ H    [3] með: við F;    manndýrð: manna dýrð Hr    [5] bað: bauð E, J2ˣ    [6] hérs skark (‘her er scark’): ‘her er scarð’ J2ˣ, ‘hark vox’ H, Hr    [7] hvasst: hart H, Hr;    of (‘um’): með F, ór E, af J2ˣ, fyrir H, Hr    [8] Skáney: Skáni E, J2ˣ;    vestan: ‘vstan’ Hr

Editions: Skj AI, 367, Skj BI, 337-8, Skald I, 170, NN §855; Hkr 1893-1901, III, 65, IV, 203-4, ÍF 28, 59, Hkr 1991, 595 (Mgóð ch. 33), F 1871, 189, E 1916, 30; Fms 6, 86-7 (Mgóð ch. 40), Fms 12, 138.

Context: Magnús and company pursue Sveinn and his surviving troops far up into Skåne (Skáney), with little resistance from Sveinn’s men or the local farmers.

Notes: [6] í Danmǫrku ‘in Denmark’: This is here taken with herja ‘go ravaging’ in l. 1 (so also Kock in Skald and NN §855; ÍF 28 and Hkr 1991). This leaves hérs skark ‘there is tumult here’ as a complete cl. Finnur Jónsson in Skj B and Hkr 1893-1901 reads herja with of Skáney (see note on l. 8) and hérs skark with í Danmǫrku, hence ‘there is tumult here in Denmark’, which is also possible. — [8] of Skáney ‘across Skåne’: (a) This is here assumed to belong with the cl. in ll. 7-8 in which it is embedded. The coupling of of Skáney with of hauga ‘across the hills’ (l. 7) creates a slight overload of adverbials, but is not problematic. (b) Of Skáney could alternatively be taken with herja ‘ravage’ in l. 1 (so Skj B), but since this is not necessary, and assumes rather extreme fragmentation of l. 8, it seems doubtful whether audiences would have perceived it that way. As so often, these questions may be slightly artificial in that í Danmǫrku and of Skáney qualify the whole helmingr.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  4. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  5. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  6. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  7. Hkr 1893-1901 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1893-1901. Heimskringla: Nóregs konunga sǫgur af Snorri Sturluson. 4 vols. SUGNL 23. Copenhagen: Møller.
  8. Hkr 1991 = Bergljót S. Kristjánsdóttir et al., eds. 1991. Heimskringla. 3 vols. Reykjavík: Mál og menning.
  9. F 1871 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1871. Fríssbók: Codex Frisianus. En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  10. E 1916 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1916. Eirspennill: AM 47 fol. Nóregs konunga sǫgur: Magnús góði – Hákon gamli. Kristiania (Oslo): Den norske historiske kildeskriftskommission.
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