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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞjóðA Magn 8II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Stanzas about Magnús Óláfsson in Danaveldi 8’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 96.

Þjóðólfr ArnórssonStanzas about Magnús Óláfsson in Danaveldi
789

hjaldri ‘the battle’

1. hjaldr (noun m.): battle

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hlauzk ‘was my lot’

hljóta (verb): alot, gain

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gauzkan ‘a Gautish’

gauzkr (adj.): Gautish

[2] gauzkan: gauzkum E

notes

[2] gauzkan ‘Gautish’: The significance of a shield from Västergötland (Gautland) is not clear, though Sveinn Úlfsson’s forces at Helgenæs are said to have included some from what is now southern Sweden (Skáni/Skáney and Svíaveldi, MgóðHkr ch. 33).

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ramr ‘a mighty’

rammr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): mighty

[3] ramr: gramr 39, F

kennings

ramr sverðdynr
‘a mighty sword-tumult ’
   = BATTLE

a mighty sword-tumult → BATTLE
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vas ‘took place’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

[3] vas (‘var’): varð E, J2ˣ, H, Hr

notes

[3] vas ‘took place’: Both this and the variant varð ‘came about’ are acceptable in context.

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sverð ‘sword’

sverð (noun n.; °-s; -): sword < sverðdynr (noun m.)

kennings

ramr sverðdynr
‘a mighty sword-tumult ’
   = BATTLE

a mighty sword-tumult → BATTLE
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dynr ‘tumult’

dynr (noun m.; °dat. -; -ir): din < sverðdynr (noun m.)

kennings

ramr sverðdynr
‘a mighty sword-tumult ’
   = BATTLE

a mighty sword-tumult → BATTLE
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brynju ‘a byrnie’

1. brynja (noun f.; °-u (dat. brynnoni Gibb 38⁹); -ur): mailcoat

[4] brynju: þrumu J2ˣ, brynjur H, Hr

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Vôpn ‘weapons’

vápn (noun n.; °-s; -): weapon

[5] Vôpn (‘vapn’): ‘vapt’ E

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fríð ‘handsome’

fríðr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): beautiful, fair

[5] fríð: ferð E, ‘firð’ J2ˣ

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en ‘and’

2. en (conj.): but, and

notes

[5-6] en sagðak þat fyrr kyrru fljóði ‘and I had said that before to the tranquil lady’: Reference to women is quite conventional in skaldic poetry, whether the mourning womenfolk of the enemy side or the exultant celebrators on the skald’s side, and Þjóðólfr presents both in sts 1 and 4 above (see further Frank 1990). The point here seems to be that Þjóðólfr had anticipated gaining the spoils of victory mentioned throughout the st., but whether he predicted this to a Dan. woman (as suggested by Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson in ÍF 28) or to a Norw. supporter (cf. the women from Sogn in st. 1) is unclear.

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fljóði ‘lady’

fljóð (noun n.): woman

[5] fljóði: ‘flǫðe’ E, ‘flǫði’ J2ˣ

notes

[5-6] en sagðak þat fyrr kyrru fljóði ‘and I had said that before to the tranquil lady’: Reference to women is quite conventional in skaldic poetry, whether the mourning womenfolk of the enemy side or the exultant celebrators on the skald’s side, and Þjóðólfr presents both in sts 1 and 4 above (see further Frank 1990). The point here seems to be that Þjóðólfr had anticipated gaining the spoils of victory mentioned throughout the st., but whether he predicted this to a Dan. woman (as suggested by Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson in ÍF 28) or to a Norw. supporter (cf. the women from Sogn in st. 1) is unclear.

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fyrr ‘before’

fyrr (adv.): before, sooner

notes

[5-6] en sagðak þat fyrr kyrru fljóði ‘and I had said that before to the tranquil lady’: Reference to women is quite conventional in skaldic poetry, whether the mourning womenfolk of the enemy side or the exultant celebrators on the skald’s side, and Þjóðólfr presents both in sts 1 and 4 above (see further Frank 1990). The point here seems to be that Þjóðólfr had anticipated gaining the spoils of victory mentioned throughout the st., but whether he predicted this to a Dan. woman (as suggested by Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson in ÍF 28) or to a Norw. supporter (cf. the women from Sogn in st. 1) is unclear.

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sagðak ‘I had said’

segja (verb): say, tell

notes

[5-6] en sagðak þat fyrr kyrru fljóði ‘and I had said that before to the tranquil lady’: Reference to women is quite conventional in skaldic poetry, whether the mourning womenfolk of the enemy side or the exultant celebrators on the skald’s side, and Þjóðólfr presents both in sts 1 and 4 above (see further Frank 1990). The point here seems to be that Þjóðólfr had anticipated gaining the spoils of victory mentioned throughout the st., but whether he predicted this to a Dan. woman (as suggested by Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson in ÍF 28) or to a Norw. supporter (cf. the women from Sogn in st. 1) is unclear.

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þat ‘that’

1. sá (pron.; °gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---): that (one), those

[6] þat: so 39, F, E, J2ˣ, om. Kˣ, papp18ˣ, H, Hr

notes

[5-6] en sagðak þat fyrr kyrru fljóði ‘and I had said that before to the tranquil lady’: Reference to women is quite conventional in skaldic poetry, whether the mourning womenfolk of the enemy side or the exultant celebrators on the skald’s side, and Þjóðólfr presents both in sts 1 and 4 above (see further Frank 1990). The point here seems to be that Þjóðólfr had anticipated gaining the spoils of victory mentioned throughout the st., but whether he predicted this to a Dan. woman (as suggested by Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson in ÍF 28) or to a Norw. supporter (cf. the women from Sogn in st. 1) is unclear.

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kyrru ‘to the tranquil’

kyrr (adj.): calm, quiet

[6] kyrru: ‘kurro’ E

notes

[5-6] en sagðak þat fyrr kyrru fljóði ‘and I had said that before to the tranquil lady’: Reference to women is quite conventional in skaldic poetry, whether the mourning womenfolk of the enemy side or the exultant celebrators on the skald’s side, and Þjóðólfr presents both in sts 1 and 4 above (see further Frank 1990). The point here seems to be that Þjóðólfr had anticipated gaining the spoils of victory mentioned throughout the st., but whether he predicted this to a Dan. woman (as suggested by Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson in ÍF 28) or to a Norw. supporter (cf. the women from Sogn in st. 1) is unclear.

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þar ‘there’

þar (adv.): there

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fekk’k ‘I gained’

2. fá (verb; °fǽr; fekk, fengu; fenginn): get, receive

[7] fekk’k (‘fecc ec’): fekk Hr

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es ‘where’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

[7] es (‘er’): þar er F, en Hr

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

In the battle off Helgenæs (Helganes; see Magnfl 17-18 and Contexts), a great number of Sveinn’s men fall. Magnús and his men share out a great deal of booty (H-Hr specifies weapons and clothes).

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