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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þjóð Lv 1I

R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Lausavísur 1’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 64.

Þjóðólfr ór HviniLausavísur
12

Hǫfðum ‘had’

hafa (verb): have

notes

[All]: In referring to wounds received in Haraldr’s service, Þjóðólfr implicitly chides the king for illiberality to men to whom he owes much. For Haraldr’s war-band and life at his court, see also Þjóð Har 1-3, Hhárf Lv 1 and Þhorn Harkv 5-6, 13, 15-23.

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vér ‘We’

vér (pron.; °gen. vár, dat./acc. oss): we, us, our

notes

[All]: The hendingar here are more irregular than in Þjóð HaustlIII: see Konráð Gíslason (1892, 48) for discussion.

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hǫgg ‘blows’

hǫgg (noun n.; °-s, dat. hǫggvi/hǫggi; -): blow

[2] hǫgg: haus Kˣ, hǫgg with haus in margin 761bˣ

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eggja ‘of edges’

1. egg (noun f.; °-jar, dat. -ju/-(var. [$1655$]: AM 75 c fol “75 c”, etc.)/-i([$1656$], cf. [$1654$] 243-244); -jar/-jur([$1657$] 16¹³n.)): edge, blade

[2] eggja: eiga J1ˣ

kennings

leiki eggja
‘the sport of edges ’
   = BATTLE

the sport of edges → BATTLE
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leiki ‘the sport’

1. leikr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -/-i; -ar): sport, play

kennings

leiki eggja
‘the sport of edges ’
   = BATTLE

the sport of edges → BATTLE
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vell ‘gold’

vell (noun n.): gold < vellbroti (noun m.): [gold-breaker]

kennings

vitrum vellbrota;
‘the wise gold-breaker; ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the wise gold-breaker; → GENEROUS MAN
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brota ‘breaker’

broti (noun m.; °-a; -ar): breaker < vellbroti (noun m.): [gold-breaker]

kennings

vitrum vellbrota;
‘the wise gold-breaker; ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the wise gold-breaker; → GENEROUS MAN
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vitrum ‘the wise’

vitr (adj.): wise

kennings

vitrum vellbrota;
‘the wise gold-breaker; ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the wise gold-breaker; → GENEROUS MAN
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vǫruma ‘we were not’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

[4] vǫruma: so Kˣ, vôrum at F, vôrum vér J1ˣ, J2ˣ, vôrum vér with vǫruma in margin 761bˣ

notes

[4] vǫruma ‘we were not’: Though the root vowel is etymologically long, Kuhn (1936a, 438-9 n. 3) argues that a short vowel is required when the negative suffix -a is added, and he presents evidence for a short alternant.

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Þjóðólfr responds to a complaint made by King Haraldr hárfagri (Hhárf Lv, q. v.).

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