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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Liðs 10I

Russell Poole (ed.) 2012, ‘Anonymous Poems, Liðsmannaflokkr 10’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1028.

Anonymous PoemsLiðsmannaflokkr
910

Hǫgna ‘of Hǫgni’

Hǫgni (noun m.): [Hǫgni, Högni]

kennings

hurð Hǫgna
‘the door of Hǫgni ’
   = SHIELD

the door of Hǫgni → SHIELD
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hurð ‘the door’

hurð (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir): door

[2] hurð: ‘huð’ DG8

kennings

hurð Hǫgna
‘the door of Hǫgni ’
   = SHIELD

the door of Hǫgni → SHIELD
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rjóðask ‘reddened’

rjóða (verb): to redden

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blóði ‘with blood’

blóð (noun n.; °-s): blood

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ár ‘the year’

2. ár (noun n.; °-s; -): year, year’s abundance

notes

[3] ár ‘the year’: Here interpreted as an adv. = ‘in the year’; cf. Bǫlv Hardr 3/3II hvert ár ‘every year’. An alternative possibility is ‘early’ (cf. in der Frühe, ÓHLeg 1982, 53). Finnur Jónsson combined it with Ilmr (l. 4) by tmesis to produce ár-Ilmr ‘food-Ilmr [WOMAN]’ (Skj B; LP: 1. ár 3, ár-Ilmr, 2. Ilmr). This would be the only example of a woman-kenning with food (other than laukar ‘leeks, herbs’) as the determinant (cf. Meissner 418), and it seems forced.

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þars ‘when we’

þars (conj.): where

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Ilmr ‘Ilmr [lady]’

ilmr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -/-i;): fragrance

notes

[4] Ilmr ‘Ilmr [lady]’: A goddess-heiti functioning as a half-kenning for ‘woman’; cf. st. 7/6 Syn, and Note. The speaker is to be imagined as telling the tale of his brave deeds to this female companion (see Introduction).

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Kneigum ‘able’

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síz ‘since’

síz (conj.): since

[5] síz: ‘saz’ DG8

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vígum ‘battles’

vígi (noun n.; °-s; -): manslaughter, killing

[5] vígum: ‘vigi’ DG8

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fyllar ‘of the sea’

2. fyllr (noun f.): [sea]

kennings

fit dags fyllar,
‘meadow of the day of the sea, ’
   = WOMAN

the day of the sea, → GOLD
meadow of the GOLD → WOMAN
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fyllar ‘of the sea’

2. fyllr (noun f.): [sea]

kennings

fit dags fyllar,
‘meadow of the day of the sea, ’
   = WOMAN

the day of the sea, → GOLD
meadow of the GOLD → WOMAN
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dags ‘of the day’

dagr (noun m.; °-s, dat. degi/dag/dagi(Thom¹ 332¹‡n.); -ar): day

kennings

fit dags fyllar,
‘meadow of the day of the sea, ’
   = WOMAN

the day of the sea, → GOLD
meadow of the GOLD → WOMAN
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dags ‘of the day’

dagr (noun m.; °-s, dat. degi/dag/dagi(Thom¹ 332¹‡n.); -ar): day

kennings

fit dags fyllar,
‘meadow of the day of the sea, ’
   = WOMAN

the day of the sea, → GOLD
meadow of the GOLD → WOMAN
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fit ‘meadow’

1. fit (noun f.; °; -jar): meadow

kennings

fit dags fyllar,
‘meadow of the day of the sea, ’
   = WOMAN

the day of the sea, → GOLD
meadow of the GOLD → WOMAN
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sitja ‘to sit’

sitja (verb): sit

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

As for st. 1.

[5-8]: The poet leaves it open to his audience to assume that the siege of London led directly to the occupation of the city. More realistic is the ASC account (s. a. 1016) which states that the Londoners bought peace with the invading army, who brought their ships into London and overwintered there.

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