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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturl Hryn 2II

Valgerður Erna Þorvaldsdóttir (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hrynhenda 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 679.

Sturla ÞórðarsonHrynhenda
123

Austan ‘from the east’

austan (adv.): from the east

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sendi ‘sent’

senda (verb): send

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gulli ‘with gold’

gull (noun n.): gold

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glæsta ‘adorned’

glæsa (verb): adorn

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Gauta ‘of the Gautar’

gauti (noun m.): man, Geat

kennings

Stýrir Gauta
‘The commander of the Gautar ’
   = Birgir Magnússon

The commander of the Gautar → Birgir Magnússon
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stýrir ‘The commander’

stýrir (noun m.): ruler, controller

[2] stýrir: stýris 8

kennings

Stýrir Gauta
‘The commander of the Gautar ’
   = Birgir Magnússon

The commander of the Gautar → Birgir Magnússon
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megindýrum ‘most noble’

megindýrr (adj.): [most noble]

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seima ‘of gold’

2. seimr (noun m.; °dat. -i): gold

kennings

þollr seima.
‘fir-tree of gold. ’
   = MAN

fir-tree of gold. → MAN
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þollr ‘fir-tree’

þollr (noun m.): fir-tree

kennings

þollr seima.
‘fir-tree of gold. ’
   = MAN

fir-tree of gold. → MAN
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öllum ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

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Völdugr ‘Powerful’

vǫldugr (adj.): powerful

kennings

Völdugr skerðir málma,
‘Powerful diminisher of weapons, ’
   = WARRIOR

Powerful diminisher of weapons, → WARRIOR
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tóktu ‘you received’

2. taka (verb): take

[5] tóktu: tók 81a

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málma ‘of weapons’

malmr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): metal

kennings

Völdugr skerðir málma,
‘Powerful diminisher of weapons, ’
   = WARRIOR

Powerful diminisher of weapons, → WARRIOR
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skerðir ‘diminisher’

skerðir (noun m.): diminisher

kennings

Völdugr skerðir málma,
‘Powerful diminisher of weapons, ’
   = WARRIOR

Powerful diminisher of weapons, → WARRIOR
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Svía ‘of the Swedes’’

svíar (noun m.): Swedes

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ferðar ‘troop’

ferð (noun f.; °-ar; -ir/-arMork 196¹²)): host, journey

[6] ferðar: so all others, ferðir F

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aldir ‘people’

ǫld (noun f.; °; aldir): people, age

[7] aldir: allir E, 81a

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dýrka ‘glorify’

dýrka (verb; °-að-): glorify, worship

[7] dýrka: dýrki Flat

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veldi ‘empire’

veldi (noun n.): realm

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eirar ‘peace’

eir (noun f.): mercy < eirarsamr (adj.)

[8] eirar‑: eittár E

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við ‘’

2. við (prep.): with, against

[8] við: með 81a

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brúðför ‘bridal train’

brúðfǫr (noun f.): [bridal train]

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Jarl Birgir sent his daughter Ríkiza from Sweden in 1251 to marry King Hákon’s son Hákon ungi ‘the Young’.

There were political reasons for the marriage of Ríkiza and Hákon ungi. In 1225 King Hákon invaded Värmland, as Sturla mentions in Hákkv 7-8, and Jarl Birgir was anxious to avoid further conflict with the Norw. king. At a meeting in 1249, they promised not to support each other’s enemies. In addition, Hákon gained the support of the jarl in his aggressive policy towards the Danes and could focus on expanding his state to the south (Helle 1974, 128-9).

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