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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturl Hryn 18II

Valgerður Erna Þorvaldsdóttir (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hrynhenda 18’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 695.

Sturla ÞórðarsonHrynhenda
171819

Öllum þótti, Egða stillir,
ægiligt, inn víða frægi,
gunnar logs fyrir græði sunnan
geigurþing við yðr at eiga.
Sætta báðu, Sygna dróttinn,
snjallráðan þik Danir allir,
fyrða gramr, þvít fegnir urðu
fjandmenn þínir lífi sínu.

{Inn víða frægi stillir Egða}, öllum þótti ægiligt at eiga {geigurþing {logs gunnar}} við yðr fyrir sunnan græði. {Dróttinn Sygna}, allir Danir báðu þik, snjallráðan, sætta, þvít fjandmenn þínir urðu fegnir lífi sínu, {gramr fyrða}.

{Far-famed ruler of the Egðir} [NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon], to everyone it seemed terrifying to hold {a dangerous meeting {of the flame of battle}} [SWORD > BATTLE] with you south of the sea. {Lord of the Sygnir} [NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon], all the Danes begged you, wise-ruling one, for a settlement, because your enemies were glad to save their lives, {ruler of men} [KING].

Mss: F(119ra), E(192r), G(1ra), 81a(119vb), 8(71r), Flat(183rb) (Hák)

Readings: [1] Egða: Agða 8    [2] ægiligt: ægi E, 81a, 8, eigi G, eigi G, ægiligr Flat;    inn: inni G, mönnum 8    [3] logs: loks E    [5] dróttinn: so G, 8, Flat, dróttin F, E, 81a    [6] ‑ráðan: ‑ráðinn Flat    [7] gramr: so E, 81a, 8, Flat, gram F, G;    þvít (‘þviat’): því 81a    [8] fjand‑: ‘fian‑’ E

Editions: Skj AII, 107, Skj BII, 117, Skald II, 62, NN §3266A; F 1871, 556, E 1916, 654, Hák 1910-86, 666, Hák 1977-82, 177, Flat 1860-8, III, 200.

Context: King Hákon met with King Kristófór in Copenhagen. The archbishop acted as intermediary and the Danes agreed to a truce because they were intimidated by the great Norw. fleet.

Notes: [3] logs gunnar ‘of the flame of battle [SWORD]’: Gunnr is a valkyrie, but here it is more likely the common noun gunnr (f.) ‘battle’. Both meanings could apply here in the kenning. — [3] græði (m. acc. sg.) ‘sea’: This lit. means ‘healer, enricher’. — [5] dróttinn (m. nom. sg.) ‘lord’: The present edn follows Konráð Gíslason (1895-7, I, 82), Finnur Jónsson and Kock (Skj B; Skald), who all chose the reading of G, 8 and Flat (construed as a form of address), rather than the reading of F, E and 81a, dróttin (m. acc. sg.) ‘lord’ (see the comparable construction in st. 1/1-2 above). If the acc. dróttin is retained, dróttin Sygna could be taken as an apposition to þik (m. acc. sg.) ‘you’: bað þik, snjallráðan dróttin Sygna ‘asked you, the wise-ruling lord of the Sygnir’.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  5. Flat 1860-8 = Gudbrand Vigfusson [Guðbrandur Vigfússon] and C. R. Unger, eds. 1860-8. Flateyjarbók. En samling af norske konge-sagaer med indskudte mindre fortællinger om begivenheder i og udenfor Norge samt annaler. 3 vols. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  6. F 1871 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1871. Fríssbók: Codex Frisianus. En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  7. E 1916 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1916. Eirspennill: AM 47 fol. Nóregs konunga sǫgur: Magnús góði – Hákon gamli. Kristiania (Oslo): Den norske historiske kildeskriftskommission.
  8. Hák 1977-82 = Mundt, Marina, ed. 1977. Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar etter Sth. 8 fol., AM 325VIII, 4° og AM 304, 4°. Oslo: Forlagsentralen. Suppl. by James E. Knirk, Rettelser til Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar etter Sth. 8 fol., AM 325VIII, 4° og AM 304, 4°. Norrøne tekster 2. Oslo: Norsk historisk kjeldeskrift-institutt, 1982.
  9. Konráð Gíslason. 1895-7. Efterladte skrifter. 2 vols. I: Forelæsninger over oldnordiske skjaldekvad. II: Forelæsninger og videnskablige afhandlinger. Copenhagen: Gyldendal.
  10. Hák 1910-86 = Kjær, Albert and Ludvig Holm-Olsen, eds. 1910-86. Det Arnamagnæanske haandskrift 81a fol. (Skálholtsbók yngsta) indeholdende Sverris saga, Bǫglungasǫgur, Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar. Oslo: Den norske historiske kildeskriftkommission and Kjeldeskriftfondet.
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