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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturl Hryn 1II

Valgerður Erna Þorvaldsdóttir (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hrynhenda 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 678.

Sturla ÞórðarsonHrynhenda
12

Vilhjálmr ‘William’

Vilhjalmr (noun m.): Vilhjálmr, William

notes

[1] Vilhjálmr ‘William’: Cardinal William of Sabina (Vilhjálmr) was a special emissary of Pope Innocent IV, sent to Norway in 1246 (see Notes to Sturl Hákkv 25/15 and 25/16). Hákon was the illegitimate son of King Hákon Sverrisson and needed the Church’s recognition to secure his claim to the throne. He had been trying to get the Pope’s approval since the 1220s, first through the Norw. bishops, and then by writing directly to Innocent IV. He was the third king of Norway who was crowned by a representative of the Church. The first one was Magnús Erlingsson, who was crowned in 1163 or 1164, the second Sverrir Siguðarson, Hákon’s grandfather, who forced the Norw. bishops to crown him in 1194 (Lunden 1976, 98-9).

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varr ‘of the sea’

1. vǫrr (noun m.; °dat. verri; acc. vǫrru): oar-stroke < varrbál (noun n.)

[2] varr‑: ‘vor’ 42ˣ

kennings

hötuðr varrbáls;
‘hater of the sea-flame; ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the sea-flame; → GOLD
hater of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN

notes

[2] varrbáls ‘of the sea-flame’: Vörr means ‘wake of a ship’ or ‘stroke of the oar’, but in the kenning varrbál it means ‘sea’. See also st. 19/4 below.

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varr ‘of the sea’

1. vǫrr (noun m.; °dat. verri; acc. vǫrru): oar-stroke < varrbál (noun n.)

[2] varr‑: ‘vor’ 42ˣ

kennings

hötuðr varrbáls;
‘hater of the sea-flame; ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the sea-flame; → GOLD
hater of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN

notes

[2] varrbáls ‘of the sea-flame’: Vörr means ‘wake of a ship’ or ‘stroke of the oar’, but in the kenning varrbál it means ‘sea’. See also st. 19/4 below.

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báls ‘flame’

bál (noun n.; °-s; -): fire < varrbál (noun n.)

kennings

hötuðr varrbáls;
‘hater of the sea-flame; ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the sea-flame; → GOLD
hater of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN

notes

[2] varrbáls ‘of the sea-flame’: Vörr means ‘wake of a ship’ or ‘stroke of the oar’, but in the kenning varrbál it means ‘sea’. See also st. 19/4 below.

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báls ‘flame’

bál (noun n.; °-s; -): fire < varrbál (noun n.)

kennings

hötuðr varrbáls;
‘hater of the sea-flame; ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the sea-flame; → GOLD
hater of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN

notes

[2] varrbáls ‘of the sea-flame’: Vörr means ‘wake of a ship’ or ‘stroke of the oar’, but in the kenning varrbál it means ‘sea’. See also st. 19/4 below.

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hötuðr ‘hater’

hǫtuðr (noun m.): hater

[2] hötuðr: hvötuðr E, ‘haurauðr’ 42ˣ

kennings

hötuðr varrbáls;
‘hater of the sea-flame; ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the sea-flame; → GOLD
hater of the GOLD → GENEROUS MAN
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valdiz ‘was sent’

valda (verb): cause

[3] valdiz: vandiz E

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hingat ‘here’

hingat (adv.): (to) here

[3] hingat: so all others, þangat F

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aldar ‘of men’

ǫld (noun f.; °; aldir): people, age

kennings

gramr aldar.
‘ruler of men. ’
   = KING

ruler of men. → KING
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gramr ‘ruler’

1. gramr (noun m.): ruler

kennings

gramr aldar.
‘ruler of men. ’
   = KING

ruler of men. → KING
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kristni ‘of Christianity’

kristni (noun f.; °-/-s(Ágr 26¹²)): Christianity

[5] kristni: kristin E

kennings

Stýrir kristni
‘The leader of Christianity ’
   = CARDINAL

The leader of Christianity → CARDINAL

notes

[5] stýrir kristni ‘leader of Christianity [CARDINAL]’: Sturla could possibly be referring to Pope Innocent IV rather than to Cardinal William, although that seems unlikely. The Pope had given his consent to the crowning, but the Cardinal was present during the ceremony.

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stýrir ‘The leader’

stýrir (noun m.): ruler, controller

[5] stýrir: prýði 42ˣ

kennings

Stýrir kristni
‘The leader of Christianity ’
   = CARDINAL

The leader of Christianity → CARDINAL

notes

[5] stýrir kristni ‘leader of Christianity [CARDINAL]’: Sturla could possibly be referring to Pope Innocent IV rather than to Cardinal William, although that seems unlikely. The Pope had given his consent to the crowning, but the Cardinal was present during the ceremony.

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prýddr ‘born’

prýða (verb): adorn < kynprýddr (adj.)

[6] ‑prýddr: ‑prúðr 42ˣ, ‑bryddr Flat

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jöfurr ‘prince’

jǫfurr (noun m.): ruler, prince

[6] jöfurr: so all others, om. F

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skrýdda ‘adorned’

2. skrýða (verb): adorn, clothe

[6] skrýdda: ‘skrdda’ Flat

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ramri ‘the mighty’

rammr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): mighty

[7] ramri: gramr í E

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grund ‘land’

grund (noun f.): earth, land

[7] grund: grundu E, 42ˣ, 81a

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hafið ‘you have’

hafa (verb): have

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ríkisvandar ‘of the royal sceptre’

ríkisvǫndr (noun m.): royal sceptre

kennings

reiðivaldr ríkisvandar,
‘swinger of the royal sceptre, ’
   = KING

swinger of the royal sceptre, → KING
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reiðivaldr ‘swinger’

reiðivaldr (noun m.): [swinger]

kennings

reiðivaldr ríkisvandar,
‘swinger of the royal sceptre, ’
   = KING

swinger of the royal sceptre, → KING
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frægðum ‘renown’

frægð (noun f.): fame

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

The st. documents the crowning of King Hákon in Bergen in the summer of 1247.

For this event, see also Sturl Hákkv 25-33. — The st. is attributed to Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv) in Flat (Flat III, 1860-8, 171). — [7-8]: Sturla is referring to the fact that when Hákon was crowned he had already been king of Norway for thirty years, since 1217.

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