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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Leið 45VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Leiðarvísan 45’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 178.

Anonymous PoemsLeiðarvísan
4445

‘now’

nú (adv.): now

notes

[1] nú skal ‘now shall’: Kock (NN §2562), observing that the l. is septasyllabic, omits skal and emends to Nú’s ‘now is’.

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skal ‘shall’

skulu (verb): shall, should, must

notes

[1] nú skal ‘now shall’: Kock (NN §2562), observing that the l. is septasyllabic, omits skal and emends to Nú’s ‘now is’.

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drótt ‘The company’

1. drótt (noun f.): troop

notes

[1] drótt ‘company’: In skaldic court poetry, drótt refers to a king’s or earl’s retinue, but here the nature of the poet’s audience is not courtly. It is probably most likely to be monastic or ecclesiastical, but it may be a lay or mixed audience.

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lopt ‘of the sky’

loft (noun n.): air, sky < lofthjalmr (noun m.)

kennings

dáðhress dǫglings lopthjalms.
‘of the deed-hearty king of the sky-helmet. May ’
   = God

the sky-helmet. May → SKY/HEAVEN
the deed-hearty king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

lopt ‘of the sky’

loft (noun n.): air, sky < lofthjalmr (noun m.)

kennings

dáðhress dǫglings lopthjalms.
‘of the deed-hearty king of the sky-helmet. May ’
   = God

the sky-helmet. May → SKY/HEAVEN
the deed-hearty king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

hjalms ‘helmet’

1. hjalmr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): helmet < lofthjalmr (noun m.)

kennings

dáðhress dǫglings lopthjalms.
‘of the deed-hearty king of the sky-helmet. May ’
   = God

the sky-helmet. May → SKY/HEAVEN
the deed-hearty king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

hjalms ‘helmet’

1. hjalmr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): helmet < lofthjalmr (noun m.)

kennings

dáðhress dǫglings lopthjalms.
‘of the deed-hearty king of the sky-helmet. May ’
   = God

the sky-helmet. May → SKY/HEAVEN
the deed-hearty king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

dǫgum ‘days’

dagr (noun m.; °-s, dat. degi/dag/dagi(Thom¹ 332¹‡n.); -ar): day

notes

[2] dǫgum optar ‘more often than [there are] days’: The same expression is in Anon Nkt 73/6II, but nowhere else in the skaldic corpus.

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optar ‘more often’

opt (adv.): often

notes

[2] dǫgum optar ‘more often than [there are] days’: The same expression is in Anon Nkt 73/6II, but nowhere else in the skaldic corpus.

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dǫglings ‘king’

dǫglingr (noun m.; °; -ar): king, ruler

kennings

dáðhress dǫglings lopthjalms.
‘of the deed-hearty king of the sky-helmet. May ’
   = God

the sky-helmet. May → SKY/HEAVEN
the deed-hearty king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

dáð ‘of the deed’

dáð (noun f.; °; -ir): feat, deed < dáðhress (adj.)

kennings

dáðhress dǫglings lopthjalms.
‘of the deed-hearty king of the sky-helmet. May ’
   = God

the sky-helmet. May → SKY/HEAVEN
the deed-hearty king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

hress ‘hearty’

hress (adj.; °superl. -astr): hearty < dáðhress (adj.)

kennings

dáðhress dǫglings lopthjalms.
‘of the deed-hearty king of the sky-helmet. May ’
   = God

the sky-helmet. May → SKY/HEAVEN
the deed-hearty king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

laði ‘invite’

laða (verb): invite

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dýrr ‘the glorious’

dýrr (adj.; °compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -str/-astr): precious

kennings

Dýrr gramr dags hallar
‘the glorious prince of day’s hall ’
   = God

day’s hall → SKY/HEAVEN
the glorious prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

dags ‘of day’s’

dagr (noun m.; °-s, dat. degi/dag/dagi(Thom¹ 332¹‡n.); -ar): day

kennings

Dýrr gramr dags hallar
‘the glorious prince of day’s hall ’
   = God

day’s hall → SKY/HEAVEN
the glorious prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[6] gramr dags hallar ‘prince of day’s hall’: Cf. dróttinn dags hallar ‘lord of day’s hall [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)]’ in 15/5-6.

Close

dags ‘of day’s’

dagr (noun m.; °-s, dat. degi/dag/dagi(Thom¹ 332¹‡n.); -ar): day

kennings

Dýrr gramr dags hallar
‘the glorious prince of day’s hall ’
   = God

day’s hall → SKY/HEAVEN
the glorious prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[6] gramr dags hallar ‘prince of day’s hall’: Cf. dróttinn dags hallar ‘lord of day’s hall [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)]’ in 15/5-6.

Close

hallar ‘hall’

1. hǫll (noun f.; °hallar, dat. -u/-; hallir): hall

kennings

Dýrr gramr dags hallar
‘the glorious prince of day’s hall ’
   = God

day’s hall → SKY/HEAVEN
the glorious prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[6] gramr dags hallar ‘prince of day’s hall’: Cf. dróttinn dags hallar ‘lord of day’s hall [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)]’ in 15/5-6.

Close

hallar ‘hall’

1. hǫll (noun f.; °hallar, dat. -u/-; hallir): hall

kennings

Dýrr gramr dags hallar
‘the glorious prince of day’s hall ’
   = God

day’s hall → SKY/HEAVEN
the glorious prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[6] gramr dags hallar ‘prince of day’s hall’: Cf. dróttinn dags hallar ‘lord of day’s hall [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)]’ in 15/5-6.

Close

gramr ‘prince’

1. gramr (noun m.): ruler

kennings

Dýrr gramr dags hallar
‘the glorious prince of day’s hall ’
   = God

day’s hall → SKY/HEAVEN
the glorious prince of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[6] gramr dags hallar ‘prince of day’s hall’: Cf. dróttinn dags hallar ‘lord of day’s hall [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)]’ in 15/5-6.

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allan ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

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