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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturl Hrafn 15II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hrafnsmál 15’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 740.

Sturla ÞórðarsonHrafnsmál
141516

Mætti ‘encountered’

mœta (verb): meet

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margfréttinn ‘The very inquisitive’

margfréttinn (adj./verb p.p.): [very inquisitive]

kennings

Margfréttinn framstiklir auðar
‘The very inquisitive dispenser of wealth ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

The very inquisitive dispenser of wealth → GENEROUS MAN

notes

[1] margfréttinn ‘very inquisitive’: Hap. leg.

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miklum ‘the mighty’

(non-lexical)

notes

[2, 3-4] miklum gjörningum inga óþjóða ‘the mighty sorceries of the king of evildoers [= Alexander]’: This can hardly be construed differently. Skj B has megen trolddom fra røverfolkets fyrste ‘much sorcery from the prince of robbers’. Most likely Sturla is making an allusion to the famous battle of Hjǫrungavágr between the Norw. Hákon jarl and the Dan. Jómsvíkingar. During that battle, Hákon sacrificed to pagan deities who caused a terrible hailstorm that brought Hákon victory (see ÓT 1958-2000, I, 190-3; Bjbp Jóms 30, 32I). Ingi is a pers. n. but it can also be used as a heiti for ‘king’ (see LP: ingi). See also Anon (HSig) 3/6.

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fram ‘dispenser’

fram (adv.): out, forth, forwards, away < framstiklir (noun m.)

kennings

Margfréttinn framstiklir auðar
‘The very inquisitive dispenser of wealth ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

The very inquisitive dispenser of wealth → GENEROUS MAN

notes

[2] framstiklir ‘dispenser’: Lit. ‘forwards-thrower’. Hap. leg.

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stiklir ‘’

stiklir (noun m.): thrower, dispenser < framstiklir (noun m.)

[2] ‑stiklir: stikla Flat

kennings

Margfréttinn framstiklir auðar
‘The very inquisitive dispenser of wealth ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

The very inquisitive dispenser of wealth → GENEROUS MAN

notes

[2] framstiklir ‘dispenser’: Lit. ‘forwards-thrower’. Hap. leg.

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auðar ‘of wealth’

1. auðr (noun m.; °-s/-ar, dat. -i/-): wealth

[3] auðar (‘ovdar’): so 325X, óðrar F, óðar 304ˣ, æði Flat

kennings

Margfréttinn framstiklir auðar
‘The very inquisitive dispenser of wealth ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

The very inquisitive dispenser of wealth → GENEROUS MAN
Close

óþjóða ‘of evildoers [Alexander]’

óþjóð (noun f.): evildoer, evil tribe

notes

[2, 3-4] miklum gjörningum inga óþjóða ‘the mighty sorceries of the king of evildoers [= Alexander]’: This can hardly be construed differently. Skj B has megen trolddom fra røverfolkets fyrste ‘much sorcery from the prince of robbers’. Most likely Sturla is making an allusion to the famous battle of Hjǫrungavágr between the Norw. Hákon jarl and the Dan. Jómsvíkingar. During that battle, Hákon sacrificed to pagan deities who caused a terrible hailstorm that brought Hákon victory (see ÓT 1958-2000, I, 190-3; Bjbp Jóms 30, 32I). Ingi is a pers. n. but it can also be used as a heiti for ‘king’ (see LP: ingi). See also Anon (HSig) 3/6.

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inga ‘of the king’

Ingi (noun m.): king, Ingi

notes

[2, 3-4] miklum gjörningum inga óþjóða ‘the mighty sorceries of the king of evildoers [= Alexander]’: This can hardly be construed differently. Skj B has megen trolddom fra røverfolkets fyrste ‘much sorcery from the prince of robbers’. Most likely Sturla is making an allusion to the famous battle of Hjǫrungavágr between the Norw. Hákon jarl and the Dan. Jómsvíkingar. During that battle, Hákon sacrificed to pagan deities who caused a terrible hailstorm that brought Hákon victory (see ÓT 1958-2000, I, 190-3; Bjbp Jóms 30, 32I). Ingi is a pers. n. but it can also be used as a heiti for ‘king’ (see LP: ingi). See also Anon (HSig) 3/6.

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gjörningum ‘sorceries’

gjǫrningr (noun m.): [sorceries]

notes

[2, 3-4] miklum gjörningum inga óþjóða ‘the mighty sorceries of the king of evildoers [= Alexander]’: This can hardly be construed differently. Skj B has megen trolddom fra røverfolkets fyrste ‘much sorcery from the prince of robbers’. Most likely Sturla is making an allusion to the famous battle of Hjǫrungavágr between the Norw. Hákon jarl and the Dan. Jómsvíkingar. During that battle, Hákon sacrificed to pagan deities who caused a terrible hailstorm that brought Hákon victory (see ÓT 1958-2000, I, 190-3; Bjbp Jóms 30, 32I). Ingi is a pers. n. but it can also be used as a heiti for ‘king’ (see LP: ingi). See also Anon (HSig) 3/6.

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lábrostinn ‘The wave-bursting’

lábrostinn (adj./verb p.p.): [wave-bursting]

notes

[5] lábrostinn ‘wave-bursting’: Hap. leg.

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in ‘the’

2. inn (art.): the

notes

[6] in skautfögru ‘the sail-fair’: Hap. leg. See also st. 3/5 above.

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skaut ‘sail’

skaut (noun n.; °; -): sail < skautfagr (adj.)

notes

[6] in skautfögru ‘the sail-fair’: Hap. leg. See also st. 3/5 above.

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fögru ‘fair’

fagr (adj.; °fagran; compar. fegri, superl. fegrstr): fair, beautiful < skautfagr (adj.)

[6] ‑fögru: fögrum Flat

notes

[6] in skautfögru ‘the sail-fair’: Hap. leg. See also st. 3/5 above.

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flaust ‘ships’

flaust (noun n.): ship

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ór ‘from’

3. ór (prep.): out of

[7] ór: af Flat

notes

[7-8] ór frónlæstum festum ‘from the land-secured moorings’: Must refer to the anchors which had secured the ships to the bottom of the sea. According to the prose, the anchors became loose and Hákon’s ship was adrift until they finally caught hold. Frónlæstum ‘land-secured’ (l. 7) is a hap. leg.

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frónlæstum ‘the land-secured’

frónlæstr (adj.): [land-secured]

[7] frónlæstum: ‘from Læstumm’ 304ˣ, farnestum Flat

notes

[7-8] ór frónlæstum festum ‘from the land-secured moorings’: Must refer to the anchors which had secured the ships to the bottom of the sea. According to the prose, the anchors became loose and Hákon’s ship was adrift until they finally caught hold. Frónlæstum ‘land-secured’ (l. 7) is a hap. leg.

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festum ‘moorings’

festr (noun f.; °dat. & acc. -i; -ar/-ir): mooring, betrothal

[8] festum: so 304ˣ, 325X, flestum F, Flat

notes

[7-8] ór frónlæstum festum ‘from the land-secured moorings’: Must refer to the anchors which had secured the ships to the bottom of the sea. According to the prose, the anchors became loose and Hákon’s ship was adrift until they finally caught hold. Frónlæstum ‘land-secured’ (l. 7) is a hap. leg.

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baug ‘of the ring’

baugr (noun m.; °dat. -i/-; -ar): ring < bauglestir (noun m.)

kennings

bauglestis
‘of the ring-wounder ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the ring-wounder → GENEROUS MAN
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lestis ‘wounder’

lestir (noun m.): damager, destroyer < bauglestir (noun m.)

[8] ‑lestis: so all others, ‑estis F

kennings

bauglestis
‘of the ring-wounder ’
   = GENEROUS MAN

the ring-wounder → GENEROUS MAN
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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

On 1 October, a strong storm with rain and hail hit the Norw. main fleet which was anchored near the Cumbraes in the Firth of Clyde. The royal ship drifted into the sound along with other vessels, and the crew had to use all eight anchors to secure it. Some believed that the storm had been caused by sorcery.

The violent storm is also mentioned in insular sources, where it is attributed to divine intervention (see Anderson 1922, II, 607).

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