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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturl Hákkv 34II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarkviða 34’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 723-4.

Sturla ÞórðarsonHákonarkviða
333435

er ‘is’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

[1] er þat: var F;    er: þat er F, at Flat

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sæmðr ‘honoured’

sœma (verb): honour

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til ‘to’

til (prep.): to

notes

[4] til fundar Svía ‘to the meeting with the Swedes’: Hákon wished to achieve a treaty with the Swed. magnates, and he hoped to marry his son, Hákon ungi ‘the Young’, to Birgir Magnússon’s daughter Ríkiza (see also st. 38 below and Sturl Hryn 2).

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Svía ‘with the Swedes’

svíar (noun m.): Swedes

notes

[4] til fundar Svía ‘to the meeting with the Swedes’: Hákon wished to achieve a treaty with the Swed. magnates, and he hoped to marry his son, Hákon ungi ‘the Young’, to Birgir Magnússon’s daughter Ríkiza (see also st. 38 below and Sturl Hryn 2).

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fundar ‘the meeting’

fundr (noun m.): discovery, meeting

notes

[4] til fundar Svía ‘to the meeting with the Swedes’: Hákon wished to achieve a treaty with the Swed. magnates, and he hoped to marry his son, Hákon ungi ‘the Young’, to Birgir Magnússon’s daughter Ríkiza (see also st. 38 below and Sturl Hryn 2).

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grundar ‘of the land’

grund (noun f.): earth, land

kennings

vörðr grundar,
‘the guardian of the land, ’
   = KING

the guardian of the land, → KING
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vörðr ‘the guardian’

vǫrðr (noun m.; °varðar, dat. verði/vǫrð; verðir, acc. vǫrðu): guardian, defender

kennings

vörðr grundar,
‘the guardian of the land, ’
   = KING

the guardian of the land, → KING
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góðu ‘by good’

góðr (adj.): good

notes

[6] góðu heilli ‘by good fortune’: Cf. sts 3/4 and 25/4 above.

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heilli ‘fortune’

2. heill (noun n.; °; -): fortune

[6] heilli: so 42ˣ, 81a, 8, Flat, ‘hęlli’ E, helli F

notes

[6] góðu heilli ‘by good fortune’: Cf. sts 3/4 and 25/4 above.

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Rand ‘of Randverr’

kennings

remmiskíðum Randvers.
‘the strong skis of Randverr.’
   = SHIPS

the strong skis of Randverr. → SHIPS
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vers ‘’

[7] ‑vers: ‑veðrs 42ˣ

kennings

remmiskíðum Randvers.
‘the strong skis of Randverr.’
   = SHIPS

the strong skis of Randverr. → SHIPS
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remmi ‘the strong’

remmi- ((prefix)): forceful, strong < remmiskíð (noun n.)

[8] remmi‑: renni 42ˣ

kennings

remmiskíðum Randvers.
‘the strong skis of Randverr.’
   = SHIPS

the strong skis of Randverr. → SHIPS
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skíðum ‘ skis’

skíð (noun n.; °; -): ski < remmiskíð (noun n.)

[8] ‑skíðum: skeiðum 81a

kennings

remmiskíðum Randvers.
‘the strong skis of Randverr.’
   = SHIPS

the strong skis of Randverr. → SHIPS
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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

In the spring of 1249, Hákon set sail for the Götaälv in Sweden with a splendid fleet to meet with the Swed. king Eiríkr Eiríksson and his jarl, Birgir Magnússon.

[7] Randvers ‘of Randverr <sea-king>’: The form of the last element of this cpd m. pers. n. is difficult (for different spellings, see LP: Randvér). Etymologically, we should have expected -vér with the gen. form -vés (see AEW: vér 2), but all mss (except 42ˣ) have ‘-vers’, which can only be construed as a nom. -verr or -vérr.

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