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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturl Hákkv 18II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarkviða 18’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 712-13.

Sturla ÞórðarsonHákonarkviða
171819

laushendr ‘openhanded’

laushendr (adj.): [openhanded]

notes

[1] laushendr ‘openhanded’: Lit. ‘loose-handed’.

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lofða ‘of men’

lofði (noun m.; °; -ar): man

kennings

Stýrir lofða
‘The controller of men ’
   = RULER = Hákon

The controller of men → RULER = Hákon
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stýrir ‘The controller’

stýrir (noun m.): ruler, controller

kennings

Stýrir lofða
‘The controller of men ’
   = RULER = Hákon

The controller of men → RULER = Hákon
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blóð ‘of the blood’

blóð (noun n.; °-s): blood < blóðormr (noun m.): [blood-snake]

kennings

blóðorms
‘of the blood-snake ’
   = SPEAR

the blood-snake → SPEAR

notes

[3] blóðorms ‘of the blood-snake [SPEAR]’: Skj B takes this as a kenning for ‘spear’ here, but LP: blóðorm gives the translation ‘sword’.

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orms ‘snake’

ormr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): serpent < blóðormr (noun m.): [blood-snake]

kennings

blóðorms
‘of the blood-snake ’
   = SPEAR

the blood-snake → SPEAR

notes

[3] blóðorms ‘of the blood-snake [SPEAR]’: Skj B takes this as a kenning for ‘spear’ here, but LP: blóðorm gives the translation ‘sword’.

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beinu ‘the straight’

2. beinn (adj.; °beinan; compar. beinni, superl. beinastr/beinstr): straight

[4] beinu: so 81a, 8, benju E, F, 42ˣ, Flat

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en ‘but’

2. en (conj.): but, and

[5] en: er F

Close

hald ‘tight’

hald (noun n.; °-s; *-): support < haldsamr (adj.)

[5] hald‑: hall‑ 42ˣ, hjall‑ 8

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hjarar ‘of the sword’

hjǫrr (noun m.): sword

[6] hjarar: herjar Flat

kennings

leiki hjarar
‘the play of the sword ’
   = BATTLE

the play of the sword → BATTLE
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leiki ‘the play’

leiki (noun m.; °; -ar): play

kennings

leiki hjarar
‘the play of the sword ’
   = BATTLE

the play of the sword → BATTLE
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geir ‘of the spear’

geirr (noun m.): spear < geirtýr (noun m.)

kennings

grænni málu geir-Týs.
‘the green wife of the spear-Týr.’
   = Jǫrð

the spear-Týr. → Óðinn
the green wife of ÓÐINN → Jǫrð

notes

[7-8] grænni málu geir-Týs ‘the green wife of the spear-Týr <god> [= Óðinn > = Jǫrð (jǫrð ‘earth’)]’: See Note to Anon Nkt 8/1, 2.

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geir ‘of the spear’

geirr (noun m.): spear < geirtýr (noun m.)

kennings

grænni málu geir-Týs.
‘the green wife of the spear-Týr.’
   = Jǫrð

the spear-Týr. → Óðinn
the green wife of ÓÐINN → Jǫrð

notes

[7-8] grænni málu geir-Týs ‘the green wife of the spear-Týr <god> [= Óðinn > = Jǫrð (jǫrð ‘earth’)]’: See Note to Anon Nkt 8/1, 2.

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Týs ‘Týr’

Týr (noun m.): Týr < geirtýr (noun m.)

[7] Týs: ‘tyrs’ F, ‘‑tyrs’ 8, Flat

kennings

grænni málu geir-Týs.
‘the green wife of the spear-Týr.’
   = Jǫrð

the spear-Týr. → Óðinn
the green wife of ÓÐINN → Jǫrð

notes

[7-8] grænni málu geir-Týs ‘the green wife of the spear-Týr <god> [= Óðinn > = Jǫrð (jǫrð ‘earth’)]’: See Note to Anon Nkt 8/1, 2.

Close

Týs ‘Týr’

Týr (noun m.): Týr < geirtýr (noun m.)

[7] Týs: ‘tyrs’ F, ‘‑tyrs’ 8, Flat

kennings

grænni málu geir-Týs.
‘the green wife of the spear-Týr.’
   = Jǫrð

the spear-Týr. → Óðinn
the green wife of ÓÐINN → Jǫrð

notes

[7-8] grænni málu geir-Týs ‘the green wife of the spear-Týr <god> [= Óðinn > = Jǫrð (jǫrð ‘earth’)]’: See Note to Anon Nkt 8/1, 2.

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grænni ‘the green’

2. grœnn (adj.; °superl. grǿnastr/grǿnstr): green

[8] grænni: grænnu 42ˣ, gróinni 8

kennings

grænni málu geir-Týs.
‘the green wife of the spear-Týr.’
   = Jǫrð

the spear-Týr. → Óðinn
the green wife of ÓÐINN → Jǫrð

notes

[7-8] grænni málu geir-Týs ‘the green wife of the spear-Týr <god> [= Óðinn > = Jǫrð (jǫrð ‘earth’)]’: See Note to Anon Nkt 8/1, 2.

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málu ‘wife’

1. máli (noun m.; °-a; -ar): interlocutor, close companion

kennings

grænni málu geir-Týs.
‘the green wife of the spear-Týr.’
   = Jǫrð

the spear-Týr. → Óðinn
the green wife of ÓÐINN → Jǫrð

notes

[7-8] grænni málu geir-Týs ‘the green wife of the spear-Týr <god> [= Óðinn > = Jǫrð (jǫrð ‘earth’)]’: See Note to Anon Nkt 8/1, 2.

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Both Skúli and Hákon went on horseback to the churchyard where Skúli’s men were penned in. Skúli called on his troops and wanted to advance against Hákon’s standard, but one of his men took hold of the reins of his horse and stopped him. The Birkibeinar threw spears at Skúli and almost hit him.

For this event, see also Ólhv Hryn 12.

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