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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturl Hákkv 11II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarkviða 11’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 708.

Sturla ÞórðarsonHákonarkviða
101112

Lagði ‘put’

leggja (verb): put, lay

[1] Lagði: Hafði Flat

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rösk ‘The daring’

rǫskr (adj.): brave

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hirð ‘retinue’

hirð (noun f.; °-ar; -ir/-ar(FskB— 53‡)): retinue

[3] hirð: so 81a, 8, Flat, om. E, ferð F

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at ‘on’

3. at (prep.): at, to

[4] at: á Flat

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hún ‘of the mast-top’

1. húnn (noun m.; °; húnar): knob < húnskrift (noun f.): decorated cloth of the mast-top

kennings

hreggi blásnar húnskriptr
‘the storm-swept decorated cloth of the mast-top ’
   = SAIL

the storm-swept decorated cloth of the mast-top → SAIL

notes

[5] húnskriptr (f. nom. pl.) ‘decorated cloth of the mast-top [SAIL]’: Sails decorated with pictures (skriptr). See Note to ÞjóðA Magnfl 2/8.

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skriptr ‘decorated cloth’

1. skrift (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): image < húnskrift (noun f.): decorated cloth of the mast-top

[5] ‑skriptr: skript 8

kennings

hreggi blásnar húnskriptr
‘the storm-swept decorated cloth of the mast-top ’
   = SAIL

the storm-swept decorated cloth of the mast-top → SAIL

notes

[5] húnskriptr (f. nom. pl.) ‘decorated cloth of the mast-top [SAIL]’: Sails decorated with pictures (skriptr). See Note to ÞjóðA Magnfl 2/8.

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hreggi ‘the storm’

hregg (noun n.): storm

kennings

hreggi blásnar húnskriptr
‘the storm-swept decorated cloth of the mast-top ’
   = SAIL

the storm-swept decorated cloth of the mast-top → SAIL
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blásnar ‘swept’

2. blása (verb; °blǽss; blés, blésu; blásinn): blow

kennings

hreggi blásnar húnskriptr
‘the storm-swept decorated cloth of the mast-top ’
   = SAIL

the storm-swept decorated cloth of the mast-top → SAIL
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fylkis ‘of the sovereign’

fylkir (noun m.): leader

notes

[7] ferð fylkis ‘the journey of the sovereign’: Kock (NN §2579) takes ferð ‘journey’ in the meaning ‘company’ and treats ferð fylkis ‘the company of the sovereign’ as the subject of the cl. in the second helmingr: ferð fylkis greiddu hreggi blásnar húnskriptr til frama ‘the company of the sovereign arranged the storm-swept sails successfully’ (Kock provides no exact translation here). That interpretation is unlikely in view of the relatively common combinations of greiða ‘make easy’ with ferð ‘journey’ or vegr ‘road, way’ (see Fritzner: greiða 2-3).

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ferð ‘the journey’

ferð (noun f.; °-ar; -ir/-arMork 196¹²)): host, journey

[7] ferð: om. F

notes

[7] ferð fylkis ‘the journey of the sovereign’: Kock (NN §2579) takes ferð ‘journey’ in the meaning ‘company’ and treats ferð fylkis ‘the company of the sovereign’ as the subject of the cl. in the second helmingr: ferð fylkis greiddu hreggi blásnar húnskriptr til frama ‘the company of the sovereign arranged the storm-swept sails successfully’ (Kock provides no exact translation here). That interpretation is unlikely in view of the relatively common combinations of greiða ‘make easy’ with ferð ‘journey’ or vegr ‘road, way’ (see Fritzner: greiða 2-3).

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frama ‘a success’

frami (noun m.): success

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

On the Tuesday after Easter 1240, Hákon sailed south in a fair wind along the south-western coast of Norway to Kvitsøy (south of Karmøy) on his way to force an encounter with Skúli in Oslo.

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