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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Stúfr Stúfdr 8II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Stúfr inn blindi Þórðarson kattar, Stúfsdrápa 8’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 357-8.

Stúfr inn blindi Þórðarson kattarStúfsdrápa
78

sás ‘who’

sás (conj.): the one who

[1] sás vættki (‘sa er vętki’): sá vaski Flat, ‘sa er væcte’ FskAˣ

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vættki ‘not at all’

vættki (noun n.; °vettugis/vettergis, dat. vettugi): nothing

[1] sás vættki (‘sa er vętki’): sá vaski Flat, ‘sa er væcte’ FskAˣ

notes

[1] vættki ‘not at all’: Most earlier eds emend to vekki ‘not at all’ to achieve internal rhyme (so Skj B; ÍF 29), but this assimilation occurred considerably later (see ANG §274.1).

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varðandi ‘The warden’

varðandi (noun m.): defender, warden, guardian

kennings

Varðandi regns geira,
‘The warden of spears’ rain, ’
   = WARRIOR

spears’ rain, → BATTLE
The warden of the BATTLE → WARRIOR
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geira ‘of spears’’

geirr (noun m.): spear

kennings

Varðandi regns geira,
‘The warden of spears’ rain, ’
   = WARRIOR

spears’ rain, → BATTLE
The warden of the BATTLE → WARRIOR
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geira ‘of spears’’

geirr (noun m.): spear

kennings

Varðandi regns geira,
‘The warden of spears’ rain, ’
   = WARRIOR

spears’ rain, → BATTLE
The warden of the BATTLE → WARRIOR
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regns ‘rain’

regn (noun n.; °-s; -): rain

[3] regns: regn Flat, Hr, hreggs FskAˣ

kennings

Varðandi regns geira,
‘The warden of spears’ rain, ’
   = WARRIOR

spears’ rain, → BATTLE
The warden of the BATTLE → WARRIOR
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regns ‘rain’

regn (noun n.; °-s; -): rain

[3] regns: regn Flat, Hr, hreggs FskAˣ

kennings

Varðandi regns geira,
‘The warden of spears’ rain, ’
   = WARRIOR

spears’ rain, → BATTLE
The warden of the BATTLE → WARRIOR
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gǫgnum ‘through’

gegnum (prep.): through

[3] gǫgnum: ‘genum’ Flat, glyggju FskAˣ

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orrostu ‘battle’

orrusta (noun f.; °-u; -ur): battle

[4] orrostu: so Hr, orrustur Mork, H, FskAˣ, ‘ok rostur’ Flat

notes

[4] orrostu (f. dat. sg.) ‘battle’: Orrostur (f. nom. or acc. pl.) ‘battles’ (so Mork, H, FskBˣ) is ungrammatical (the prep. í gǫgnum ‘through’ takes the dat.).

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þaðra ‘there’

þaðra (adv.): there

[4] þaðra: aðrar Flat, ‘þeðra’ FskAˣ

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flýðit ‘fled’

flýja (verb): to flee, take flight

[5] flýðit: flýði Flat, Hr, ‘fluðe at’ FskAˣ

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síðan ‘Later’

síðan (adv.): later, then

notes

[5] síðan ‘then’: Skj B takes this adv. with the following cl., which creates a more convoluted w. o. (see NN §806) and violates the w. o. in an independent cl. (the finite verb must appear in syntactic positions 1 or 2).

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sœm ‘fitting’

sœmr (adj.): fitting

[6] sœm eru þess of dœmi: so Hr, sœm ef þess eru dœmi Mork, H, sœm en þess eru dœmi Flat, sœm ef þess væri dœmi FskAˣ

notes

[6] eru sœm of dœmi þess ‘there are fitting proofs of that’: So Hr, which offers the best reading. Ef eru sœm dœmi þess ‘if there are fitting proofs of that’ (so Mork, H) makes little sense. That also holds true for the FskAˣ variant (ef væri sœm dœmi þess ‘if there were fitting proofs of that’), which, in addition, is hypermetrical. The Flat variant must represent an attempt to restore the meaning (en eru sœm dœmi þess ‘and there are fitting proofs of that’).

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eru ‘there are’

2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

[6] sœm eru þess of dœmi: so Hr, sœm ef þess eru dœmi Mork, H, sœm en þess eru dœmi Flat, sœm ef þess væri dœmi FskAˣ

notes

[6] eru sœm of dœmi þess ‘there are fitting proofs of that’: So Hr, which offers the best reading. Ef eru sœm dœmi þess ‘if there are fitting proofs of that’ (so Mork, H) makes little sense. That also holds true for the FskAˣ variant (ef væri sœm dœmi þess ‘if there were fitting proofs of that’), which, in addition, is hypermetrical. The Flat variant must represent an attempt to restore the meaning (en eru sœm dœmi þess ‘and there are fitting proofs of that’).

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þess ‘of that’

1. sá (pron.; °gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---): that (one), those

[6] sœm eru þess of dœmi: so Hr, sœm ef þess eru dœmi Mork, H, sœm en þess eru dœmi Flat, sœm ef þess væri dœmi FskAˣ

notes

[6] eru sœm of dœmi þess ‘there are fitting proofs of that’: So Hr, which offers the best reading. Ef eru sœm dœmi þess ‘if there are fitting proofs of that’ (so Mork, H) makes little sense. That also holds true for the FskAˣ variant (ef væri sœm dœmi þess ‘if there were fitting proofs of that’), which, in addition, is hypermetrical. The Flat variant must represent an attempt to restore the meaning (en eru sœm dœmi þess ‘and there are fitting proofs of that’).

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of ‘’

3. of (prep.): around, from; too

[6] sœm eru þess of dœmi: so Hr, sœm ef þess eru dœmi Mork, H, sœm en þess eru dœmi Flat, sœm ef þess væri dœmi FskAˣ

notes

[6] eru sœm of dœmi þess ‘there are fitting proofs of that’: So Hr, which offers the best reading. Ef eru sœm dœmi þess ‘if there are fitting proofs of that’ (so Mork, H) makes little sense. That also holds true for the FskAˣ variant (ef væri sœm dœmi þess ‘if there were fitting proofs of that’), which, in addition, is hypermetrical. The Flat variant must represent an attempt to restore the meaning (en eru sœm dœmi þess ‘and there are fitting proofs of that’).

Close

dœmi ‘proofs’

dœmi (noun n.; °-s; -): judgement, example

[6] sœm eru þess of dœmi: so Hr, sœm ef þess eru dœmi Mork, H, sœm en þess eru dœmi Flat, sœm ef þess væri dœmi FskAˣ

notes

[6] eru sœm of dœmi þess ‘there are fitting proofs of that’: So Hr, which offers the best reading. Ef eru sœm dœmi þess ‘if there are fitting proofs of that’ (so Mork, H) makes little sense. That also holds true for the FskAˣ variant (ef væri sœm dœmi þess ‘if there were fitting proofs of that’), which, in addition, is hypermetrical. The Flat variant must represent an attempt to restore the meaning (en eru sœm dœmi þess ‘and there are fitting proofs of that’).

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éls ‘of the storm’

él (noun n.; °; dat. -um): storm

kennings

erkistóli éls.
‘the archiepiscopal seat of the storm.’
   = HEAVEN

the archiepiscopal seat of the storm. → HEAVEN

notes

[7] und erkistóli éls ‘under the archiepiscopal seat of the storm [HEAVEN]’: It is interesting that this poem is much more strongly Christian in tenor than the other poems about Haraldr (see also the content of the klofastef ‘split refrain’). Stúfr’s grandmother, Guðrún Ósvífrsdóttir, is said to have been the first nun and anchoress in Iceland (see ÍF 5, 228), and it could well be that Stúfr grew up in a pious environment.

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und ‘under’

3. und (prep.): under, underneath

notes

[7] und erkistóli éls ‘under the archiepiscopal seat of the storm [HEAVEN]’: It is interesting that this poem is much more strongly Christian in tenor than the other poems about Haraldr (see also the content of the klofastef ‘split refrain’). Stúfr’s grandmother, Guðrún Ósvífrsdóttir, is said to have been the first nun and anchoress in Iceland (see ÍF 5, 228), and it could well be that Stúfr grew up in a pious environment.

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erki ‘the archiepiscopal’

erki- ((prefix)): arch- < erkistóll (noun m.): archbishopric

[7] erki‑: eiki‑ Flat, ‘ækki’ FskAˣ

kennings

erkistóli éls.
‘the archiepiscopal seat of the storm.’
   = HEAVEN

the archiepiscopal seat of the storm. → HEAVEN

notes

[7] und erkistóli éls ‘under the archiepiscopal seat of the storm [HEAVEN]’: It is interesting that this poem is much more strongly Christian in tenor than the other poems about Haraldr (see also the content of the klofastef ‘split refrain’). Stúfr’s grandmother, Guðrún Ósvífrsdóttir, is said to have been the first nun and anchoress in Iceland (see ÍF 5, 228), and it could well be that Stúfr grew up in a pious environment.

Close

stóli ‘seat’

1. stóll (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-; -ar): seat, throne < erkistóll (noun m.): archbishopric

kennings

erkistóli éls.
‘the archiepiscopal seat of the storm.’
   = HEAVEN

the archiepiscopal seat of the storm. → HEAVEN

notes

[7] und erkistóli éls ‘under the archiepiscopal seat of the storm [HEAVEN]’: It is interesting that this poem is much more strongly Christian in tenor than the other poems about Haraldr (see also the content of the klofastef ‘split refrain’). Stúfr’s grandmother, Guðrún Ósvífrsdóttir, is said to have been the first nun and anchoress in Iceland (see ÍF 5, 228), and it could well be that Stúfr grew up in a pious environment.

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jarn ‘iron’

járn (noun n.; °-s; -): iron, weapon

[8] jarn it: jarðar Hr

notes

[8] it fellda jarn ‘the pure iron’: Felldr is the p. p. of the weak verb fella ‘purify iron’ (Fritzner: fellujarn; Falk 1914, 1-2). Finnur Jónsson suggests ‘the drawn sword’ (LP: fella 2; so also ÍF 29), which is not immediately obvious.

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it ‘the’

2. inn (art.): the

[8] jarn it: jarðar Hr

notes

[8] it fellda jarn ‘the pure iron’: Felldr is the p. p. of the weak verb fella ‘purify iron’ (Fritzner: fellujarn; Falk 1914, 1-2). Finnur Jónsson suggests ‘the drawn sword’ (LP: fella 2; so also ÍF 29), which is not immediately obvious.

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fellda ‘pure’

felldr (adj.): killed

notes

[8] it fellda jarn ‘the pure iron’: Felldr is the p. p. of the weak verb fella ‘purify iron’ (Fritzner: fellujarn; Falk 1914, 1-2). Finnur Jónsson suggests ‘the drawn sword’ (LP: fella 2; so also ÍF 29), which is not immediately obvious.

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Haraldr advanced at the battle of Stamford Bridge against Harold Godwineson of England (on 25 September 1066).

For the battle of Stamford Bridge, see also Hharð Lv 13-14, Arn Hardr 10-13 and ÞjóðA Lv 10-11.

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