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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Steinn Óldr 7II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Steinn Herdísarson, Óláfsdrápa 7’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 373-4.

Steinn HerdísarsonÓláfsdrápa
678

Sín ‘his [Óláfr’s]’

3. sinn (pron.; °f. sín, n. sitt): (refl. poss. pron.)

[1] Sín óðǫl: Sína Kˣ, 39, F, E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ, Sín óðal FskBˣ

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óðǫl ‘ancestral properties’

óðal (noun n.; °-s, dat. óð(a)li/óðrli; óðul, dat. óðlum/óðrlum): (hereditary) property

[1] Sín óðǫl: Sína Kˣ, 39, F, E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ, Sín óðal FskBˣ

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mun ‘will’

munu (verb): will, must

[1] mun: mun fyr Kˣ, 39, F, E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ

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sóknstrangr ‘The battle-strong one’

sóknstrangr (adj.): attack-strong

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í ‘in’

í (prep.): in, into

notes

[2] í Kaupangi ‘in Trondheim’: Kaupangr was the earliest name of the city of Trondheim (see Gade 1998). S. Óláfr was first interred in the Church of S. Clement, but he was later moved to Kristkirken (see Notes to Anon Nkt 31 [All] and 35 [All]). Steinn seems to imply that S. Óláfr will use his holy powers to block any threatened take-over by a foreign ruler.

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Kaupangi ‘Trondheim’

kaupangr (noun m.): Trondheim

notes

[2] í Kaupangi ‘in Trondheim’: Kaupangr was the earliest name of the city of Trondheim (see Gade 1998). S. Óláfr was first interred in the Church of S. Clement, but he was later moved to Kristkirken (see Notes to Anon Nkt 31 [All] and 35 [All]). Steinn seems to imply that S. Óláfr will use his holy powers to block any threatened take-over by a foreign ruler.

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þars ‘where’

þars (conj.): where

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heilagr ‘the holy’

heilagr (adj.; °helgan; compar. -ari, superl. -astr): holy, sacred

notes

[3] heilagr gramr ‘the holy ruler’: This is S. Óláfr. For the notion of Norway as Óláfr’s patrimony, see also Þloft Glækv 9/1-2, 4I, where Þórarinn gives the following advice to Sveinn Álfífuson: Bið láf at unni þér grundar sinnar ‘Ask Óláfr that he grant you his land’.

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gramr ‘ruler’

1. gramr (noun m.): ruler

notes

[3] heilagr gramr ‘the holy ruler’: This is S. Óláfr. For the notion of Norway as Óláfr’s patrimony, see also Þloft Glækv 9/1-2, 4I, where Þórarinn gives the following advice to Sveinn Álfífuson: Bið láf at unni þér grundar sinnar ‘Ask Óláfr that he grant you his land’.

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hvílir ‘rests’

2. hvíla (verb): rest

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jǫfurr ‘prince’

jǫfurr (noun m.): ruler, prince

[4] jǫfurr: konungr FskBˣ

notes

[4] jǫfurr (m. nom. sg.) ‘prince’: Can also be part of the subject in the first cl.: sóknstrangr jǫfurr ‘the battle-strong prince’ (so Skj B; ÍF 28; ÍF 29). However, if ll. of this type (Type A2k Verbal Even) contain a parenthetic cl., the sentence boundary falls after metrical position 4, not after position 2 (see Gade 1995a, 122-3; NN §§892).

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banna ‘refuse’

2. banna (verb; °-að-): forbid, refuse

[4] banna: bannar F

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Ôláfr ‘Óláfr’

Óláfr (noun m.): Óláfr

notes

[6] Ôláfr ‘Óláfr’: The internal rhyme (l- : -l-) warrants the form láfr rather than Óláfr here (see Note to st. 5/8 above).

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hôla ‘certainly’

hála (adv.): vastly

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Ulfs ‘Úlfr’s’

1. ulfr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): wolf

kennings

arfi Ulfs
‘Úlfr’s heir ’
   = Sveinn

Úlfr’s heir → Sveinn
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þarfat ‘need not make’

þarfa (verb): [need not make]

[7] þarfat: þarfa Kˣ, ‘þærfat’ FskBˣ

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þar ‘there’

þar (adv.): there

[7] þar: því 39, F, E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ, ‘þer’ FskAˣ

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arfi ‘heir’

arfi (noun m.; °-a; -ar): heir, heiress

kennings

arfi Ulfs
‘Úlfr’s heir ’
   = Sveinn

Úlfr’s heir → Sveinn
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alls ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

[8] alls: all J2ˣ

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Nóregs ‘Norway’

Noregr (noun m.): Norway

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kalla ‘a claim’

kalla (verb): call

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

As sts 6-11. In Mork, Fsk, and Hkr, this is the first st. (in Hkr the only st.) cited after Sveinn Úlfsson declared war on Norway. H-Hr constructs a new prose environment and moves the st. to document events that took place after Óláfr’s reconciliation with Sveinn.

Sveinn Úlfsson was king of Denmark (r. 1047-1074/76). See ‘Royal Biographies’ in Introduction to this vol.

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