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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Steinn Nizv 7II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Steinn Herdísarson, Nizarvísur 7’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 365-6.

Steinn HerdísarsonNizarvísur
67

myndi ‘would’

munu (verb): will, must

[1] myndi: mundi all

notes

[1] myndi (3rd pers. sg. pret. subj.) ‘would’: The subj. form of the verb is required by the syntax. The indic. (mundi 3rd pers. sg. pret. indic., so all mss) is very rare in hypothetical main clauses (see NS §199 anm.).

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allvaldr ‘The mighty ruler’

allvaldr (noun m.; °-s; -ar): mighty ruler

kennings

Allvaldr Dana
‘The mighty ruler of the Danes ’
   = Sveinn

The mighty ruler of the Danes → Sveinn
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Dana ‘of the Danes’

danr (noun m.; °dat. -; -ir): Dane

kennings

Allvaldr Dana
‘The mighty ruler of the Danes ’
   = Sveinn

The mighty ruler of the Danes → Sveinn
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snotran ‘the wise’

snotr (adj.): wise

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menn ‘men’

maðr (noun m.): man, person

notes

[5] menn fyr sunnan sæ ‘men south of the sea’: This refers to the Danes who fought on Sveinn’s side during the battle of the Nissan. According to Saxo (2005, II, 11, 5, pp. 12-17), Sveinn lost the battle because the Dan. troops from Skåne (Scania) deserted him. Skj B takes the prepositional phrase fyr sunnan sæ ‘south of the sea’ with the rel. cl. (þeirs heldu herskildi ‘who held the war-shield’ (l. 7)), and ÍF 35 construes it with the last cl. (ferðir reiddusk sverð at ‘troops swung swords at [each other]’ (l. 6)).

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fyr ‘’

fyr (prep.): for, over, because of, etc.

notes

[5] menn fyr sunnan sæ ‘men south of the sea’: This refers to the Danes who fought on Sveinn’s side during the battle of the Nissan. According to Saxo (2005, II, 11, 5, pp. 12-17), Sveinn lost the battle because the Dan. troops from Skåne (Scania) deserted him. Skj B takes the prepositional phrase fyr sunnan sæ ‘south of the sea’ with the rel. cl. (þeirs heldu herskildi ‘who held the war-shield’ (l. 7)), and ÍF 35 construes it with the last cl. (ferðir reiddusk sverð at ‘troops swung swords at [each other]’ (l. 6)).

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‘of the sea’

sjór (noun m.): sea

notes

[5] menn fyr sunnan sæ ‘men south of the sea’: This refers to the Danes who fought on Sveinn’s side during the battle of the Nissan. According to Saxo (2005, II, 11, 5, pp. 12-17), Sveinn lost the battle because the Dan. troops from Skåne (Scania) deserted him. Skj B takes the prepositional phrase fyr sunnan sæ ‘south of the sea’ with the rel. cl. (þeirs heldu herskildi ‘who held the war-shield’ (l. 7)), and ÍF 35 construes it with the last cl. (ferðir reiddusk sverð at ‘troops swung swords at [each other]’ (l. 6)).

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sunnan ‘south’

sunnan (adv.): (from the) south

notes

[5] menn fyr sunnan sæ ‘men south of the sea’: This refers to the Danes who fought on Sveinn’s side during the battle of the Nissan. According to Saxo (2005, II, 11, 5, pp. 12-17), Sveinn lost the battle because the Dan. troops from Skåne (Scania) deserted him. Skj B takes the prepositional phrase fyr sunnan sæ ‘south of the sea’ with the rel. cl. (þeirs heldu herskildi ‘who held the war-shield’ (l. 7)), and ÍF 35 construes it with the last cl. (ferðir reiddusk sverð at ‘troops swung swords at [each other]’ (l. 6)).

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sverð ‘swords’

sverð (noun n.; °-s; -): sword

[6] sverð reiddusk: ‘[…]’ 180b

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reiddusk ‘swung’

2. reiða (verb): carry

[6] sverð reiddusk: ‘[…]’ 180b

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at ‘at [each other]’

3. at (prep.): at, to

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þeirs ‘who’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

[7] þeirs (‘þeir er’): þeir 20b I, 180b

notes

[7] þeirs heldu herskildi ‘who held the war-shield’: For the possible insertion of this l. in st. 5/5 above, see Note to st. 5 [All]. For herskjǫldr ‘war-shield’, see Falk 1914, 131-2. See also Steinn Óldr 11/3 below.

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herskildi ‘the war-shield’

herskjǫldr (noun m.): war-shield

notes

[7] þeirs heldu herskildi ‘who held the war-shield’: For the possible insertion of this l. in st. 5/5 above, see Note to st. 5 [All]. For herskjǫldr ‘war-shield’, see Falk 1914, 131-2. See also Steinn Óldr 11/3 below.

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heldu ‘held’

halda (verb): hold, keep

notes

[7] þeirs heldu herskildi ‘who held the war-shield’: For the possible insertion of this l. in st. 5/5 above, see Note to st. 5 [All]. For herskjǫldr ‘war-shield’, see Falk 1914, 131-2. See also Steinn Óldr 11/3 below.

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hrafn ‘the raven’

hrafn (noun m.; °hrafns; dat. hrafni; hrafnar): raven < hrafnfœðir (noun m.)

kennings

hrafnfœði
‘the raven-feeder ’
   = WARRIOR

the raven-feeder → WARRIOR
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fœði ‘feeder’

fœðir (noun m.): feeder, nourisher < hrafnfœðir (noun m.)

[8] ‑fœði: fœðir 20b I

kennings

hrafnfœði
‘the raven-feeder ’
   = WARRIOR

the raven-feeder → WARRIOR
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tœði ‘had supported’

tjá (verb): to put in order, prepare

[8] tœði: ‘teði’ or ‘reði’ 20b I, tœðir 180b

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As st. 6 above.

20dˣ is in the hand of ÁM.

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