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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Leið 27VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Leiðarvísan 27’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 165-6.

Anonymous PoemsLeiðarvísan
262728

Sinn ‘his’

3. sinn (pron.; °f. sín, n. sitt): (refl. poss. pron.)

notes

[1]: Finnur Jónsson (Skj B), followed by Kock (Skald), emends to Sín veitti dag dróttins, construing sín with dýr tkn (l. 2) ‘his precious tokens’. Dróttins is construed with dag, to give himins stýrir veitti dag dróttins sín dýr tkn ‘the steerer of heaven granted his precious tokens on the day of the Lord’.

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veitti ‘granted’

2. veita (verb): grant, give

notes

[1]: Finnur Jónsson (Skj B), followed by Kock (Skald), emends to Sín veitti dag dróttins, construing sín with dýr tkn (l. 2) ‘his precious tokens’. Dróttins is construed with dag, to give himins stýrir veitti dag dróttins sín dýr tkn ‘the steerer of heaven granted his precious tokens on the day of the Lord’.

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dag ‘day’

dagr (noun m.; °-s, dat. degi/dag/dagi(Thom¹ 332¹‡n.); -ar): day

notes

[1]: Finnur Jónsson (Skj B), followed by Kock (Skald), emends to Sín veitti dag dróttins, construing sín with dýr tkn (l. 2) ‘his precious tokens’. Dróttins is construed with dag, to give himins stýrir veitti dag dróttins sín dýr tkn ‘the steerer of heaven granted his precious tokens on the day of the Lord’.

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dróttinn ‘The Lord’

dróttinn (noun m.; °dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar): lord, master

notes

[1]: Finnur Jónsson (Skj B), followed by Kock (Skald), emends to Sín veitti dag dróttins, construing sín with dýr tkn (l. 2) ‘his precious tokens’. Dróttins is construed with dag, to give himins stýrir veitti dag dróttins sín dýr tkn ‘the steerer of heaven granted his precious tokens on the day of the Lord’.

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himins ‘of heaven’

himinn (noun m.; °himins, dat. himni; himnar): heaven, sky

kennings

stýrir himins,
‘steerer of heaven, ’
   = God

steerer of heaven, → God

notes

[2] stýrir himins ‘steerer of heaven [= God]’: God-kennings involving stýrir m. ‘steerer’ are a common feature of the image-structure of Leið. Cf. stýrir aldar ‘steerer of men’ 3/5; stýrir alls tírar ‘steerer of all glory’ 24/3-4; stýrir heims ‘steerer of the world’ 14/5.

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stýrir ‘steerer’

stýrir (noun m.): ruler, controller

kennings

stýrir himins,
‘steerer of heaven, ’
   = God

steerer of heaven, → God

notes

[2] stýrir himins ‘steerer of heaven [= God]’: God-kennings involving stýrir m. ‘steerer’ are a common feature of the image-structure of Leið. Cf. stýrir aldar ‘steerer of men’ 3/5; stýrir alls tírar ‘steerer of all glory’ 24/3-4; stýrir heims ‘steerer of the world’ 14/5.

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kvaddan ‘’

2. kveðja (verb): say, greet < lofkvaddr (adj./verb p.p.)

[4] ‑kvaddan: so 624, 399a‑bˣ, ‘‑[...]ddan’ B

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Rǫskr ‘The valiant’

rǫskr (adj.): brave

kennings

Rǫskr friðkennandi
‘The valiant peace-bringer ’
   = God

The valiant peace-bringer → God
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fljótt ‘quickly’

2. fljótr (adj.): quick

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fiskum ‘fishes’

fiskr (noun m.): fish

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frið ‘peace’

friðr (noun m.): peace < friðkennandi (noun m.)

kennings

Rǫskr friðkennandi
‘The valiant peace-bringer ’
   = God

The valiant peace-bringer → God
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kennandi ‘bringer’

kennandi (noun m.; °-a; kennendr): bringer, conveyor, tester < friðkennandi (noun m.)

kennings

Rǫskr friðkennandi
‘The valiant peace-bringer ’
   = God

The valiant peace-bringer → God
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tvennum ‘two’

tvennr (adj.): two

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fjǫlða ‘a multitude’

fjǫlði (noun m.): multitude

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fríðum ‘beautiful’

fríðr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): beautiful, fair

[7] fríðum: ‘fyrdum’ 624

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hleifum ‘loaves’

hleifr (noun m.; °dat. -i/-; -ar): loaf

[8] hleifum: ‘leife’ 624

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reifa ‘’

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reifan ‘happy’

2. reifr (adj.): happy

[8] reifan: reifa B, ‘refi’ added in margin 624

notes

[8] reifan: Finnur Jónsson emended B’s reifa ‘to enrich, present with’ to reifan, m. acc. sg. of reifr ‘glad, cheerful’, agreeing with fjǫlða (l. 7) and this emendation is accepted here. Kock (NN §2142) construed B’s reifa with vann (l. 5), to give the sense ‘succeeded in enriching’, but vinna is nowhere attested with the inf., other than in Kock’s own readings proposed in this note.

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The order of sts 27 and 28 is reversed in B, though marginal notes in the scribal hand indicate the correct order, which is confirmed by the content of the sts.

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