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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sigv Berv 13II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Sigvatr Þórðarson, Bersǫglisvísur 13’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 24-5.

Sigvatr ÞórðarsonBersǫglisvísur
121314

eggjar ‘urges’

eggja (verb; °-að-): urge

[1] eggjar: ‘korar’ 972ˣ(585vb), ‘eg[...]’ 325VII

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heiptar ‘vengeful’

heift (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): hatred, enmity < heiftarstrangr (adj.)

[2] heiptar‑: ‘h[...]iptar’ 325VII, heiptar heiptar Tóm

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ganga ‘go’

2. ganga (verb; geng, gekk, gengu, genginn): walk, go

[2] ganga: ‘[...]’ 325VII

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opt ‘Frequently’

opt (adv.): often

notes

[3, 4] opt reynir þú þunn stôl ‘frequently you test slender swords’: The main variant readings opt rýðr þegnum þínum ‘often you redden slender swords for your followers’ (so 325XI 3, Flat), opt rýðr þegnum þýðum ‘often you redden slender swords for your cheerful followers’ (so H, Hr)’ are possible but less preferable from a metrical point of view. The Flat, 325XI 3 variant lacks internal rhyme and, in the H-Hr version, in which þýðum ‘cheerful’ clearly represents an attempt to restore internal rhyme, the first rhyme falls on an unstressed syllable (rýðr ‘redden’) (see also Louis-Jensen 1977, 152-5). The presence of the word þegn ‘follower’ in H, Hr, 325XI 3 and Flat could have been influenced by its occurrence in the two preceding sts and in the following st.

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reynir ‘test’

reyna (verb): test, try, experience

[3] reynir þú: rýðr þegnum H, Hr, 325XI 3, Flat

notes

[3, 4] opt reynir þú þunn stôl ‘frequently you test slender swords’: The main variant readings opt rýðr þegnum þínum ‘often you redden slender swords for your followers’ (so 325XI 3, Flat), opt rýðr þegnum þýðum ‘often you redden slender swords for your cheerful followers’ (so H, Hr)’ are possible but less preferable from a metrical point of view. The Flat, 325XI 3 variant lacks internal rhyme and, in the H-Hr version, in which þýðum ‘cheerful’ clearly represents an attempt to restore internal rhyme, the first rhyme falls on an unstressed syllable (rýðr ‘redden’) (see also Louis-Jensen 1977, 152-5). The presence of the word þegn ‘follower’ in H, Hr, 325XI 3 and Flat could have been influenced by its occurrence in the two preceding sts and in the following st.

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þú ‘you’

þú (pron.; °gen. þín, dat. þér, acc. þik): you

[3] reynir þú: rýðr þegnum H, Hr, 325XI 3, Flat

notes

[3, 4] opt reynir þú þunn stôl ‘frequently you test slender swords’: The main variant readings opt rýðr þegnum þínum ‘often you redden slender swords for your followers’ (so 325XI 3, Flat), opt rýðr þegnum þýðum ‘often you redden slender swords for your cheerful followers’ (so H, Hr)’ are possible but less preferable from a metrical point of view. The Flat, 325XI 3 variant lacks internal rhyme and, in the H-Hr version, in which þýðum ‘cheerful’ clearly represents an attempt to restore internal rhyme, the first rhyme falls on an unstressed syllable (rýðr ‘redden’) (see also Louis-Jensen 1977, 152-5). The presence of the word þegn ‘follower’ in H, Hr, 325XI 3 and Flat could have been influenced by its occurrence in the two preceding sts and in the following st.

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þínum ‘your’

þinn (pron.; °f. þín, n. þitt): your

[3] þínum: þinna 61, þýðum H, Hr

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þunn ‘slender’

þunnr (adj.): slender, thin

[4] þunn stôl: þunnsta H

notes

[3, 4] opt reynir þú þunn stôl ‘frequently you test slender swords’: The main variant readings opt rýðr þegnum þínum ‘often you redden slender swords for your followers’ (so 325XI 3, Flat), opt rýðr þegnum þýðum ‘often you redden slender swords for your cheerful followers’ (so H, Hr)’ are possible but less preferable from a metrical point of view. The Flat, 325XI 3 variant lacks internal rhyme and, in the H-Hr version, in which þýðum ‘cheerful’ clearly represents an attempt to restore internal rhyme, the first rhyme falls on an unstressed syllable (rýðr ‘redden’) (see also Louis-Jensen 1977, 152-5). The presence of the word þegn ‘follower’ in H, Hr, 325XI 3 and Flat could have been influenced by its occurrence in the two preceding sts and in the following st.

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stôl ‘swords’

1. stál (noun n.; °-s; -): steel, weapon, prow

[4] þunn stôl: þunnsta H

notes

[3, 4] opt reynir þú þunn stôl ‘frequently you test slender swords’: The main variant readings opt rýðr þegnum þínum ‘often you redden slender swords for your followers’ (so 325XI 3, Flat), opt rýðr þegnum þýðum ‘often you redden slender swords for your cheerful followers’ (so H, Hr)’ are possible but less preferable from a metrical point of view. The Flat, 325XI 3 variant lacks internal rhyme and, in the H-Hr version, in which þýðum ‘cheerful’ clearly represents an attempt to restore internal rhyme, the first rhyme falls on an unstressed syllable (rýðr ‘redden’) (see also Louis-Jensen 1977, 152-5). The presence of the word þegn ‘follower’ in H, Hr, 325XI 3 and Flat could have been influenced by its occurrence in the two preceding sts and in the following st.

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á ‘’

3. á (prep.): on, at

[4] á: ok 325XI 3, Flat

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orðr ‘to his word’

2. -orðr (adj.): -worded < fastorðr (adj.)

[5] ‑orðr: ‑orð Tóm, 325XI 3, Flat

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skyli ‘must’

skulu (verb): shall, should, must

[5] skyli: skyldi Tóm

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feng ‘A prosperous’

fengr (noun m.; °-jar/-s, dat. -/-i): loot < fengsæll (adj.)

[6] feng‑: ‘fegn’ Bb, ‘feig‑’ 325XI 3

notes

[6] fengsæll ‘prosperous’: Skj B takes this with hjaldrmǫgnuðr ‘battle-increaser’ (i.e. ‘warrior’) in l. 8, which results in a very convoluted w. o. (see NN §654).

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sæll ‘’

sæll (adj.): happy, blessed < fengsæll (adj.)

notes

[6] fengsæll ‘prosperous’: Skj B takes this with hjaldrmǫgnuðr ‘battle-increaser’ (i.e. ‘warrior’) in l. 8, which results in a very convoluted w. o. (see NN §654).

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þengill ‘prince’

þengill (noun m.): prince, ruler

[6] þengill: ‘Thorgill’ 972ˣ(585vb)

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heit ‘pledges’

heit (noun n.; °; -): promise

[7] heit: heipt Bb, hitt FskBˣ

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rjúfa ‘break’

rjúfa (verb): break

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hjaldr ‘battle-’

1. hjaldr (noun m.): battle < hjaldrmǫgnuðr (noun m.)

kennings

hjaldrmǫgnuðr.
‘battle-increaser.’
   = WARRIOR

battle-increaser. → WARRIOR
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mǫgnuðr ‘increaser’

mǫgnuðr (noun m.): increaser < hjaldrmǫgnuðr (noun m.)

[8] ‑mǫgnuðr: so 39, E, J2ˣ, Holm2, 972ˣ(584va), 972ˣ(585vb), 321ˣ, 325V, 325XI 3, ‑magnaðr Kˣ, 325VI, FskBˣ, H, Hr, Flat, mǫgnuð 73aˣ, Bb, magn ok 61, magni Tóm, ‘‑mavgnavdr’ 325XI 3

kennings

hjaldrmǫgnuðr.
‘battle-increaser.’
   = WARRIOR

battle-increaser. → WARRIOR
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þér ‘for you’

þú (pron.; °gen. þín, dat. þér, acc. þik): you

[8] þér: því E, Tóm, þar 972ˣ(585vb), þeir 321ˣ, om. 325XI 3, Flat

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aldri ‘never’

aldri (adv.): never

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