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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Ólhv Hryn 9II

Lauren Goetting (ed.) 2009, ‘Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, Hrynhenda 9’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 666.

Óláfr hvítaskáld ÞórðarsonHrynhenda
8910

Norðan rendi næst, þás spurðisk,
nafnkunnr jǫfurr skíðum stafna,
— bárur léku brǫndum hæri —
brodda hríð, fyr Nóregs síðu.
Þrútin lágu veðr á vatni;
vinda ript né gramr bað svipta;
snarr yngvi kvað sigrbyr fenginn
sinni ferð at hjaldri stinnum.

Nafnkunnr jǫfurr rendi næst {skíðum stafna} norðan fyr síðu Nóregs, þás spurðisk {hríð brodda}; bárur léku hæri brǫndum. Þrútin veðr lágu á vatni; né bað gramr svipta {ript vinda}; snarr yngvi kvað sigrbyr fenginn ferð sinni at stinnum hjaldri.

The famous prince next impelled {skis of stems} [SHIPS] from the north along the coast of Norway when {a storm of arrow-points} [BATTLE] was reported; the waves rose higher than the prows. Heavy winds pressed upon the water; the king did not command that {the cloth of winds} [SAIL] be taken down; the brave monarch said that a favouring wind of victory had been given to his company for the fierce battle.

Mss: E(175v), 55 A(1rb), F(110ra-b), 42ˣ(160v), 81a(107vb), 8(55r), Flat(178rb) (Hák)

Readings: [1] næst: ‘[...]t’ 55 A    [2] jǫfurr skíðum: jǫfra skipum 55 A, jǫfurr 8, jǫfurr skeiðar Flat;    stafna: ‘[...]’ 55 A, stafni Flat    [3] bárur: ‘[...]’ 55 A;    hæri: hærra 81a    [4] brodda: borða Flat;    Nóregs síðu: ‘norreg[...]’ 55 A    [5] Þrútin lágu: ‘[...]agu’ 55 A, lágu þrútin 8    [6] ript: ‘hript’ 42ˣ, dript 81a, skript Flat;    bað svipta: ‘b[...]’ 55 A    [7] snarr: ‘[...]arr’ 55 A, snarri 42ˣ;    fenginn: slunginn Flat    [8] sinni ferð at hjaldri: ‘si[...] alldri’ 55 A;    hjaldri: ‘halldri’ 81a

Editions: Skj AII, 95-6, Skj BII, 107, Skald II, 57, NN §2989C; E 1916, 599, F 1871, 511, Hák 1910-86, 549, Hák 1977-82, 122, Flat 1860-8, III, 147.

Context: Shortly after Easter 1240, Hákon and his retinue sailed with strong winds toward Oslo, where he planned to attack Skúli and his men.

Notes: [All]: For Hákon’s journey by ship to Oslo, see also Sturl Hákkv 11-13. — [1] næst ‘next’: This adv. could also be construed with the second cl. (so Skald and Skj B) þás næst spurðisk hríð brodda ‘when a storm of arrow-points was next reported’. — [3] léku ‘rose’: Lit. ‘played’. The verb leika (léku 3rd pers. pl. pret. indic.) in the present context denotes the upward or swinging motion of the waves (see LP: leika 1; CVC: leika II). — [5] þrútin veðr lágu á vatni ‘heavy winds pressed upon the water’: Lit. ‘swollen winds’. See also Note to Ólhv Lv 1/4.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  5. LP = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1931. Lexicon poeticum antiquæ linguæ septentrionalis: Ordbog over det norsk-islandske skjaldesprog oprindelig forfattet af Sveinbjörn Egilsson. 2nd edn. Copenhagen: Møller.
  6. CVC = Cleasby, Richard, Gudbrand Vigfusson [Guðbrandur Vigfússon] and W. A. Craigie. 1957. An Icelandic-English Dictionary. 2nd edn. Oxford: Clarendon.
  7. Flat 1860-8 = Gudbrand Vigfusson [Guðbrandur Vigfússon] and C. R. Unger, eds. 1860-8. Flateyjarbók. En samling af norske konge-sagaer med indskudte mindre fortællinger om begivenheder i og udenfor Norge samt annaler. 3 vols. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  8. F 1871 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1871. Fríssbók: Codex Frisianus. En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  9. E 1916 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1916. Eirspennill: AM 47 fol. Nóregs konunga sǫgur: Magnús góði – Hákon gamli. Kristiania (Oslo): Den norske historiske kildeskriftskommission.
  10. Hák 1977-82 = Mundt, Marina, ed. 1977. Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar etter Sth. 8 fol., AM 325VIII, 4° og AM 304, 4°. Oslo: Forlagsentralen. Suppl. by James E. Knirk, Rettelser til Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar etter Sth. 8 fol., AM 325VIII, 4° og AM 304, 4°. Norrøne tekster 2. Oslo: Norsk historisk kjeldeskrift-institutt, 1982.
  11. Hák 1910-86 = Kjær, Albert and Ludvig Holm-Olsen, eds. 1910-86. Det Arnamagnæanske haandskrift 81a fol. (Skálholtsbók yngsta) indeholdende Sverris saga, Bǫglungasǫgur, Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar. Oslo: Den norske historiske kildeskriftkommission and Kjeldeskriftfondet.
  12. Internal references
  13. Lauren Goetting (ed.) 2009, ‘Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, Lausavísur 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 670-1.
  14. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarkviða 11’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 708.
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