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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Mark Eirdr 9II

Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2009, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa 9’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 441.

Markús SkeggjasonEiríksdrápa
8910

Bróðir ‘The brother’

bróðir (noun m.; °bróður/brǿðr/bróðurs, dat. bróður/brǿðr/breðr, acc. bróður/brǿðr; brǿðr/bróðr/breðr (brǿðrirnir Jvs291 75¹⁴), gen. brǿ---): brother

kennings

Bróðir fimm hǫfuðskjǫldunga
‘The brother of five principal kings ’
   = Eiríkr

The brother of five principal kings → Eiríkr
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Bôr ‘Bari’

Bár (noun f.): [Bari]

notes

[1] Bôr ‘Bari’: A town in south-eastern Italy, where the relics of S. Nicholas, C4th bishop of Myra, were taken in 1087. The shrine, consecrated by Pope Urban II in 1089, became one of the great pilgrimage destinations of medieval Europe. Bari, which is mentioned in Abbot Nikulás’s Leiðarvísir ( I, 20), was apparently a place of special interest to the Icelanders. See also Anon NikdrIII and Sigfús Blöndal 1949.

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vildi ‘wanted’

vilja (verb): want, intend

notes

[2] vildi magna guðdóm ‘wanted to strengthen God’s dominion’: I.e. by undertaking a pilgrimage on foot to a holy site associated with a popular saint.

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guðdóm ‘God’s dominion’

guðdómr (noun m.): God’s dominion

notes

[2] vildi magna guðdóm ‘wanted to strengthen God’s dominion’: I.e. by undertaking a pilgrimage on foot to a holy site associated with a popular saint.

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magna ‘to strengthen’

magna (verb): strengthen, increase

notes

[2] vildi magna guðdóm ‘wanted to strengthen God’s dominion’: I.e. by undertaking a pilgrimage on foot to a holy site associated with a popular saint.

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hlífa ‘protect’

hlífa (verb): protect

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stilli ‘the prince’

stillir (noun m.): ruler

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hǫfuðskjǫldunga ‘principal kings’

hǫfuðskjǫldungr (noun m.): [principal kings]

kennings

Bróðir fimm hǫfuðskjǫldunga
‘The brother of five principal kings ’
   = Eiríkr

The brother of five principal kings → Eiríkr

notes

[4] fimm hǫfuðskjǫldunga ‘of five principal kings’: Lit. ‘five main Skjǫldungar’. Skjǫldungr, which is a heiti for ‘king, prince’, lit. means ‘descendant of Skjǫldr’. Skjǫldr was a legendary Dan. king (see ÍF 35, 1-90; SnE 1998, II, 507). For Eiríkr’s brothers, the sons of Sveinn Úlfsson, see Note to Anon (Knýtl) 1/8. Five of them (Haraldr, S. Knútr, Eiríkr, Óláfr and Nikulás) were kings of Denmark.

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fimm ‘of five’

fimm (num. cardinal): five

kennings

Bróðir fimm hǫfuðskjǫldunga
‘The brother of five principal kings ’
   = Eiríkr

The brother of five principal kings → Eiríkr

notes

[4] fimm hǫfuðskjǫldunga ‘of five principal kings’: Lit. ‘five main Skjǫldungar’. Skjǫldungr, which is a heiti for ‘king, prince’, lit. means ‘descendant of Skjǫldr’. Skjǫldr was a legendary Dan. king (see ÍF 35, 1-90; SnE 1998, II, 507). For Eiríkr’s brothers, the sons of Sveinn Úlfsson, see Note to Anon (Knýtl) 1/8. Five of them (Haraldr, S. Knútr, Eiríkr, Óláfr and Nikulás) were kings of Denmark.

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From Rome, Eiríkr proceeded on foot to Venice (see st. 8 above) and then to Bari.

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