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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Kálf Kátr 46VII

Kirsten Wolf (ed.) 2007, ‘Kálfr Hallsson, Kátrínardrápa 46’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 960-1.

Kálfr HallssonKátrínardrápa
454647

blóði ‘blood’

blóð (noun n.; °-s): blood

notes

[1-2] blóði og holdi skapara þjóðar ‘the blood and flesh [of the creator of people] [= God]’: A kenning-like reference to the bread and wine of the Eucharist.

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og ‘and’

3. ok (conj.): and, but; also

notes

[1-2] blóði og holdi skapara þjóðar ‘the blood and flesh [of the creator of people] [= God]’: A kenning-like reference to the bread and wine of the Eucharist.

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holdi ‘flesh’

hold (noun n.; °-s; -): flesh

notes

[1-2] blóði og holdi skapara þjóðar ‘the blood and flesh [of the creator of people] [= God]’: A kenning-like reference to the bread and wine of the Eucharist.

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skapara ‘of the creator’

skapari (noun m.; °-a): (the) creator

kennings

skapara þjóðar;
‘of the creator of people; ’
   = God

the creator of people; → God

notes

[1-2] blóði og holdi skapara þjóðar ‘the blood and flesh [of the creator of people] [= God]’: A kenning-like reference to the bread and wine of the Eucharist.

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þjóðar ‘of people’

þjóð (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir): people

kennings

skapara þjóðar;
‘of the creator of people; ’
   = God

the creator of people; → God

notes

[1-2] blóði og holdi skapara þjóðar ‘the blood and flesh [of the creator of people] [= God]’: A kenning-like reference to the bread and wine of the Eucharist.

Close

sálliga ‘painfully’

sárligr (adj.): painful

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öllum ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

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vafðr ‘entangled’

2. vefja (verb): wrap

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lyndi ‘to wickedness’

lyndi (noun n.; °-s): mind

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hneitis ‘of the sword’

hneitir (noun m.): sword

kennings

pálmum hneitis
‘the palm-trees of the sword ’
   = WARRIORS

the palm-trees of the sword → WARRIORS
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pálmum ‘the palm-trees’

palmr (noun m.; °; -ar): palm-tree

kennings

pálmum hneitis
‘the palm-trees of the sword ’
   = WARRIORS

the palm-trees of the sword → WARRIORS
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sem ‘as well as’

sem (conj.): as, which

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oftar ‘more often’

opt (adv.): often

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Yggjar ‘of Yggr’s’

1. Yggr (noun m.): Yggr

kennings

runnar Yggjar báls
‘the trees of Yggr’s fire ’
   = WARRIORS

Yggr’s fire → SWORDS
the trees of SWORDS → WARRIORS
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Yggjar ‘of Yggr’s’

1. Yggr (noun m.): Yggr

kennings

runnar Yggjar báls
‘the trees of Yggr’s fire ’
   = WARRIORS

Yggr’s fire → SWORDS
the trees of SWORDS → WARRIORS
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báls ‘fire’

bál (noun n.; °-s; -): fire

kennings

runnar Yggjar báls
‘the trees of Yggr’s fire ’
   = WARRIORS

Yggr’s fire → SWORDS
the trees of SWORDS → WARRIORS
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báls ‘fire’

bál (noun n.; °-s; -): fire

kennings

runnar Yggjar báls
‘the trees of Yggr’s fire ’
   = WARRIORS

Yggr’s fire → SWORDS
the trees of SWORDS → WARRIORS
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runnar ‘the trees’

runnr (noun m.; °dat. -i/-; -ar): bush, tree

kennings

runnar Yggjar báls
‘the trees of Yggr’s fire ’
   = WARRIORS

Yggr’s fire → SWORDS
the trees of SWORDS → WARRIORS
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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

It is doubtful whether the poet’s confession of the sins of adultery, theft and homicide, along with his partaking of the Eucharist without having been absolved from these sins, should be taken literally. For a similar statement of self-abasement, see Gamlkan Has 7-16.

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