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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Kálf Kátr 44VII

Kirsten Wolf (ed.) 2007, ‘Kálfr Hallsson, Kátrínardrápa 44’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 959.

Kálfr HallssonKátrínardrápa
434445

Linna ‘of serpents’

linnr (noun m.): snake

kennings

Njörðr leitis linna
‘The Njörðr of the hill of serpents ’
   = MAN

the hill of serpents → GOLD
The Njörðr of the GOLD → MAN
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Linna ‘of serpents’

linnr (noun m.): snake

kennings

Njörðr leitis linna
‘The Njörðr of the hill of serpents ’
   = MAN

the hill of serpents → GOLD
The Njörðr of the GOLD → MAN
Close

líkam ‘body’

líkamr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -/-i; -ir): body

[1] líkam hennar: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘likam [...]’ 713, ‘líka[...]’ 920ˣ

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hennar ‘her’

hann (pron.; °gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana): he, she, it, they, them...

[1] líkam hennar: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘likam [...]’ 713, ‘líka[...]’ 920ˣ

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leitis ‘of the hill’

leiti (noun n.; °-s; -): mound, hill

kennings

Njörðr leitis linna
‘The Njörðr of the hill of serpents ’
   = MAN

the hill of serpents → GOLD
The Njörðr of the GOLD → MAN
Close

leitis ‘of the hill’

leiti (noun n.; °-s; -): mound, hill

kennings

Njörðr leitis linna
‘The Njörðr of the hill of serpents ’
   = MAN

the hill of serpents → GOLD
The Njörðr of the GOLD → MAN
Close

Njörðr ‘Njörðr’

Njǫrðr (noun m.): Njǫrðr

kennings

Njörðr leitis linna
‘The Njörðr of the hill of serpents ’
   = MAN

the hill of serpents → GOLD
The Njörðr of the GOLD → MAN
Close

öndin ‘the soul’

andi (noun m.; °-a; -ar): spirit, soul

notes

[3] öndin (f. nom. sg.) ‘the soul’: Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) and Kock (Skald) emend öndin to andinn; the emendation seems unnecessary.

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stýris ‘of the ruler’

stýrir (noun m.): ruler, controller

kennings

stýris imnasaungs
‘of the ruler of hymn-singing ’
   = God

the ruler of hymn-singing → God
Close

imna ‘of hymn’

hymni (noun m.; °-a; -ar): [hymn] < hymnasǫngr (noun m.)

kennings

stýris imnasaungs
‘of the ruler of hymn-singing ’
   = God

the ruler of hymn-singing → God
Close

saungs ‘singing’

sǫngr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -vi/-; -var): song < hymnasǫngr (noun m.)

kennings

stýris imnasaungs
‘of the ruler of hymn-singing ’
   = God

the ruler of hymn-singing → God
Close

himna ‘skies’

himinn (noun m.; °himins, dat. himni; himnar): heaven, sky

[4] himna: ‘h[...]’ 713, ‘(himna)’(?) 399a‑bˣ, ‘[...]’ 920ˣ

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Tákna ‘of miracles’

tákn (noun n.; °-s; -): token

Close

trauðla ‘hardly’

trauðla (adv.): hardly

Close

er ‘which’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

[6] er: en 713, 920ˣ, sem 399a‑bˣ

Close

Káterína ‘Catherine’

Kátrína (noun f.): [Catherine]

Close

vann ‘worked’

2. vinna (verb): perform, work

[7] vann: ‘vn[...]’ 713, 920ˣ, unnið 399a‑bˣ

notes

[7] vann ‘worked’: Finnur Jónsson (Skj A) was able to read ‘vnir’ in 713, but now only ‘vn’ is visible. In Skj B he proposes innir ‘performs, carries out’. Skald prefers vann, as here.

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einart ‘incessantly’

einart (adv.): incessantly

[7] einart: ‘[...]art’ 713, ‘(læ)tur’(?) 399a‑bˣ, ‘[...]t’ 920ˣ

Close

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[1-2]: There is no parallel for this detail in the prose text, where angels carry off Catherine’s body (see Note to st. 43), nor is the detail of the man who buried her body known from the prose saga.

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