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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Kálf Kátr 4VII

Kirsten Wolf (ed.) 2007, ‘Kálfr Hallsson, Kátrínardrápa 4’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 934-5.

Kálfr HallssonKátrínardrápa
345

Kæna ‘skilful’

2. kœnn (adj.; °superl. kǿnstr/kǿnastr): wise, skilful

kennings

kæna dóttur Kosti
‘Kostus’s skilful daughter ’
   = Catherine

Kostus’s skilful daughter → Catherine
Close

Kosti ‘Kostus’s’

Kostus (noun m.): Kostus

kennings

kæna dóttur Kosti
‘Kostus’s skilful daughter ’
   = Catherine

Kostus’s skilful daughter → Catherine
Close

dóttur ‘daughter’

dóttir (noun f.; °dóttur, dat. dóttur/dǿtr/dóttir, acc. dóttur/dóttir, nom. dóttir/dóttur; dǿtr, gen. dǿtra (cf. [$1592$])): daughter

kennings

kæna dóttur Kosti
‘Kostus’s skilful daughter ’
   = Catherine

Kostus’s skilful daughter → Catherine
Close

ung ‘at a young age’

ungr (adj.): young

Close

allar ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

Close

báru ‘of the wave’

1. bára (noun f.; °-u; -ur): wave

[3] báru: so 399a‑bˣ, 920ˣ, ‘brau’ 713

kennings

Baldur eims báru
‘The Baldur of the fire of the wave ’
   = MAN

the fire of the wave → GOLD
The Baldur of the GOLD → MAN
Close

báru ‘of the wave’

1. bára (noun f.; °-u; -ur): wave

[3] báru: so 399a‑bˣ, 920ˣ, ‘brau’ 713

kennings

Baldur eims báru
‘The Baldur of the fire of the wave ’
   = MAN

the fire of the wave → GOLD
The Baldur of the GOLD → MAN
Close

Baldur ‘Baldur’

Baldr (noun m.): [Baldr, Baldur]

kennings

Baldur eims báru
‘The Baldur of the fire of the wave ’
   = MAN

the fire of the wave → GOLD
The Baldur of the GOLD → MAN
Close

eims ‘of the fire’

eimr (noun m.): fire, smoke

kennings

Baldur eims báru
‘The Baldur of the fire of the wave ’
   = MAN

the fire of the wave → GOLD
The Baldur of the GOLD → MAN
Close

eims ‘of the fire’

eimr (noun m.): fire, smoke

kennings

Baldur eims báru
‘The Baldur of the fire of the wave ’
   = MAN

the fire of the wave → GOLD
The Baldur of the GOLD → MAN
Close

Ástar ‘The loving’

ást (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): love < ástargjarn (adj.)

kennings

Ástargjörn ambátt drottins himna
‘The loving handmaid of the Lord of the heavens ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the Lord of the heavens → God
The loving handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
Close

gjörn ‘’

gjarn (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): eager < ástargjarn (adj.)

kennings

Ástargjörn ambátt drottins himna
‘The loving handmaid of the Lord of the heavens ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the Lord of the heavens → God
The loving handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
Close

hefir ‘has’

hafa (verb): have

Close

allar ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

Close

ambátt ‘handmaid’

ambátt (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir/-ar (ambottor EiðKrA 391²²)): handmaid

kennings

Ástargjörn ambátt drottins himna
‘The loving handmaid of the Lord of the heavens ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the Lord of the heavens → God
The loving handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
Close

himna ‘of the heavens’

himinn (noun m.; °himins, dat. himni; himnar): heaven, sky

kennings

Ástargjörn ambátt drottins himna
‘The loving handmaid of the Lord of the heavens ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the Lord of the heavens → God
The loving handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
Close

himna ‘of the heavens’

himinn (noun m.; °himins, dat. himni; himnar): heaven, sky

kennings

Ástargjörn ambátt drottins himna
‘The loving handmaid of the Lord of the heavens ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the Lord of the heavens → God
The loving handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
Close

drottins ‘of the Lord’

dróttinn (noun m.; °dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar): lord, master

kennings

Ástargjörn ambátt drottins himna
‘The loving handmaid of the Lord of the heavens ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the Lord of the heavens → God
The loving handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
Close

drottins ‘of the Lord’

dróttinn (noun m.; °dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar): lord, master

kennings

Ástargjörn ambátt drottins himna
‘The loving handmaid of the Lord of the heavens ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the Lord of the heavens → God
The loving handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
Close

sjá ‘that’

1. sjá (pron.; °gen. þessa dat. þessum/þeima, acc. þenna; f. sjá/þessi; n. þetta, dat. þessu/þvísa; pl. þessir): this

kennings

sjá Þrúðr falda
‘that Þrúðr of headdresses ’
   = WOMAN

that Þrúðr of headdresses → WOMAN
Close

falda ‘of headdresses’

faldr (noun m.; °; -ar): headdress

kennings

sjá Þrúðr falda
‘that Þrúðr of headdresses ’
   = WOMAN

that Þrúðr of headdresses → WOMAN
Close

Þrúðr ‘Þrúðr’

Þrúðr (noun f.): Þrúðr

kennings

sjá Þrúðr falda
‘that Þrúðr of headdresses ’
   = WOMAN

that Þrúðr of headdresses → WOMAN
Close

Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Cf. the prose legend (Unger 1877, I, 401; Wolf 2003, 124): Þessi mær svo sem hun var ættgo᷎fug, svo var hun ok agæt at speki sinni, numit hafdi hun allar þær iþrottir a bokum, er liberalis heita. Hun kunni margar tungur at skilia ok spakliga allar spurningar at leysa, þær er fyrir hana voro bornar ‘This maiden, to the extent that she was of noble birth, was equally noble in her wisdom, and had learnt all those arts from books, that are called the liberal arts. She could understand many languages and could wisely solve all questions that were brought before her’.

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