Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, Lausavísur 12’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 53-4.
This lv. (Hharð Lv 12) is part of a short anecdote involving Haraldr and a wealthy Norw. farmer (see Context below). The episode is transmitted in Mork (Mork), Flat (Flat) and H-Hr (H, Hr). Mork is the main ms. The metre is a variant of dróttkvætt with irregularities in syllable-count and internal rhymes.
Kennir kyrtil þenna?
Kú átt skjǫldungi gjalda,
ok alvaxinn oxa
átt skjǫldungi gjalda.
Bǫrn ok allt, þats árnar,
átt skjǫldungi gjalda;
svín ok aligás eina
átt skjǫldungi at gjalda.
Margar eru manna vélar:
mosa átt ok skjǫldungi at gjalda.
Kennir þenna kyrtil? Átt gjalda skjǫldungi kú, ok alvaxinn oxa átt gjalda skjǫldungi. Bǫrn ok allt, þats árnar, átt gjalda skjǫldungi; svín ok eina aligás átt at gjalda skjǫldungi. Margar eru vélar manna: mosa átt ok at gjalda skjǫldungi.
Do you recognise this tunic? You must yield a cow to the king, and a full-grown ox you must yield to the king. Your children and all that you acquire, you must yield to the king; a pig and one tame goose you must yield to the king. Many are the deceits of men: moss you must also yield to the king.
Mss: Mork(11r) (Mork); Flat(199va) (Flat); H(62r), Hr(45va) (ll. 1-8) (H-Hr)
Readings:  gjalda: at gjalda Flat  skjǫldungi: so Flat, H, Hr, ‘scꜹlldungi’ Mork; gjalda: at gjalda Flat  Bǫrn ok allt þats árnar: svín ok aligás eina Flat, H, Hr  gjalda: at gjalda Flat  svín ok aligás eina: bǫrn ok allt þat árnar Flat, bǫrn ok allt þats árnar H, Hr  at: om. H, Hr  mosa: mos Flat, H; ok: om. Flat; at: om. H
Context: Haraldr visits a farmer, Úlfr inn auðgi ‘the Wealthy’, in Opplandene, Norway. He is annoyed at the splendour displayed at the banquet held in his honour and proceeds to tell a story about the dealings between his own grandfather, Hálfdan Sigurðarson, and Úlfr’s grandfather, Álmsteinn, a slave. Because of Álmsteinn’s treacherous behaviour, Hálfdan proclaimed that Álmsteinn, as well as his descendents, should be slaves forever. Upon finishing the story, King Haraldr hands Úlfr a white tunic, the symbol of bondage, and recites this st.
Notes:  aligás ‘tame goose’: For the resolution on the first element of this cpd, see Note to Hharð Gamv 2/1. — [9-10]: These ll., which are omitted in Hr, are added by Haraldr as an afterthought (Mork 1928-32, 193): oc þar let konungr fylgia drag þetta ‘and the king supplemented it with this addition’. For the technical term drag ‘addition’, see SnE 1999, 8.
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