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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Kálf Kátr 24VII

Kirsten Wolf (ed.) 2007, ‘Kálfr Hallsson, Kátrínardrápa 24’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 946-7.

Kálfr HallssonKátrínardrápa
232425

dýrlig ‘glorious’

dýrligr (adj.; °compar. -ri, superl. -astr/-(a)st-): glorious, precious

kennings

Dýrlig ambátt stýris himna
‘The glorious handmaid of the king of the heavens ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the king of the heavens → God
The glorious handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
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ambátt ‘handmaid’

ambátt (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir/-ar (ambottor EiðKrA 391²²)): handmaid

kennings

Dýrlig ambátt stýris himna
‘The glorious handmaid of the king of the heavens ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the king of the heavens → God
The glorious handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
Close

himna ‘of the heavens’

himinn (noun m.; °himins, dat. himni; himnar): heaven, sky

kennings

Dýrlig ambátt stýris himna
‘The glorious handmaid of the king of the heavens ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the king of the heavens → God
The glorious handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
Close

himna ‘of the heavens’

himinn (noun m.; °himins, dat. himni; himnar): heaven, sky

kennings

Dýrlig ambátt stýris himna
‘The glorious handmaid of the king of the heavens ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the king of the heavens → God
The glorious handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
Close

stýris ‘of the king’

stýrir (noun m.): ruler, controller

kennings

Dýrlig ambátt stýris himna
‘The glorious handmaid of the king of the heavens ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the king of the heavens → God
The glorious handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
Close

stýris ‘of the king’

stýrir (noun m.): ruler, controller

kennings

Dýrlig ambátt stýris himna
‘The glorious handmaid of the king of the heavens ’
   = HOLY WOMAN

the king of the heavens → God
The glorious handmaid of GOD → HOLY WOMAN
Close

Rínar ‘of the Rhine’s’

Rín (noun f.): [Rhine]

kennings

Rist Rínar báls
‘the Rist of the Rhine’s fire ’
   =

the Rhine’s fire → GOLD
the Rist of the GOLD →
Close

Rínar ‘of the Rhine’s’

Rín (noun f.): [Rhine]

kennings

Rist Rínar báls
‘the Rist of the Rhine’s fire ’
   =

the Rhine’s fire → GOLD
the Rist of the GOLD →
Close

báls ‘fire’

bál (noun n.; °-s; -): fire

kennings

Rist Rínar báls
‘the Rist of the Rhine’s fire ’
   =

the Rhine’s fire → GOLD
the Rist of the GOLD →
Close

báls ‘fire’

bál (noun n.; °-s; -): fire

kennings

Rist Rínar báls
‘the Rist of the Rhine’s fire ’
   =

the Rhine’s fire → GOLD
the Rist of the GOLD →
Close

Rist ‘the Rist’

Rist (noun f.): Riste

kennings

Rist Rínar báls
‘the Rist of the Rhine’s fire ’
   =

the Rhine’s fire → GOLD
the Rist of the GOLD →

notes

[4] Rist: The spelling Rist (for Hrist, cf. st. 29/1) is clearly for alliterative purposes.

Close

játti ‘acknowledged’

1. játa (verb): agree

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Síðan ‘Subsequently’

síðan (adv.): later, then

Close

góðu ‘good’

góðr (adj.): good

Close

alla ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

Close

eingla ‘of angels’

1. engill (noun m.; °engils; englar): angel

kennings

stillis eingla,
‘of the ruler of angels, ’
   = God

the ruler of angels, → God
Close

stillis ‘of the ruler’

stillir (noun m.): ruler

kennings

stillis eingla,
‘of the ruler of angels, ’
   = God

the ruler of angels, → God
Close

orð ‘words’

orð (noun n.; °-s; -): word

[8] orð: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘or’ 713, 920ˣ

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

[5-8]: These ll. summarise a long exchange between Catherine and the empress in the prose text (Unger 1877, I, 410-12; Wolf 2003, 132-4).

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