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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gamlkan Has 57VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Gamli kanóki, Harmsól 57’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 124-5.

Gamli kanókiHarmsól
565758

Heldr ‘rather’

heldr (adv.): rather

Close

hǫlða ‘of men’

hǫlðr (noun m.; °-s; -ar): man

kennings

Mætastr happvinnandi hǫlða,
‘Most illustrious luck-worker of men, ’
   = God

Most illustrious luck-worker of men, → God
Close

happ ‘luck’

happ (noun n.; °-s; *-): fortune, luck < happvinnandi (noun m.)

[2] happvinnandi þinni: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘h[...]pvin[...]e[...]’ B

kennings

Mætastr happvinnandi hǫlða,
‘Most illustrious luck-worker of men, ’
   = God

Most illustrious luck-worker of men, → God
Close

vinnandi ‘worker’

vinnandi (noun m.; °; vinnendr): worker, winner < happvinnandi (noun m.)

[2] happvinnandi þinni: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘h[...]pvin[...]e[...]’ B

kennings

Mætastr happvinnandi hǫlða,
‘Most illustrious luck-worker of men, ’
   = God

Most illustrious luck-worker of men, → God
Close

þinni ‘your’

þinn (pron.; °f. þín, n. þitt): your

[2] happvinnandi þinni: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘h[...]pvin[...]e[...]’ B

Close

meir ‘more’

meiri (adj. comp.; °meiran; superl. mestr): more, most

[3] meir af miskunn: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘meirr[...]iskunn’ B

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af ‘out of’

af (prep.): from

[3] meir af miskunn: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘meirr[...]iskunn’ B

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miskunn ‘mercy’

miskunn (noun f.; °-ar; gen. -a): forgiveness, mercy, grace

[3] meir af miskunn: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘meirr[...]iskunn’ B

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mætastr ‘Most illustrious’

mætr (adj.; °compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr): honoured, respected

[4] mætastr an réttlæti: ‘[...]ętaz[...]ettlęti’ B, ‘mętaz e(n) réttlęti’(?) 399a‑bˣ

kennings

Mætastr happvinnandi hǫlða,
‘Most illustrious luck-worker of men, ’
   = God

Most illustrious luck-worker of men, → God
Close

an ‘than’

2. an (conj.): than

[4] mætastr an réttlæti: ‘[...]ętaz[...]ettlęti’ B, ‘mętaz e(n) réttlęti’(?) 399a‑bˣ

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réttlæti ‘justice’

réttlæti (noun n.): justice

[4] mætastr an réttlæti: ‘[...]ętaz[...]ettlęti’ B, ‘mętaz e(n) réttlęti’(?) 399a‑bˣ

Close

vættik ‘I expect’

vætta (verb): expect

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valdr ‘ruler’

valdr (noun m.): ruler

kennings

hár valdr blásinna tjalda hreggs.
‘high ruler of the windswept tents of the storm.’
   = God

the windswept tents of the storm. → SKY/HEAVEN
high ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[6-7] valdr blásinna tjalda hreggs ‘ruler of the windswept tents of the storm [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Cf. Geisl 7/5-6, where heaven is described as hríðblásinn salr heiða ‘storm-blown hall of the heaths’. On the frequency of heaven-kennings involving hár and hreggr in C12th drápur, see Notes to 1/1-2 and 45/1-4.

Close

blásinna ‘of the windswept’

2. blása (verb; °blǽss; blés, blésu; blásinn): blow

kennings

hár valdr blásinna tjalda hreggs.
‘high ruler of the windswept tents of the storm.’
   = God

the windswept tents of the storm. → SKY/HEAVEN
high ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[6-7] valdr blásinna tjalda hreggs ‘ruler of the windswept tents of the storm [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Cf. Geisl 7/5-6, where heaven is described as hríðblásinn salr heiða ‘storm-blown hall of the heaths’. On the frequency of heaven-kennings involving hár and hreggr in C12th drápur, see Notes to 1/1-2 and 45/1-4.

Close

blásinna ‘of the windswept’

2. blása (verb; °blǽss; blés, blésu; blásinn): blow

kennings

hár valdr blásinna tjalda hreggs.
‘high ruler of the windswept tents of the storm.’
   = God

the windswept tents of the storm. → SKY/HEAVEN
high ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[6-7] valdr blásinna tjalda hreggs ‘ruler of the windswept tents of the storm [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Cf. Geisl 7/5-6, where heaven is described as hríðblásinn salr heiða ‘storm-blown hall of the heaths’. On the frequency of heaven-kennings involving hár and hreggr in C12th drápur, see Notes to 1/1-2 and 45/1-4.

Close

tjalda ‘tents’

tjald (noun n.; °-s; *-): tent, awning

kennings

hár valdr blásinna tjalda hreggs.
‘high ruler of the windswept tents of the storm.’
   = God

the windswept tents of the storm. → SKY/HEAVEN
high ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[6-7] valdr blásinna tjalda hreggs ‘ruler of the windswept tents of the storm [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Cf. Geisl 7/5-6, where heaven is described as hríðblásinn salr heiða ‘storm-blown hall of the heaths’. On the frequency of heaven-kennings involving hár and hreggr in C12th drápur, see Notes to 1/1-2 and 45/1-4.

Close

tjalda ‘tents’

tjald (noun n.; °-s; *-): tent, awning

kennings

hár valdr blásinna tjalda hreggs.
‘high ruler of the windswept tents of the storm.’
   = God

the windswept tents of the storm. → SKY/HEAVEN
high ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[6-7] valdr blásinna tjalda hreggs ‘ruler of the windswept tents of the storm [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Cf. Geisl 7/5-6, where heaven is described as hríðblásinn salr heiða ‘storm-blown hall of the heaths’. On the frequency of heaven-kennings involving hár and hreggr in C12th drápur, see Notes to 1/1-2 and 45/1-4.

Close

hreggs ‘of the storm’

hregg (noun n.): storm

kennings

hár valdr blásinna tjalda hreggs.
‘high ruler of the windswept tents of the storm.’
   = God

the windswept tents of the storm. → SKY/HEAVEN
high ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[6-7] valdr blásinna tjalda hreggs ‘ruler of the windswept tents of the storm [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Cf. Geisl 7/5-6, where heaven is described as hríðblásinn salr heiða ‘storm-blown hall of the heaths’. On the frequency of heaven-kennings involving hár and hreggr in C12th drápur, see Notes to 1/1-2 and 45/1-4.

Close

hreggs ‘of the storm’

hregg (noun n.): storm

kennings

hár valdr blásinna tjalda hreggs.
‘high ruler of the windswept tents of the storm.’
   = God

the windswept tents of the storm. → SKY/HEAVEN
high ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[6-7] valdr blásinna tjalda hreggs ‘ruler of the windswept tents of the storm [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Cf. Geisl 7/5-6, where heaven is described as hríðblásinn salr heiða ‘storm-blown hall of the heaths’. On the frequency of heaven-kennings involving hár and hreggr in C12th drápur, see Notes to 1/1-2 and 45/1-4.

Close

þiggi ‘may receive’

þiggja (verb): receive, get

Close

hár ‘high’

3. hár (adj.; °-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr): high

[8] hár: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘h[...]r’ B

kennings

hár valdr blásinna tjalda hreggs.
‘high ruler of the windswept tents of the storm.’
   = God

the windswept tents of the storm. → SKY/HEAVEN
high ruler of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

ó ‘frailties’

ó- ((prefix)): un- < óstyrkð (noun f.): weakness

notes

[8] óstyrkðir várar ‘our frailties’: The edn follows Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) and Kempff (1907, 56) in adopting Sveinbjörn Egilsson’s suggestion (note to 444ˣ transcript) that this phrase is the object of Lít ok virð ‘consider and evaluate’ (l. 5). Kock (NN §1213) objects that this sense is rather unlikely, since God’s nature is not to look upon sin, and thereby to destroy it, but rather to avert his eyes from it (cf. Exod. XXXIII.20, Ps. LI.9). Kock therefore takes óstyrkðir várar as part of the at-cl., construing the entire cl. at óstyrkðir várar hjǫlp of þiggi ‘that our frailties may receive help’ as the object of Lít ok virð.

Close

styrkðir ‘’

styrkð (noun f.; °-ar): [nesses] < óstyrkð (noun f.): weakness

notes

[8] óstyrkðir várar ‘our frailties’: The edn follows Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) and Kempff (1907, 56) in adopting Sveinbjörn Egilsson’s suggestion (note to 444ˣ transcript) that this phrase is the object of Lít ok virð ‘consider and evaluate’ (l. 5). Kock (NN §1213) objects that this sense is rather unlikely, since God’s nature is not to look upon sin, and thereby to destroy it, but rather to avert his eyes from it (cf. Exod. XXXIII.20, Ps. LI.9). Kock therefore takes óstyrkðir várar as part of the at-cl., construing the entire cl. at óstyrkðir várar hjǫlp of þiggi ‘that our frailties may receive help’ as the object of Lít ok virð.

Close

várar ‘our [my]’

várr (pron.; °f. ór/vár; pl. órir/várir): our

notes

[8] óstyrkðir várar ‘our frailties’: The edn follows Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) and Kempff (1907, 56) in adopting Sveinbjörn Egilsson’s suggestion (note to 444ˣ transcript) that this phrase is the object of Lít ok virð ‘consider and evaluate’ (l. 5). Kock (NN §1213) objects that this sense is rather unlikely, since God’s nature is not to look upon sin, and thereby to destroy it, but rather to avert his eyes from it (cf. Exod. XXXIII.20, Ps. LI.9). Kock therefore takes óstyrkðir várar as part of the at-cl., construing the entire cl. at óstyrkðir várar hjǫlp of þiggi ‘that our frailties may receive help’ as the object of Lít ok virð.

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