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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Lil 51VII

Martin Chase (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Lilja 51’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 620-1.

Anonymous PoemsLilja
505152

allra ‘of all’

allr (adj.): all

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lista ‘arts’

list (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): skill, art, virtue

notes

[1] lista ‘arts’: Cf. listum 2/5 and Note, as well as hrærð af list ‘moved by artistry’ 93/1. Christ, commonly referred to as magister or teacher, is here invoked as the master of eloquence.

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góðr ‘good’

góðr (adj.): good

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veittu ‘grant’

2. veita (verb): grant, give

[3] veittu: kenndu 99a, 713, Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 705ˣ, 4892

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stilla ‘compose’

stilla (verb): control

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stefnlig ‘’

stefnligr (adj.)

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steflig ‘for a stef

stefligr (adj.): with refrains

[4] steflig: sá stefnlig 99a, stefnlig 622, 713, svá steflig Vb, 41 8°ˣ, svá stefnlig 705ˣ, 4892

notes

[4] steflig ‘fit a stef, in the form of a stef’: The rhyme scheme of the line (stefl- : efl-) requires the form given in Bb. The same form occurs at 2/7.

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megi ‘might be able to’

mega (verb): may, might

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efla ‘command’

efla (verb; °-fld-/-að-(RómvUpph¹ 382²⁴)): strengthen

[4] efla: efna 99a, 705ˣ, 4892

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Æfinliga ‘Unceasingly’

ævinliga (adv.): unceasingly

notes

[5] æfinliga ‘unceasingly’: The word is capitalized and begins a new l. in Bb.

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með ‘with’

með (prep.): with

notes

[5] með lyftum lófum ‘with lifted hands’: Lit. ‘with lifted palms’, lófi being the hollow or palm of the hand. The gesture was associated with prayer and would have been familiar from Scripture (Pss. XXVII.2, LXII.5, CXXXIII.3; Lam. III.41; 1 Tim. II.8). The psalmist’s formula appears in a l. from the widely-used matins hymn Rerum creator optime: Mentes manusque tollimus ‘we lift up our minds and our hands’ (AH 51, 28; Brev. Nidr., d.iiir). Liturgical books commonly use the rubric manus elevans ‘with hands upraised’ to indicate the proper posture for the priest during prayer. Cf. Geisl 9/5: Hefjum hendr ‘we lift up our hands’. These associations make lyftum preferable to the variant lyktum ‘folded’, adopted by Skj B.

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lyftum ‘lifted’

lyfta (verb): lift, raise

[5] lyftum: lyktum 622, 713

notes

[5] með lyftum lófum ‘with lifted hands’: Lit. ‘with lifted palms’, lófi being the hollow or palm of the hand. The gesture was associated with prayer and would have been familiar from Scripture (Pss. XXVII.2, LXII.5, CXXXIII.3; Lam. III.41; 1 Tim. II.8). The psalmist’s formula appears in a l. from the widely-used matins hymn Rerum creator optime: Mentes manusque tollimus ‘we lift up our minds and our hands’ (AH 51, 28; Brev. Nidr., d.iiir). Liturgical books commonly use the rubric manus elevans ‘with hands upraised’ to indicate the proper posture for the priest during prayer. Cf. Geisl 9/5: Hefjum hendr ‘we lift up our hands’. These associations make lyftum preferable to the variant lyktum ‘folded’, adopted by Skj B.

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lófum ‘hands’

lófi (noun m.; °-a; -ar): palm of hand

notes

[5] með lyftum lófum ‘with lifted hands’: Lit. ‘with lifted palms’, lófi being the hollow or palm of the hand. The gesture was associated with prayer and would have been familiar from Scripture (Pss. XXVII.2, LXII.5, CXXXIII.3; Lam. III.41; 1 Tim. II.8). The psalmist’s formula appears in a l. from the widely-used matins hymn Rerum creator optime: Mentes manusque tollimus ‘we lift up our minds and our hands’ (AH 51, 28; Brev. Nidr., d.iiir). Liturgical books commonly use the rubric manus elevans ‘with hands upraised’ to indicate the proper posture for the priest during prayer. Cf. Geisl 9/5: Hefjum hendr ‘we lift up our hands’. These associations make lyftum preferable to the variant lyktum ‘folded’, adopted by Skj B.

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ræðandi ‘uttering’

2. rœða (verb): utter, speak

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knie ‘knees’

kné (noun n.; °-s; -, gen. knjá): knee, lap

[6] knie: so 99a, 622, 713, Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 705ˣ, 4892, hnie Bb

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öll ‘all ’

allr (adj.): all

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skyld ‘should’

skulu (verb): shall, should, must

[7] skyld: skyldug 622

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falla ‘fall’

falla (verb): fall

[7] falla: falli Vb, 41 8°ˣ, 4892

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skapari ‘Creator’

skapari (noun m.; °-a): (the) creator

[8] skapari: skaparinn 99a, 622

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ásjón ‘face’

ásjón (noun f.; °; -ir): face

[8] ásjón: so 622, 713, ásjó Bb, ásján 99a, 41 8°ˣ, 4892, ástan Vb

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This st., the midpoint of the drápa, introduces the second stef. Paasche comments (1957, 534-5) that form and content here fall together: the structural midpoint of the poem describes the midpoint and turning point of salvation history. Christ is on the Cross, time is suspended, and everything hangs in balance. The second half of the drápa begins like a new poem with a ‘topic of the exordium’ (Curtius 1953, 85-9), a prayer for eloquence (cf. st. 2). — [7-8]: Cf. Arngr Gd 56/7-8IV skepnan öll verðr skyld at halda | ... sínum vilja ‘all creation is obliged to observe ... his will’.

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