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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Sigdr I 5II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Sigurðardrápa I 5’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 541-2.

Einarr SkúlasonSigurðardrápa I
45

Sætt frák Dœla dróttin
— drengr minnisk þess — vinna;
tóku hvasst í Hristar
hríð valslǫngur ríða.
Sterkr braut váligt virki
vals munnlituðr gunnar;
fǫgr ruðusk sverð, en sigri
snarr bragningr hlaut fagna.

Frák {dróttin Dœla} vinna Sætt; drengr minnisk þess; valslǫngur tóku ríða hvasst í {hríð Hristar}. {Sterkr munnlituðr {vals gunnar}} braut váligt virki; fǫgr sverð ruðusk, en snarr bragningr hlaut fagna sigri.

I heard that {the lord of the Dœlir} [NORWEGIAN KING = Sigurðr] captured Sidon; the man [I] commemorates that; catapults began to swing violently in {the storm of Hrist <valkyrie>} [BATTLE]. {The mighty mouth-colourer {of the falcon of battle}} [RAVEN/EAGLE > WARRIOR] destroyed the fearsome stronghold; fair swords were reddened, and the swift ruler could rejoice in victory.

Mss: (612v), 39(37vb), E(38v), J2ˣ(320v), 42ˣ(19v) (Hkr); H(97r), Hr(65vb) (H-Hr)

Readings: [1] Dœla: deili H, Hr;    dróttin: dróttni corrected from ‘dróttin’ E, dróttni J2ˣ, dróttar H, Hr    [3] tóku: jóku E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ;    hvasst: fast J2ˣ, 42ˣ    [4] hríð: ‘hriþa’ 42ˣ;    ‑slǫngur: ‑slǫngr E, J2ˣ    [5] Sterkr: styrkr H, starkr Hr    [6] ‑lituðr: so all others, ‑litaðr Kˣ;    gunnar: ‘merki gunnaz’ E    [7] en: í Hr    [8] snarr: so all others, snjallr Kˣ;    bragningr: bragning 39;    hlaut: lét 42ˣ

Editions: Skj AI, 456, Skj BI, 424, Skald I, 209; ÍF 28, 251 (Msona ch. 11), E 1916, 135; Fms 7, 93 (Msona ch. 11).

Context: Sigurðr and Baldwin besieged Sidon (19 October-5 December 1110).

Notes: [All]: For this siege, see Riant 1865, 192-3; Koht 1924, 162-4; Setton 1969, I, 386-7. See also Hskv Útdr 11 and McDougall and McDougall 1998, 113 n. 319 (and the literature cited there). — [1] Sætt ‘Sidon’: Given as Sæt in the Hkr prose (ÍF 28, 250), and attested only here in poetry. Sidon is located in present-day Lebanon. — [4] valslǫngur ‘catapults’: Used by defenders and attackers during sieges of strongholds; probably not built in Scandinavia until the C12th (see Falk 1914, 193-4). — [8] snarr (m. nom. sg.) ‘swift’: The variant snjallr (m. nom. sg.) ‘brave’ also gives a plausible reading but must be an independent innovation.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. Falk, Hjalmar, ed. 1914a. Sólarljóð. Videnskapsselskapets skrifter II. Hist.-filos. kl. 7. 2 vols. Kristiania (Oslo): Dybwad.
  5. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  6. E 1916 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1916. Eirspennill: AM 47 fol. Nóregs konunga sǫgur: Magnús góði – Hákon gamli. Kristiania (Oslo): Den norske historiske kildeskriftskommission.
  7. Koht, Halvdan. 1924. ‘Kong Sigurd på Jorsal-ferd’. HT(N) 26, 153-68.
  8. McDougall, David and Ian McDougall, trans. 1998. Theodoricus monachus. Historia de antiquitate regum norwagiensium: An Account of the Ancient History of the Norwegian Kings. Viking Society for Northern Research Text Series 11. University College, London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  9. Riant, Paul E. D. 1865. Expéditions et pèlerinages des Scandinaves en Terre Sainte au temps des croisades. Thèse presentée à la Faculté des Lettres de Paris. Paris: Lainé et Havard.
  10. Setton, Kenneth M., ed. 1969. A History of the Crusades. 6 vols. 2nd edn. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
  11. Internal references
  12. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Heimskringla (Hkr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  13. Not published: do not cite (MsonaII)
  14. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Halldórr skvaldri, Útfarardrápa 11’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 491-2.
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