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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Run 1II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Runhenda 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 551-2.

Einarr SkúlasonRunhenda

Jǫfurr fýstisk austr
ǫrlyndr ok hraustr.

Jǫfurr, ǫrlyndr ok hraustr, fýstisk austr.

The lord, liberal-minded and bold, was eager [to journey] east.

Mss: Mork(35v) (Mork)

Editions: Skj AI, 473, Skj BI, 445, Skald I, 219; Mork 1867, 223, Mork 1928-32, 440, Andersson and Gade 2000, 389, 494 (Hsona).

Context: Eysteinn Haraldsson arrived in Norway from Scotland.

Notes: [All]: Eysteinn came to Norway in 1142. He and his mother, Bjaðǫk, had been fetched from Scotland by the Norwegians Árni sturla and Þorleifr Brynjólfsson, with Kolbeinn hrúga, the father of Bishop Bjarni Kolbeinsson (BjbpI) of Orkney. Haraldr gilli had previously acknowledged the paternity of Eysteinn, and he was elected king of Norway to rule along with his half-brothers Sigurðr, Ingi and Magnús (see ESk Harsonkv above).


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  3. Andersson, Theodore M. and Kari Ellen Gade, trans. 2000. Morkinskinna: The Earliest Icelandic Chronicle of the Norwegian Kings (1030-1157). Islandica 51. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
  4. Mork 1928-32 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1928-32. Morkinskinna. SUGNL 53. Copenhagen: Jørgensen.
  5. Mork 1867 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1867. Morkinskinna: Pergamentsbog fra første halvdel af det trettende aarhundrede. Indeholdende en af de ældste optegnelser af norske kongesagaer. Oslo: Bentzen.
  6. Internal references
  7. Jonna Louis-Jensen 2012, ‘(Biography of) Bjarni byskup Kolbeinsson’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 953.
  8. Not published: do not cite (MHII)
  9. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Einarr Skúlason, Haraldssonakvæði (?)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 548-50.

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