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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Harsonkv 1II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Haraldssonakvæði (?) 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 549.

Einarr SkúlasonHaraldssonakvæði (?)

Auð gefr Eysteinn lýðum;
eykr hjaldr Sigurðr skjaldar;
lætr Ingi slǫg syngva;
semr Magnús frið bragna.
Fjǫldýrs (hafa fjórir)
folktjald (komit aldri)
rýðr bragnings kyn blóði
(brœðr und sól in œðri).

Eysteinn gefr lýðum auð; Sigurðr eykr {hjaldr skjaldar}; Ingi lætr slǫg syngva; Magnús semr frið bragna. Kyn fjǫldýrs bragnings rýðr {folktjald} blóði; aldri hafa fjórir brœðr in œðri komit und sól.

Eysteinn gives people wealth; Sigurðr increases {the noise of the shield} [BATTLE]; Ingi lets weapons sing; Magnús creates concord between men. The kin of the very precious ruler reddens {the battle-tent} [SHIELD] with blood; never have four more distinguished brothers appeared beneath the sun.

Mss: (655v), F(73ra), E(56r), J2ˣ(353v), 42ˣ(45r-v) (Hkr); H(123r), Hr(80va) (H-Hr)

Readings: [3] syngva: syngja 42ˣ, H, Hr    [4] frið: ferð E    [6] ‑tjald: tjalds F, E, J2ˣ, Hr, valds 42ˣ    [7] kyn: om. 42ˣ    [8] sól in (‘sol hin’): sólu F, sól en E, Hr, sól enn J2ˣ, H, sól er 42ˣ;    œðri: aldri 42ˣ

Editions: Skj AI, 458, Skj BI, 426, Skald I, 210; ÍF 28, 321-2 (Hsona ch. 14), F 1871, 336, E 1916, 195; Fms 7, 229 (Hsona ch. 14).

Context: The st. is cited to document the good qualities of the sons of Haraldr gilli.

Notes: [All]: For information on Haraldr’s sons Eysteinn, Ingi and Sigurðr, see Notes to Anon Nkt 56, 58-60 and ‘Royal Biographies’ in Introduction to this vol. Magnús died young, and very little is known about him (see Hkr, ÍF 28, 321). — [8] in œðri ‘more distinguished’: In is an intensifying adv. placed before comp. adjectives (see Heggstad, Hødnebø and Simensen, 1997: enn adv. 5). The more common form of this adv. is enn, but it was weakened to in in unstressed position.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  5. F 1871 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1871. Fríssbók: Codex Frisianus. En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  6. E 1916 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1916. Eirspennill: AM 47 fol. Nóregs konunga sǫgur: Magnús góði – Hákon gamli. Kristiania (Oslo): Den norske historiske kildeskriftskommission.
  7. Internal references
  8. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Anonymous Poems, Nóregs konungatal 56’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 796.

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