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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Geisl 58VII

Martin Chase (ed.) 2007, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Geisli 58’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 54-5.

Einarr SkúlasonGeisli
575859

Angr ‘of sin’

2. angr (noun n.): grief, sin < angrfylldr (adj.)

[1] Angrfyldrar: so Bb, ‘Angrs fylldir’ Flat

kennings

Þjónn mildings angrfyldrar aldar
‘The servant of the king of sinful humankind ’
   = PRIEST = Ríkarðr

the king of sinful humankind → God
The servant of GOD → PRIEST = Ríkarðr
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Angr ‘of sin’

2. angr (noun n.): grief, sin < angrfylldr (adj.)

[1] Angrfyldrar: so Bb, ‘Angrs fylldir’ Flat

kennings

Þjónn mildings angrfyldrar aldar
‘The servant of the king of sinful humankind ’
   = PRIEST = Ríkarðr

the king of sinful humankind → God
The servant of GOD → PRIEST = Ríkarðr
Close

fyldrar ‘ful’

fylla (verb): fill < angrfylldr (adj.)

[1] Angrfyldrar: so Bb, ‘Angrs fylldir’ Flat

kennings

Þjónn mildings angrfyldrar aldar
‘The servant of the king of sinful humankind ’
   = PRIEST = Ríkarðr

the king of sinful humankind → God
The servant of GOD → PRIEST = Ríkarðr
Close

fyldrar ‘ful’

fylla (verb): fill < angrfylldr (adj.)

[1] Angrfyldrar: so Bb, ‘Angrs fylldir’ Flat

kennings

Þjónn mildings angrfyldrar aldar
‘The servant of the king of sinful humankind ’
   = PRIEST = Ríkarðr

the king of sinful humankind → God
The servant of GOD → PRIEST = Ríkarðr
Close

aldar ‘humankind’

ǫld (noun f.; °; aldir): people, age

kennings

Þjónn mildings angrfyldrar aldar
‘The servant of the king of sinful humankind ’
   = PRIEST = Ríkarðr

the king of sinful humankind → God
The servant of GOD → PRIEST = Ríkarðr
Close

aldar ‘humankind’

ǫld (noun f.; °; aldir): people, age

kennings

Þjónn mildings angrfyldrar aldar
‘The servant of the king of sinful humankind ’
   = PRIEST = Ríkarðr

the king of sinful humankind → God
The servant of GOD → PRIEST = Ríkarðr
Close

gerisk ‘becomes’

1. gera (verb): do, make

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mildings ‘of the king’

mildingr (noun m.; °-s): ruler, generous one

kennings

Þjónn mildings angrfyldrar aldar
‘The servant of the king of sinful humankind ’
   = PRIEST = Ríkarðr

the king of sinful humankind → God
The servant of GOD → PRIEST = Ríkarðr
Close

mildings ‘of the king’

mildingr (noun m.; °-s): ruler, generous one

kennings

Þjónn mildings angrfyldrar aldar
‘The servant of the king of sinful humankind ’
   = PRIEST = Ríkarðr

the king of sinful humankind → God
The servant of GOD → PRIEST = Ríkarðr
Close

þjónn ‘The servant’

þjónn (noun m.; °þjóns, dat. þjón/þjóni; þjónar): servant

kennings

Þjónn mildings angrfyldrar aldar
‘The servant of the king of sinful humankind ’
   = PRIEST = Ríkarðr

the king of sinful humankind → God
The servant of GOD → PRIEST = Ríkarðr
Close

Lygi ‘lying’

ljúga (verb): lie

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bragna ‘men’

bragnar (noun m.): men, warriors

[5] bragna: so Bb, ‘b[...]gna’ Flat

notes

[5] bragna ‘of men’: The ‘ra’ abbreviation of this word in Flat was legible to Finnur Jónsson (Skj A), but cannot now be read.

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frið ‘the peace’

friðr (noun m.): peace

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heiptar ‘hatred’

heift (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): hatred, enmity

[7] heiptar: heipta Bb

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hjaldr ‘Battle’

1. hjaldr (noun m.): battle < hjaldrstríðr (adj.)

[8] hjaldrstríð: ‘hialld stridr’ Bb

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stríð ‘hard’

stríðr (adj.): harsh < hjaldrstríðr (adj.)

[8] hjaldrstríð: ‘hialld stridr’ Bb

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Sts 58-61, like sts 37-9, mention a miracle of S. Óláfr that must have been a little delicate for Einarr to treat, as it again involved the mother of King Sigurðr munnr, Þóra Gutthormsdóttir, and her brothers Einarr and Andréas. It concerned an English priest named Ríkarðr who, Einarr and Andreas believed, was having an affair with Þóra. In order to punish him for this supposed insult to the family honour, they persuaded him to undertake a short journey and, on the way, they, with a servant, attacked him with an axe, breaking a leg, knocking out his eyes from their sockets, and cutting out his tongue. He did not die, but took refuge with a peasant household where he prayed to S. Óláfr. The saint appeared to him in a dream and cured his injuries. This narrative is found in all prose versions of the legend of S. Óláfr (Chase 2005, 43 and n. 132). The rather oblique and general statements of st. 58 are presumably Einarr Skúlason’s way of deflecting absolute blame for the attack on a priest from Sigurðr’s mother’s brothers onto generalised rumour-mongering, while at the same time implying the priest Ríkarðr’s innocence. — [5-8]: There are at least three ways of reading this helmingr. The one adopted here depends on reading Flat’s adj. hjaldrstríð ‘battle-hard’ (l. 8, f. nom. sg.) as agreeing with lygi ‘lying’ (l. 5). Both Skj B and Skald prefer Bb’s slightly emended reading hjaldrstríðr (m. nom. sg.) agreeing with kraptr hermðar ‘the power of anger’ (l. 7). Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) construes lygi hefr brugðit blíðu skapi nýtra bragna til heiptar; hjaldrstríðr kraptr hermðar brýtr stundum frið ‘lying has transformed the happy mind of able men to indignation; the battle-strong power of anger sometimes breaks the peace’. Kock (Skald and NN §948) prefers lygi hefr brugðit blíðu skapi bragnastundum brýtr hjaldrstríðr kraptr hermðar frið nýtra til heipta ‘lying has transformed the happy mind of men – sometimes the battle-strong power of anger forces the peace of good [men] to feuds’.

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